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New Testament Interpretation X

[posted 5/18/24]

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Question #1:

Hello Dr. Luginbill,

I was reading the differences between the NLT and NASB Bibles, and came across these verses.

1. John 3:7 - "So don't be surprised when I say, 'You' must be born again.

In the NLT Bible there is an * by the word You. Following the note on the bottom of the page I read this:

* The Greek word for 'you' is plural, and also in Verse 12.

I take the "you" in the plural form to refer to everyone.

The German Bible has the word "ihr",

Just want to validate this with you.

2. In John 3:11, I suddenly realized that the "we" is also speaking of the triune Godhead, because it is also a plural word; I never realized this, and I have read it many, many times.

When a person does not know the Gk. like me, I don't know the Greek, it can make a difference.

Hope you are keeping cool these very hot days.

Please pray for my Granddaughter's Mother in Law, who has 4th stage colon cancer. I have been praying for a while already.

She is a Catholic person all her life, and I have been asking God to give me the opportunity to speak to her about being Born-Again, which I doubt she knows about. She is not today under the care of Hospice, so I am thinking she won't live much longer.

Please also pray for my Granddaughter and her husband who is a wonderful person. I have been praying for them about being born-again also. I appreciate your prayers.

I talked with my daughter today and mentioned the tribulation, the Anti-Christ and the Mark of the Beast which she knows a little bit about. She is born-again, but I don't know about my granddaughter or her husband.

Thanks so much,

Blessings to you,

Your friend,

Response #1:  

On point #1, that is very interesting. Our Lord actually says in John 3:7 "don't be amazed that I said to YOU YOURSELF (singular: soi), that YOU ALL (plural: hymas) must be born again/from above". So the shift from singular to plural is hard for Greek speakers to miss. It means "For both you and all your unbelieving fellow followers of the Law who are not accepting Me as Messiah along with everyone else in Israel, there is only one way to be saved: put your trust in Me".

On point #2, a good observation about John 3:11. "We" is Jesus and the Spirit in the will of the Father.

"Most assuredly, I say to you, We speak what We know and testify what We have seen, and you do not receive Our witness."
John 3:11 NKJV

I have been keeping your family in my daily prayers for you, my friend, and will continue to do so. Thanks for keeping me in the loop. And thanks so much for your prayers too!

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #2: 

Hi Dr,

Can you provide meaning around Col 1:24, "what is lacking in Christ's affliction"?

I will also do some additional research.

I pray all is well with you and your family.

In Christ our Lord

Response #2: 

I now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up in my flesh what is lacking in the afflictions of Christ, for the sake of His body, which is the church.
Colossians 1:24 NKJV

Paul is speaking of what HE still is destined to fulfill in suffering for Christ's sake (see the link), that is, in "sharing in the sufferings of Christ" to which all mature believers are called to one degree or another.

But the Lord said to Ananias, “Go! This man is my chosen instrument to proclaim my name to the Gentiles and their kings and to the people of Israel. I will show him how much he must suffer for my name.”
Acts 9:15-16 NIV

It's important to remember that all the trials and tribulations that come to us as those who belong to Him are "nothing to be compared to the glories to come".

For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.
Romans 8:18 NKJV

Here's a link to where this passage is explained in more detail: "What is lacking?"

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #3: 

I hope you haven't given up on me, though it must be tempting sometimes.

Response #3:  

I haven't given up on you.

Today is posting day and it has been an incredibly difficult week and weekend wherein I have not even had all Saturday to devote to job #1. I hope to have time tomorrow to catch up on emails and plan to get back to you then.

I am keeping you and your family in my prayers.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #4:

Thank you Robert, you are a good friend. And a valued one.

The fact that I didn't struggle and gave in, willingly, to those sins (which is what John says about believers being unable to practice sin, which I did, all the while going on my way and not feeling guilty)

All the passages about branches not bearing fruit and being cut off and burned and trees being withered or uprooted... I worry about what those passages are saying to me. And then I wonder if I don't have confidence of those sins being forgiven because God is keeping me from having that because those ones aren't. Isn't saving faith trusting Jesus for the forgiveness of all your sins? But I'm unsure if God is willing to forgive those committed again, wilfully after knowing and sitting in them. Again. Did I have an unpardonable attitude God is unwilling to forgive?

I don't know how to find the confidence of those sins being forgiven

I really truly want to know the Lord, and to walk closely with Him and to exercise true repentance every day. I want to love Him with all my heart, mind, soul and strength and know His forgiveness. More than anything.

But I'm really unsure if He hasn't turned His face away from me for good. I really am sorry to God for what I've done, for the sins committed. It was incredibly stupid and careless of me to 'neglect so great a salvation'. Now I fear its too late as even when I read the Bible with hope, the warning and condemning passages cause unsureness or doubt in me. And God hates doubt. It's really hard and I don't know how to get to where I wish and pray I could be. It's not that I don't believe He is willing to forgive me for that, I'm just unsure.

Also, does that make me an unbeliever?

Or unsaved, having faith but lacking saving faith?

You must cringe when you see an email from me.

Response #4: 

Again, sorry for the delay. Not only was it posting day yesterday but I am under heavy pressure here. Thanks for prayer and for patience with me in being more than a little oblique. Things are in flux. Should know by the end of this week or next whether things will resolve – and I will let you know about that. Did get some encouraging news today, so thank you! Just not "out of the woods" quite yet.

As to 1st John, as one of my seminary professors correctly explained to us one time, this epistle gives the "Christian job description" in certain places: Christians don't sin (that is, they SHOULD not). But that the position that John is saying that anyone who sins is not a Christian is ludicrous is very clear. If that were so, why would John be the one – in the same letter – to tell us that we should confess our sins and that if say we don't have sins to confess that we are making God out to be a liar (1Jn.1:8-10)? Why would he say the following?

My dear children, I write this to you so that you will not sin. But if anybody does sin, we have an advocate with the Father—Jesus Christ, the Righteous One.
1st John 2:1 NIV

So we should NOT sin; but since we DO sin, we need to confess (1Jn.1:9), and we can take comfort in the fact that the dear Lord who loves us and bought us free from the bondage of sin with His own blood, His death on the cross for us, is our Advocate when and if we do sin.

As to branches being cut off in John chapter 15, believers who turn away from Christ by reverting to being unbelievers are of course cut off. That is apostasy. The complete death of any spark of faith. In such cases there is no "once saved, always saved". You have to preserve your faith intact until the end for salvation. You have to keep believing in Christ. That is what a believer is in the NT, someone who "is believing" in Christ – not someone who once did but now does not (Lk.8:13). Here is Paul explaining precisely what this means:

(19) Now someone may say "Branches have been broken off for me to be grafted in." True enough. (20) They were broken off because of their unbelief, and you stand secure because of your faith. But do not think arrogant thoughts. Rather, have a care. (21) For if God did not spare the natural branches, He will not spare you either. (22) So consider God's mercy and severity. For He is severe towards those who have fallen away, but merciful towards you – if, that is, you continue in that mercy (i.e., continue to belong to Him as a believer). (23) And if they do not continue in their unbelief, they will be grafted back in. For God is able to graft them back in again.
Romans 11:19-23

So it is faith, belief, which is the measure of who belongs to Him and who does not.

As to "faith but not saving faith" . . . there is no such thing. Do you believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that He died for you? If so, then you are a believer. Look, David murdered and committed adultery . . . but was still a believer. Peter denied the Lord three times publicly . . . but was still a believer. Scripture from start to finish is filled with examples of believers making bad mistakes . . . but they don't lose their salvation because of sins, even egregious ones. How is salvation lost? It is only lost if a person STOPS being a believer. The test of that is whether or not a person believes in Jesus Christ. People who were believers do in fact sometimes get to the point where they no longer believe. How does that happen? Various ways. Often people blame God for bad things that happen in their lives and are tricked by the evil one into "believing" that He doesn't exist and that Jesus is not who He says He is. This is the seed that falls on the rocky ground which wilts and DIES under pressure (the plant sprung from the seed represents faith). There are plenty of faith plants that get choked by the temptations of this world and the result is a lack of production which means little to no reward – but they are still saved because the plant – faith – does not die.

What is the role of sin? Sin is being disobedient to God and it's difficult to turn your back on Him and ignore Him so as to do what you want and reject what He wants without damaging one's faith. But God has provided a solution. Jesus died for ALL sin so that ALL sin and unrighteousness is forgiven believers when we confess (1Jn.1:9).

The test of still being a believer and of being forgiven is NOT how we are feeling emotionally at any given moment. Growing, mature believers learn to listen to the Spirit and to the truth they have learned and NOT to their feelings – which may be upset for all manner of reasons, not the least of which is the evil one prodding them with guilt about the past.

Believers who are stuck in a cycle of walk, fall, drift, walk, fall again of course have a hard time. Any child will skin its knees when it falls and if it is skinning those knees before they've even had a chance to heal they will be in some serious pain – but that doesn't make them NOT your child. For our children to become NOT our children would require such a violent and horrific rejection of us that we don't even want to contemplate it. That is what being a child of God is like as well.

Simply put: if you were no longer a believer you would no longer care about God or about salvation or about Jesus Christ . . . and there is no way you would be writing me emails about this (or about anything else).

By the way, the recent posting this week is about this issue in part (and there is plenty more where this came from at Ichthys if you check through the previous postings).

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #5: 

Just wanted to let you know how much I appreciate you and your work. I think of you often and refer your work to others frequently. I just keep reading slowly through your two part series because it helps me to keep things in perspective in the midst of a confused world both inside and outside of the church.

May the Lord Jesus keep you and bless you always,

Response #5:  

Thanks so much for this, my friend!

"Confused" is putting it mildly! But we keep our eyes on the Lord.

Hope to have part/chapter three of Hebrews out sometime early this summer [n.b.: chapter seven now available at the link; link to the Hebrews main page].

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #6: 

Dear Bob,

I've been reading the section of your site, "The Study of the Bible", and one question has been coming to mind. I haven't fully explored the site, but I wanted to ask which version of the bible you recommend? Up until this point, I've been reading the King James Version, which is fine, but I did want to eventually read from one that didn't include things such as any of the longer endings of Mark, for example. Which version do you think is the most helpful here?

Response #6: 

I'll give you some links to where you can find my comments on various versions and their "pluses and minuses".

KJV is a wonderful version, but the language is challenging for modern readers (regardless of the sub-version of the KJV we're talking about), and it does include most of the major false interpolations (see the link). But it's not as if we have to choose. I make use of a number of different versions and I encourage readers to do the same, consulting multiple translations especially when you come across something that seems problematic to you (because it might be the result of a rendering unique to the version you're reading).

Here are those links:

Version strengths and weaknesses (in RB)

The Translations (in BB 7)

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #7: 

Hello Dr. Luginbill,

The fact of English words that are used in the past tense does sometimes, not seem to me to be appropriate to the subject being addressed.

Such as in Genesis 1 verse 1 and John 1 verse 1:

"In he beginning" in both of these passages, in addition to word "was".

I know what they mean from the study I have done, but someone who is a baby Christian perhaps will wonder about these words.

Perhaps it is the English language that has difficulty with being translated from Hebrew or Greek, with the failure sometimes of the English not having anything that can really express what the foreign language is really saying.

I know this is true due to my knowledge of German from my spouse. Languages have always fascinated me, especially the etymology of the words that are used.

For example: in the last part of John 1:1, it says: "and the Word was God", using "was" as in the past tense. Why not say "is" in the present tense.

In other parts of Scripture, the translators use "man", where person would be a better word to use.

I have the habit of reading and looking at every single word, I never skip over anything because I am used to doing that all my life.

Oh well, I guess it is just me, but I know there is an answer for this. I think I have perhaps missed my calling, which is being an etymologist, which is what I really should have gone into, because I love it. but.....

Can you provide an explanation to this dilemma, for I know you have the answer.

Blessings to you always,

Your curious friend,
P.S. Please pray for my Granddaughter as she has contracted Covid, but is doing okay. Would much appreciate.

Response #7:  

If by "dilemma" you mean translation, that is an art as well as a science. There is a Latin proverb, translatores tradiutores, meaning "translators are traitors" – because no translation can hope to do justice to a work of art, and all translations are by nature flawed. What seems a good translation to me might not to you, and in any case it is NOT what the original says . . . because it is a translation, not the original.

Anyone who knows another language well understands that this will always be the case, but sadly most American Christians know nothing but English and have the warped idea that rendering Hebrew and Greek into English is a matter of a mere mechanical process. In fact, of course, a person needs 1) to understand Hebrew and Greek (and Aramaic in places) perfectly (and no one is perfect); and, critically, 2) to understand the meaning of the text being translated perfectly (whereas most translators who are skilled in their craft don't know nearly as much about the truth of scripture as you do, e.g.). Add to this the fact that our language and culture is currently and ever in flux – and more so every day, given technology and the sad state of our culture. The way I would have rendered things forty years ago is not how I would do so today in order to effectively communicate what is in the text – even assuming my own knowledge as static (which blessedly is not the case).

So the bottom line is that we do the best we can 1) to understand what the Bible is actually saying, and 2) to communicate that to those willing to learn, through translation, paraphrase, detailed explanations and general teaching – whatever it takes. There is no unyielding system or methodology other than listening to the Spirit and putting our effort and tools to work diligently and as best we can.

I have two email postings series which deal with these issues. Here are the links to the most recent of each (you can work backwards from there if so interested):

Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations XII

Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading VII

If you'd like to discuss some of these passages further, I'm happy to do so.

In Jesus,

Bob L.
*p.s., I pray for your grandchildren daily; I have said a prayer on this request now too.

Question #8: 

Hello professor,

Is it correct to say that we do not know when the Bible stopped being read to the common person in a language they spoke? It was probably after the 9th century, so that it may have been 200-900 years, but we don't know?


Response #8: 

I'm not sure we can say anything like this definitively because 1) Greeks have always been able to understand it, more or less (the Greek Orthodox church still uses THE Greek NT as its Bible); 2) there were many translations throughout the world in antiquity and it would depend on, say, whether or not, just for example, the Armenian version ever became non-understandable to Armenians (and if so, when).

If we are talking about Roman Catholicism, the era of Sardis when that church died spiritually entirely corresponds to the 12th century. For many European countries there weren't translations from the Latin version in many cases, but, for example, the Gothic Bible dates to the 6th century. I'm not certain when Gothic stopped being a living language.

One would hope that before the western church died that there were individuals teaching the Word (we know about some of this); if so, no doubt they were explaining / translating individual passages (that seems certain inasmuch as there was and remains a great deal of "cultural Christian knowledge" abroad even among unbelievers).

So it's a language by language situation, and we probably can't recover more than a minuscule part of what we'd need to know to answer this question with authority. Might make a good Ph.D. thesis though!

What we can also say is that God has never allowed desire for the truth by any of His children to go unsatisfied.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #9: 

Hello Dr. Luginbill,

I am preparing a study on Abraham, and I have a question on this verse.

So He said to him, “Bring Me a three-year-old heifer, a three-year-old female goat, a three-year-old ram, a turtledove, and a young pigeon.”
Genesis 15:9 NKJV

What is the reason that the heifer, female goat and ram, had to be three-years old?

I have an idea, but not sure if that is correct: Does the three-years of age indicate their strength or length of the covenant that God made with Abram?

Thanks always for your responses, they help me tremendously.

May God's blessing be with you always,

Your Friend,

Response #9:  

Sacrifices under the Law were frequently of "one year old" lambs and etc. This is the only place where anything "three years old" is sacrificed (pace commentators who want to make the three bulls at 1Sam.1:24 one three year old bull – that is NOT what the text there says). This word, the pual participle of the verb meaning "to triple" ought to mean "tripled" or "made three-fold"; that is what it means elsewhere. According to Leupold in Expositions of Genesis, the Targums have "three of each" instead of "three years old". That is what I get from the Hebrew as well, i.e., "a triple number of heifers, female goats, and rams".

In any case, whether we have three of each of three types or one of each of three types three years old, the repetition of the number three is what is significant. To me, this speaks in the broadest terms of the Trinity, yet another sign that there were plenty of indications of the three-fold Persons of the Godhead from the earliest times.

I would be interested in hearing what you've come up with on this. There are a great number of details in this chapter which are not so easy to interpret. When it comes to all such symbolism, my policy has been to be dogmatic only about things which are absolutely clear, and to embrace symbolism which accords with truths which are clearly taught elsewhere.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #10: 

I am glad to share my strategy with you.

When I first looked at Genesis 15 verse 8, and saw the 3 years old for each of the animals, the thought crossed my mind, is this speaking of the Trinity, but then I thought that I would ask you to make sure.

Here is what I did for this particular passage of Genesis 15:8,

I connected the sacrifice of each animal and the pigeon and turtledove with the following scriptures, because I remembered them having read about the sacrifices before.

Genesis 15:8:21 to Luke 1:26-34 and Luke 2:23-24.

Genesis 15:8 to Psalm 50:5, and Psalm 50:22-23.

Genesis 15:9 to Leviticus 5, 7 and Lev. 8:18-23 and Lev. 8:23-24; and Lev. 9:1-8; Lev. 4:28 and Lev. 5:6.

Genesis 15:13 to Exodus 3:7-9; and Acts 7:6-7.

Genesis 15:14 to Exodus 14:19-20, and Exodus 14:22-25; and Exodus 12:33-36.

As to laying the pieces on the altar, I thought about the fact that God is extremely orderly in all things, thus the placement of the sacrifice.

I hope my strategy is correct; I thought about this for quite a while prior to making a decision I thought was correct.

Your comments would be extremely helpful, and yes it took some praying and thinking before.

Many blessings to you,

Your friend,

Response #10: 

These are great parallels, my friend!

I do think this is one of the main points behind animal and other sacrifices generally, namely, to teach us about the sacrifice of Christ, and so to connect up everything that was done under the Law to the grace of God – similar to remembering our Lord today in eating and drinking (communion).

Have you got a new group to teach there now again?

Keeping you and your wife in my prayers, my friend.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #11: 

Hello Dr. Luginbill,

Many thanks for your concurrence with my strategy.

I revelation this morning as I was studying Genesis 17:9, and the Light in me went on, so to speak, that I realized the this verse explains the reason why Abraham knew that even if he sacrificed Isaac as The LORD told Him, he knew according to this verse, that God would restore Isaac again. I never saw that before until today. God is sooooo amazing.

Well, I have not had the opportunity to teach another group yet, but I have been praying that if it is God's will and plan, He will provide the group or tell me how to go about it, I am sure.

I have no real desire to get involved with another "church", for I have had too many back experiences and accusations that were untrue thrown at me.

Besides that, most of them preach, and do not teach, and some of what they try to teach is certainly unbiblical in a number of areas of God's Word.

I do have a burning desire to teach, but as yet, no door has been opened.

I had a brother in the LORD tell me to get involved in a Church and make friends, but it's the same old stuff again that I don't want to encounter again.


I wait.

Many thanks again for your excellent help as always,

Please pray that God will open a door for me to teach, for I have a burning desire to do so, for His glory.

Many Blessings to you always,

Your friend,

Response #11:  

Indeed! We should all make the same deduction Abraham did: if God promised it, then it will happen, so we have nothing to worry about. In fact, in Hebrews it reminds us that the Lord not only promised it but strengthened that promise with an oath, so that "by two unchangeable things in which it is impossible for God to lie, we who have fled to take hold of the hope set before us may be greatly encouraged" (Heb.6:18 NIV).

OK, I'll be keeping that in prayer. You have a LOT to offer, my friend. Here's hoping (and praying) that the Lord will provide some ready ears for you soon. Meantime, you are demonstrating your faithfulness by preparing – as well as by refusing to compromise.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #12: 

Hi Bob,

I'm writing some stuff about Romans 1 at the moment, and have a question about interpretation.

I started off explaining "the due penalty for their error" in Romans 1:27 simply as death, since death is the consequence of sin (Romans 6:23a, James 1:15, etc.). Physical death, spiritual death, eternal/second death, and so on.

However, in reading and re-reading the passage, I started wondering if maybe some of the English versions are too interpretive in their translation:

Romans 1:27, NLT
And the men, instead of having normal sexual relations with women, burned with lust for each other. Men did shameful things with other men, and as a result of this sin, they suffered within themselves the penalty they deserved.

This translation forces the interpretation that the penalty is for the homosexuality rather than the homosexuality itself being the penalty for the idolatry mentioned earlier in the passage. It seems to me like verse 24 is basically saying that God giving them over to the shameful behavior of the homosexuality is itself the "τὴν ἀντιμισθιαν ἣν ἔδει της πλανης αὐτν ἐν ἑαυτοις ἀπολαμβανοντες" in verse 27, making the penalty then a consequence ultimately of the idolatry not the homosexuality? Perhaps the "within themselves" (ἐν ἑαυτοις) bit might then also tie in with the "whoever sins sexually, sins against their own body" bit of 1 Corinthians 6:18?

Or is the NLT's way of taking it actually what is correct? What do you think?

In Him,

Response #12: 

In the same way the men also abandoned natural relations with women and were inflamed with lust for one another. Men committed shameful acts with other men, and received in themselves the due penalty for their error.
Romans 1:27 NIV

If I'm reading your email correctly, the question is what is the "error" because the penalty derives from the error. If the error is the original error of unbelief and idolatry, then the shame of such behavior is the penalty; otherwise, the penalty is not specified but can be understood as cursing in time (and then the eventuality which faces all unbelievers).

I'm not sure it's necessary to choose between the two. That is to say, both can be true at the same time and the language admits of that: these individuals suffer from being drawn into this destructive behavior in the first place and suffer as well from the cursing such behavior engenders.

NLT is a highly interpretative translation and clearly wants to take it the second way and not the first. KJV, on the other hand, and many other versions leave it more ambiguous – which I think is proper here.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #13: 

Hi Bob,

I suppose, upon reflection, that I perhaps should have phrased it as a twofold question:

1) What is the error?
2) What is the penalty?

As far as I can see, none of the main translations except the NLT explicitly identify the error, but instead leave it ambiguous, as it is in the Greek. For example: https://biblehub.com/romans/1-27.htm

Additionally, none of the translations specifically identify what the penalty for the error is (that is, make it so it could only be taken as one thing), leaving that ambiguous in its specifics as well. What I mean by "ambiguous" in both these cases is that the text does not "force" a single point of view; multiple interpretations could be made to work textually, even if only one of them is correct. That makes this a matter of interpretation rather than a matter of simple translation.

My initial confusion stemmed from wondering "well, which way ought we take it?" I first pulled up the comparison of versions, wherein I came across the NLT, which makes that interpretive leap (i.e., identifies the error in view specifically as homosexuality). Since I couldn't find anything on Ichthys hitting this specifically, I then did a general internet search for what other people thought the "error" and the "penalty" were here.

For example, a couple answers on a StackExchange question take things as the error being idolatry and the penalty actually being the homosexuality itself:


I wasn't 100% convinced (I never lean on that site too much as a formal source, but do find it occasionally useful to see "what's out there"). And that's when I emailed you.


OK, so that's the background. Questions of clarification:

"If the error is the original error of unbelief and idolatry, then the shame of such behavior is the [You wrote] penalty; otherwise, the penalty is not specified but can be understood as cursing in time (and then the eventuality which faces all unbelievers)."

1) What is "such behavior" in what you write here? Idolatry? Homosexuality? Is the first if clause here saying "error = idolatry, penalty = shame of homosexuality"?

2) With regards to the "otherwise", if the error is not the original error of unbelief and idolatry, does that mean the otherwise = the error is homosexuality? Or is the otherwise just giving an alternate possibility for the penalty, not the error?

"I'm not sure it's necessary to choose between the two. That is to say, both can be true at the same time and the language admits of that: these individuals suffer from being drawn into this destructive behavior in the first place and suffer as well from the cursing such behavior engenders."

3) What are the "two things" exactly? As in, in terms of what we are taking the error and penalty as in either of the two?

4) "They suffer from being drawn into this destructive behavior in the first place and suffer to from the cursing such behavior engenders" -- this is saying that the penalty can be both them getting drawn into the homosexuality to begin with, and also the cursing that such behavior causes? Would we then say that both errors are in view too: that the idolatry leads to God giving them over to the shameful behavior of homosexuality, which further leads to additional cursing on account of this new round of sinful actions? This would be akin to the virtuous cycle of spiritual growth, but the opposite?

5) I guess I'd never thought about it much before, but I suppose sometimes the right answer in interpretation is not an "exclusive or", but a "both/and". So then to word things that way, are you saying that the clause "receiving in themselves the due penalty for their error" is serving to speak to "all of the above" = because of their idolatry, God gave them over to homosexuality (verse 24 and 26a); but also because of that shameful behavior of homosexuality, additional cursing too will follow?

Sorry to make this so verbose.

In Him,

Response #13:  

To the extent that the error is "suppressing the truth" (Rom.1:18), the penalty is "handing them over to a reprobate mind" (Rom.1:28); to the extent that the error is specifically "abandoning natural relations", then the penalty is the natural results of such degrading behavior.

So I think what you say in #5 is correct and as close as we can come to parsing this out without committing to an interpretation which is wrong by way of unwarranted exclusivity.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #14:

Hello Bob,

I want to ask a quick question, as I don't know who to ask.

In Hebrews 6:6 the “crucifying afresh” participle appears to be circumstantial, but i read that if it were accusative (which blue letter Bible says it is), the gender would have to be neuter (which blue letter Bible says its not).

Im just trying to clarify something in my head without getting into doctrine. As i dont know Greek im going off of the info available to me.

Hopefully you don't mind just clarifying that grammatically.

Thank you.

Response #14: 

Good to hear from you.

Yes, the participle I do take as circumstantial and in particular as temporal: "as long as [you] are crucifying . . . ".

This is an accusative plural masculine participle agreeing with the other participle and forming the subject of the infinitive (where the rule is for the subject of the inf. to be acc.). So no complicated or confusing or unusual grammar here.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #15: 

Thank you so much Bob.

The “rule” of the subject being infinitive is what i was referring to…so what would be the infinitive subject i guess is my question?

Because I saw it stated that: ACCUSATIVE -“it is found when the verb in which the participle belongs is impersonal or so used, or when it is an impersonal expression; in this case the subject of the participle is usually an infinitive, as it would be if an impersonal verb in some finite mood was used. This kind of participle is always put in the neuter gender, modifying a neuter noun, as an infinitive really is.”

But the “crucifying afresh” participle is not neuter, but masculine, so that made it seem like the rule doesn't work?

In Jesus,

Response #15:  

There are dozens of reasons why something might be in the accusative case (depending on how any particular grammar classifies the actual linguistic uses: formal grammars describe language, they don't dictate it).

The participles are accusative masculine and they agree with the understood subject which in this case is both "people generally" who do what is described starting in verse four . . . and by implication "YOU" recipients of the letter to the Hebrews.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #16: 

Hello Bob,

Got it. I asked only because i read that that was the rule for a circumstantial participle in a “absolute construction subtype”, perhaps this is not an absolute construction?

As I studied more on how this works in Greek I realized that a participle cant be the main verb, so the infinitive “renew again” is the main verb.

That said, since a “circumstantial participle” modifies a noun, and an infinitive verb acts as a noun, does that mean that “renew again” is the noun?

Also, since a present participle happens in time coinciding with the main verb “renew again”, and “renew again” is already modified by the aorist participle “fall away”, does that mean that the participle “crucifying afresh” also has to occur during “fall away” even though “fall away” seems to be a separate clause from the main verb?

And if not what is the relationship of the 2 participles in relation to the infinitive?

I hope these questions arent annoying, I'm happy to have someone to ask.

In Jesus,

Response #16: 

The accusative absolute is not terribly uncommon in Classical Greek, but it doesn't occur in the New Testament.

The main verb in Hebrews 6:4-6 is an understood "is" (estin) coupled with "impossible" (adynaton). As with many languages, Greek has supplementary infinitives, so that the standard translation "impossible to renew" is exactly parallel in English and Greek.

Re: "a “circumstantial participle” modifies a noun". That is not their function, but circ. ptcps. always have some substantive in mind, expressed or not expressed. Example, "being brilliant" in English would only betray its attribution by being next to the person/persons or thing that "is brilliant" (i.e., "Fred, being brilliant, got a perfect score" – it's only the position that we understand that it's Fred, not the score, that's brilliant), but in Greek we have case, gender and number so that there is never any doubt about the attribution, and that is why Greek can use these sorts of participial phrases EVERYWHERE (though they are rare in English).

Re: "an infinitive verb acts as a noun". Infinitives ARE verbal nouns but they do not "act as nouns"; they act as infinitives, mostly just as in English (in the NT; in Classical Greek there are some different usages, but that would not apply here in any case).

Re: "what is the relationship of the 2 participles in relation to the infinitive?" The aorist one lays the predicate, the present one gives the continuing circumstances. In other words, "If X has happened (aor. ptcp.), it is impossible for Y to happen (inf.), while Z is still happening (pres. ptcp.). The translation makes this clear:

(4) For, in the case of those who have once been enlightened, and who have experienced the heavenly gift and become partakers of the Holy Spirit, (5) and who have experienced that the Word of God is good, and [who have experienced] miracles foreshadowing the age to come, (6) it is impossible to restore them to [true] repentance after having fallen away [into sin] as long as they keep crucifying the Son of God afresh and exposing Him to open shame.
Hebrews 6:4-6

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #17: 

Hello Bob,

Thanks for the Greek lesson, and the patience. One last question:

Re: "what is the relationship of the 2 participles in relation to the infinitive?" The aorist one lays the predicate, the present one gives the continuing circumstances. In other words, "If X has happened (aor. ptcp.), it is impossible for Y to happen (inf.), while Z is still happening (pres. ptcp.)."

Being that X and Z both modify the main verb being participles, can Z be grammatically simultaneously with X, or do these have to be grammatically separate in function?

In other words, can participle Z (which modifies the main verb) modify main verb+participle X or main verb+participle X+infinitive as a whole?

Yet in other words, can the present part. give the circumstances of the aorist part.?

In Jesus,

Response #17:  

Re: "can the present part. give the circumstances of the aorist part?" Each circumstantial participle "colors" the main predicate to which it is attached. Thus both of these participles provide circumstantial information to the "It is impossible to renew", not to each other separately. When, is it impossible to renew? IF 1) falling backwards has already happened; and 2) WHILE they are STILL "crucifying Christ anew".

In other words, these believers were out of line. Their wrong behavior had set them on a slippery slope putting them out of fellowship with God (aorist ptcp.), and there would be no getting back into His good graces . . . unless they FIRST stopped engaging in their horribly wrong conduct which they were still perpetrating (present ptcp.).

That certainly makes sense. You can't confess to the Lord your drunkenness while you are in the process of taking another swig and have the intention of continuing . . . not and expect to be taken seriously.

This passage is now covered in full at the link: Hebrews Chapter Six: Verses Four through Eight

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #18: 

"You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, ‘You shall not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.’ But I tell you that anyone who is angry with a brother or sister will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to a brother or sister, ‘Raca,’ is answerable to the court. And anyone who says, ‘You fool!’ will be in danger of the fire of hell. Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother or sister has something against you, leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go and be reconciled to them; then come and offer your gift."
Matthew 5:21-24 NIV

I'm not bring up reconciliation again, just using this as an example when asking about the Law and the spirit of the Law.

Jesus points out that the spirit of the Law Thou shalt not kill, is not to allow anger to fester and hateful outbursts.

He gives in his response "But I say....." a negative whoever is angry....etc and a positive "...be reconciled"

Given Jesus explained the spirit of the command not to kill, can Jesus to go and be reconciled also spiritualized depending on the situation.

For example, you want to apologise to X but you suspect that to do so would result in a negative response, the person may hate you, or swear or something else, use the police for the wrong reasons. So, could it be argued the spirit of the command to be reconciled, would not to do that if it would have the opposite results, and how can we be sure our judgement even after prayer and discernment would be correct?

Happy New Year

God Bless

Response #18: 

When our Lord says "leave your gift at the altar", clearly, there is no longer any altar and there are no longer any sacrifices (gifts) being placed at any altar. Therefore that part of His words certainly have to be understood to apply to us today in a not completely literal way. I would take that part to mean something like "don't be singing hymns in church if you have unfinished business of a spiritual nature which is more important". If that unfinished business is something you should have done for a fellow believer but have not yet done, then accomplishing the unfinished business is more important.

Our Lord's exact words on that score at Matthew 5:23-24 are general in any case, so of course we do have to apply spiritual discernment. Example A: twenty five years ago I didn't say hello to someone I passed in the street; application: forget that , let it go, confess it to the Lord if you think sin was involved. Example B: two weeks ago a fellow Christian loaned me $500 so I could pay my utility bill and not freeze to death, doing so on the understanding that I would pay him back after payday which was two days away, but I still haven't done it; application: you should pay up ASAP.

In my view, it's all very much a question 1) what we are talking about in terms of debt (i.e., the thing your "brother has against you"); 2) who we are talking about; 3) when it happened; 4) all other pertinent circumstances. The principle is pretty clear, but the application of it cannot be reduced to a calculus. Each Christian is responsible to the Lord as to how he/she carries it out in any given situation.

*The main point our Lord is making with these two verses is not even about reconciliation but instead it is about avoiding hypocrisy; that is, thinking that going through the motions of religious ritual is more important than acting in a godly and righteous way. So this passage is all about avoiding legalism and instead being genuinely righteous instead of outwardly righteous. So we really need to avoid submitting this passage to rule-making since that is exactly the opposite of what our Lord is telling us to do here.

As to the other passage where our Lord equates anger with murder, I understand this in a similar way to that above. That is to say, it's all well and good not to murder, but if a person is harboring murder in his/her heart then they are not clean and pure before God just because they haven't actually physically murdered someone (yet). Again, this has to be understood in the context of the legalism of the time wherein the Pharisees in particular were all about outward appearances, appearing righteous, while inside they were like the insides of whitewashed tombs, filled with all manner of uncleanness. That is hypocrisy which is the handmaiden of legalism.

In terms of your last question, I would certainly agree that we need to use discernment in applying commands such as the one to be reconciled because there are many "moving parts" both in the original situation and in any attempts to reconcile – and doing anything ungodly or anything that will not produce peace in fact (which is the whole objective of any reconciliation) should be avoided at all costs.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #19: 


I have a couple questions on John 3 if you don't mind.

I've read on the site that you view Nicodemus as trying to flatter Jesus in v.2. I totally agree with that.

One of my questions is, do you think Nicodemus is trying to play stupid in v.4, because the question itself is rather dumb. I'm just not sure exactly why he'd play dumb. Maybe he's embarrassed that Jesus basically put him down in v.3 and so he asks a stupid question out of desperation?

Further, could you also explain v.5-7, especially in the context of why Nicodemus asked that question. Like, why does He respond to the question with "you must be born of water and Spirit...to enter the KOG"?

Also, do you view John 4:46-54 to be a positive or negative example of faith? Jesus clearly is not happy with the man (v.48), but then it says that the man and his household believed (v.53). Jesus doesn't exactly give him what he wants when he heals the child without seeing him, but the officer believes the statement. What do you think?

Thanks a lot

Response #19:  

On "playing stupid", I wouldn't put it that way. The sort of argumentation Nicodemus engages in with our Lord was typical and remains typical of Talmudic analysis, so I think Nicodemus was responding as many a Yeshiva student might even today. Also, the word translated "again" is the Greek anothen and equally means "from above" as well as "again". This conversation may well have taken place in Greek (since that was the lingua franca of the time); if so, the ambiguity of also meaning "from above" (i.e., through divine agency) might have been lost on him. Because, after all, being "born again" is only possible because we are born through God's agency, the agency of the Holy Spirit – just as our Lord says in context: "So it is with everyone born of the Spirit." (Jn.3:8; see the link).

On why our Lord answers as He answers, our Lord frequently answered what needed to be said rather than giving direct answers which specifically matched the questions asked. Nicodemus needed to know how to be born again/from above, how to be saved. There was no spiritual point in our Lord playing this debating game with him, so He cuts right to the chase, so to speak.

As to faith or no faith in the John 4 narrative, I think you have it right. What we have is not an example of "great faith" but "sufficient faith" for our Lord to respond as He did for this man. For a very similar situation see the pericope of the healing of the boy at Matt.17:14–21; Mk.9:14-29; Luke 9:37–42 .

Wishing you a very merry Christmas, my friend!

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #20: 


Okay, I have a couple more questions actually.

"Very truly I tell you, a time is coming and has now come when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God and those who hear will live. For as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have life in himself. And he has given him authority to judge because he is the Son of Man. Do not be amazed at this, for a time is coming when all who are in their graves will hear his voice and come out—those who have done what is good will rise to live, and those who have done what is evil will rise to be condemned. By myself I can do nothing; I judge only as I hear, and my judgment is just, for I seek not to please myself but him who sent me. If I testify about myself, my testimony is not true. There is another who testifies in my favor, and I know that his testimony about me is true."
John 5:25-32 NIV

In 5:25, do you think the "dead" refers to the physically dead or spiritually dead (but alive), or both? The "and now is" in the verse makes it seems like it's regeneration (so spiritual rebirth) at present, but the "an hour is coming" seems to refer to the resurrection, especially because v.27 talks about judgment.

With v.28, Jesus is expecting a reaction from the Jews, that could be along the lines of, "what will happen to those that didn't know about the Son (Abraham, David, etc.)?" perhaps? Or maybe that's not really a reasonable implied reaction.

In 5:31-32, do you take Jesus' first statement to be affirming that He Himself can't testify to Himself, or do you think he's acknowledging what the Jews are probably thinking in that moment: kinda like, "If I alone testify about Myself, My testimony is not true (in your eyes)"?

Thanks a lot

Merry Christmas!

Response #20: 

On John 5:25, the "now is" bit is NOT part of scripture (it's an interpolation). Our Lord is talking about the resurrection – which, of course, will take place at different times for the saved and unsaved, but all in the future for both. Clearly then, physical death is what is solved by resurrection, but spiritual life – or death – is what determines which resurrection a person will be a part of. This is all explained in more detail later by our Lord in vv.28-29. The reaction desired is saving faith as a response to these truths.

On John 5:31ff., our Lord is refuting the claim of the Pharisees et al. that He is not to be believed because His testimony is not true; that might be the case, our Lord's words imply, IF it were only Him talking. As it is, the Father has testified on His behalf through the unprecedented miracles our Lord was given to perform (and also occasionally audibly: Jn.12:29). And John likewise testified that Jesus was the Messiah (and John was held as a prophet by all, even by these unbelievers if only to avoid giving offense).

Merry Christmas and a happy 2023, my friend!

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #21: 


Okay, let me clarify a little bit. If "and now is" isn't in the text, then the "dead" in v.25 must refer to physically dead believers, correct? Also, it probably doesn't refer to then alive unbelievers who convert, because the "hour is coming"? That would seem to contradict the implication in the previous verse that the time to believe Jesus is now, not at a coming hour.

With v.31, I think I understand. But could you take it to be "If I testify of Myself, [you wouldn't regard my testimony as legitimate]"? Maybe that's why he referenced the Father and John? That would make sense, because later on he could basically be saying, "Even if I am testifying about Myself, My testimony is true [nonetheless]" (8:14).

Also, sorry, one more question. In 12:12-16, how exactly do His followers know and think that his moment to establish Himself as king had come, especially considering His disciples did not understand (v.16)? Why wouldn't they have done this the previous two (or three?) times he was in Jerusalem? Do you think there is sort of an apotheosis here with His many miracles and having just raised Lazarus from the dead? Maybe his followers are picking up more and more about who Jesus is as time continues?

Actually, I do think that it's maybe a climax after Lazarus' resurrection, as v.17 suggests that a lot of His followers testified about His raising Lazarus from the dead. Aside from the disciples lack of faith, do you think that this passage shows that this following did indeed believe He was the Messiah, or would you still say that there was superficial or lacking faith?
Let me know about this

Thanks for your responses.

Response #21:  

1) John 5:25 is referring to the resurrection but from a foreshortened perspective which blends all echelons of the resurrection into one just as Daniel 12:2 does (this is typical of prophecy; see the link). In other words, our Lord is saying that all will be resurrected in the future, but not all will enter into life, only believers. So this applies to all humanity, those already deceased at that point, those currently alive, and those not born yet. It's a universal principle: there is a resurrection of the spiritually living and the spiritually dead. Better by far to be part of that "first resurrection" (Rev.20:5-6). We happen to know from the further information given by the Spirit to the apostles later on that the first resurrection has three phases: "Christ, the firstfruits [accomplished]; then, when he comes, those who belong to him [the Church]; Then the end will come [millennial believers; followed by the resurrection of all the spiritually dead]" (1Cor.15:23-24).

2) That is the way I understand it (if I'm understanding you correctly).

3) This was, of course, not the moment for the establishment of the kingdom – that will only happen at the second advent. But the majority of contemporary Jews wanted the crown of the Messiah without the cross. They didn't accept the necessity of the Messiah to die for the sins of the world, having turned a blind eye to the truth and being interested only instead in what they wanted God to do for them (not what they needed God to do for them). Cf.:

The crowd spoke up, “We have heard from the Law that the Messiah will remain forever, so how can you say, ‘The Son of Man must be lifted up'? Who is this ‘Son of Man'?”
John 12:34 NIV

I don't see much evidence of "learning" . . . not much even from the twelve at this point (only eleven of whom were believers). The gospel of John in particular does make it clear that the two exceptional miracles of raising Lazarus and opening the eyes of the man blind from birth were catalysts both of the crowd's enthusiastic reception of our Lord and the coming to a head of the opposition against Him from the rulers. And, after all, this same crowd would be calling for His crucifixion a few days later.

So whatever they thought, their faith, if any existed, was shallow – like the seed planted on the rock that perishes with the first hot rays of the sun.

Wishing you a blessed 2023, my friend!

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #22: 


Thank you for the speedy response. How are you doing?

The past months have been a shift as I'm learning more how the Lord doesn't need me to self-engineer martyrdom. I need to trust Him, seek Him and His truth, believe it, and apply it.

I believe a misunderstanding on my part that complicated matters is " if it's sin to you, it's sin"; it's one thing if I, for example, believe (albeit wrongly) the Lord says we can't wear the color blue in His Word so I think it's a sin. It's another to know it doesn't say that or not believe that it does, but to just "feel" or "decide" it's wrong. That just seems a personal preference, though I don't know [yet] how to assert this Biblically.

Thank you so much for your ministry. It's exciting to come out from under limiting legalistic beliefs.

Response #22: 

It does my heart good to hear you making progress here, my friend!

In terms of James 4:17, "Therefore, to him who knows to do good and does not do it, to him it is sin" (NKJV), rightly understood, this is essentially what the Lord had also said:

"And that servant who knew his master’s will, and did not prepare himself or do according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes. But he who did not know, yet committed things deserving of stripes, shall be beaten with few. For everyone to whom much is given, from him much will be required; and to whom much has been committed, of him they will ask the more."
Luke 12:47-48 NKJV

In other words, James 4:17 doesn't mean "if you're not sure, then it's sin"; not at all. It means, "if you didn't know it was wrong, you have an excuse that mitigates the punishment, but if you DID know and did it anyway, then the Lord takes that into account in disciplining you". And of course we hasten to add that Jesus is our Advocate when we sin (1Jn.2:1-2), our High Priest to whom we can always go and receive forgiveness when we confess whatever we may have done (1Jn.1:9).

If you're thinking of Romans 14:23, that passage actually says something different, namely, that we need to act in faith and not do things we do not have the faith to do because of immaturity. So all this is really a mandate to grow and trust the Lord – exactly as you are doing.

By the way, if you haven't already seen it, I just posted the second installation of the Hebrews seriesHebrews chapter one  [chapter seven now available at the link].

In Jesus,

Bob L.

P.S.:  If you haven't noticed or already done so, please check out the list of wonderful ministry offerings on the Special Topics page, including Jordan Bomberger's new Bible teaching website: Bible Driven, Mike Ceja's new YouTube channel, "Everything is Fine", John Jackson's Hub pages (anyone with questions about the "church-visible" will find this helpful), the Expanded Index to Old Testament translations at Ichthys, Foundational Principles, by Odii Ariwodo, "The Peter series", Video presentations by Steven Tammen based on the SR series, and Steven's group studies of BB 6A (see also Steven's new website: BibleDocs).

*Special Prayer Request

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  • [1/13/24] Please pray for Emma's deliverance through severe testing. That she will overcome and strengthen her faith. Also please pray for help in establishing her ministry and gaining employment for material provision to support it. Also prayer for her unsaved family members in the Catholic Church. Please also pray for deliverance from severe peri-menopausal symptoms. Prayer currently needed for estrangement from sister..

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  • [1/13/24] For Emma's father Peter, for healing from arthritis, prostatitis and deliverance from a serious personality disorder. Please also pray for his salvation. Prayers for Emma's mother Judith, to give her the strength to cope with her husband's disorder and her salvation; update: 3/1/24: please prayer for Judith's swift healing from a chest infection; praise here!  Infection cleared up [3/25/24].

  • [1/13/24] Prayers please for Jeanette who is suffering from an eating disorder, severe menopausal symptoms and is in a coersively controlling relationship. Also prayers needful for her salvation.

  • For Matthias, for the deliverance of his children abducted overseas by his estranged wife.

  • For my friend Carmen who suffered a broken left arm (both bones, compound fracture of the ulna) and a broken back (two vertebrae fractured) [Carmen is out of her cast and brace and making progress; thank you for the prayers!]; for her boy Josh's recovery from alcoholism and for encouragement for him to turn to the Lord for help.
  • For Leigh's sister, for protection in and swift deliverance from a very dangerous domestic situation. Please also pray for her friend Michelle's healing from cancer.

  • For Tony, for healing from aggressive glaucoma.

  • [1/7/24] For Dawn's comfort on the recent loss of her daughter Daphne from chronic Lyme disease.  Please also pray for her granddaughter Fiona's salvation.

  • For Mewn, for healing.

  • For Jamie, for encouragement and support under pressure, and guidance in future ministry plans.

  • For Sylvia, for her strength and energy is supporting her grandchildren and great grandchild whose parents are unbelievers, and for her help in leading them all to the Lord.

  • For Carrie, recently diagnosed with cancer. She has three daughters. The family has already been through a lot, having lost their husband/father to cancer a few years ago. They are believers.

  • For Andrea's continuing progress in spiritual growth, for her daughter Juanita's salvation.

  • For Anna's brother who is in failing health, that he might be led to the Lord.

  • For our friend Yuhanna, for swift deliverance from his present situation [praise here - complete deliverance!].

  • For Ashley, for recovery of her health from a difficult to diagnose and serious condition [worsening with shortness of breath and tremors]; and for the salvation of her mother and her brother.

  • For Gill's sister, "for her continued recovery, as well as to demonstrate to the family the power of prayer and faith in Christ".

  • For our brother Abishai, for the restoration of his livelihood and reconciliation with family.  Please also pray for our brother's efforts to prepare for ministry.

  • For our friend Gaurav, for encouragement, health, and material deliverance. [n.b., Gaurav was the first one on this list years ago; he writes that he is still "hanging in" and staying faithful to the Lord, but he and his family are in greater material need than ever; please remember them in your prayers]; *please also pray for his health and his mother's health (she recently became blind in one eye from an infection and diabetes complications, neither of which have resolved as yet).
  • For David's wife who is entering hospice [*update: our friend's wife has gone to be with the Lord; please pray for his comfort].
  • For Abby for success and blessing in her new efforts in ministry, and for her cousin Danny's health. Please also pray for her health, strength and perseverance in stressful and challenging circumstances; please also pray for her mother's health.
  • For Ramsey, in his new position.

  • For the empowerment of our friend Curt's ministry.

  • For our friend John's family's deliverance from cult influence [praise for some good news here, but some members are still entrapped]. Please also pray for John's health and that of his wife as well.

  • For our friend Steve for strength, protection, providence and deliverance - more needful now than ever.
  • For Christian congregations being persecuted in Sri Lanka (please see the link).
  • For the healing from MS, blessing, encouragement and vindication of our brother, Nihal.  Please also protect him and his family and church family from the recent troubles in Sri Lanka.
  • For our friend Mike's encouragement and God's blessing on his livelihood to provide for his family.
  • For Helen's healing from cancer and for her comfort in the loss of her family members.
  • For Clyde's encouragement and deliverance in severe testing.
  • For Judah, for healing from brain trauma and other consequence of serious auto accidents.

  • For the salvation of Tom and his family.

  • For deliverance for John's friend from the JW heresy.
  • For our friend Anna and her family's comfort in the loss of her daughter, and for the comfort, encouragement and salvation of her two grandchildren.
  • For our friend Sheila's healing from the effects of a chronic condition.
  • For Leigh, for protection and deliverance from a dangerous neighbor, and for help in restoring her home and home situation.

  • [1/13/24] For Becca's mother, for healing from cancer, serious liver disease (requiring transplant which is not possible without recovery from the former), lung problems, and chronic pain (Update: she is on the list for transplant; please pray for a successful one ASAP).

  • For the salvation of John's two unbelieving sons.
  • For Charles' two granddaughters for their salvation and spiritual growth.
  • For Chris, for health concerns (memory and fatigue), and for blessing on his job.

  • *For Cary, for deliverance in persecution on the job for sticking up for the Lord and for the truth (special harassment for a Christian teacher in a state school where Mormons are in charge).
  • For Alex' and Chris' mother, for her salvation and the opening of her heart to the truth.
  • For Amber's continued spiritual growth and encouragement, and for her healing.  Please also pray for the salvation of her grandmother.
  • For Jeffery, for the salvation of his two sons.
  • For Kamil, a new believer, who has been unjustly accused because of his family's political activities.
  • For the spiritual growth and encouragement of Max and his family.
  • For Sam, for help and support and encouragement in moving away from a legalistic and controlling environment in order to seek and serve the Lord in a godly way.

  • For Lucille, for complete recovery from "long Covid", along with lung and heart problems related thereto.

  • More E-mails:       Complete archive of previous emails:  Ichthys' Emails

    Eschatology Issues CXXV

    Sin, Guilt, and Salvation VI

    Eschatology Issues CXXIV

    Church History IV

    Eschatology Issues CXXIII

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry VI

    Cults and Christianity XVI

    Believers in the World XIII

    Eschatology Issues CXXII

    Eschatology Issues CXXI

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions VII

    Gospel Questions XVIII

    Baptism: Water and Spirit XII

    Culture and Christianity XXVI

    Eschatology Issues CXX

    Eschatology Issues CXIX

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief IX

    Eschatology Issues CXVIII

    Marriage and the Bible XIII

    Christology Questions XIII

    Eschatology Issues CXVII

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ XIX

    Eschatology Issues CXVI

    Old Testament Interpretation XXI

    Eschatology Issues CXV

    The Battlefield Within III

    Eschatology Issues CXIV

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief VIII

    Eschatology Issues CXIII

    Eschatology Issues CXII

    Biblical Interpretation XVI

    Fighting the Fight XX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XIX

    Believers in the World XII

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ XVIII

    Marriage and the Bible XII

    Eschatology Issues CXI

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XVIII

    Fighting the Fight XIX

    Culture and Christianity XXV

    Fighting the Fight XVIII

    Eschatology Issues CX

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations XIII

    Legalism, Past and Present VI

    Sin, Guilt and Salvation V

    Eschatology Issues CIX

    Eschatology Issues CVIII

    Sin, Faith and Suffering IV

    Fighting the Fight XVII

    Marriage and the Bible XI

    Legalism, Past and Present V

    Eschatology Issues CVII

    Sin, Guilt, and Salvation IV

    Culture and Christianity XXIV

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation VII

    Cults and Christianity XV

    Cults and Christianity XIV

    Eschatology Issues CVI

    Mutual encouragement in Christ XVI

    Prayer Questions VI

    Eschatology Issues CV

    Marriage and the Bible X

    Fighting the Fight XVI

    Eschatology Issues CIV

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ XV

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XVII

    Sin, Guilt, and Salvation III

    Eschatology Issues CIII

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers VII

    Church: The Biblical Ideal versus the Contemporary Reality IV

    Old Testament Interpretation XX

    Eschatology Issues CII

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ XIV

    Baptism: Water and Spirit XI

    Biblical Anthropology X

    Eschatology Issues CI

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry V

    Spiritual Warfare VIII

    Eschatology Issues C (100)

    Sin, Faith and Suffering III

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XVI

    Eschatology Issues XCIX

    Eschatology Issues XCVIII

    Eschatology Issues XCVII

    Eschatology Issues XCVI

    Old Testament Interpretation XIX

    Eschatology Issues XCV

    Eschatology Issues XCIV

    Old Testament Interpretation XVIII

    Mutual encouragement in Christ XIII

    Eschatology Issues XCIII

    Eschatology Issues XCII

    Christology Questions XII

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation VI

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XV

    Eschatology Issues XCI

    Christology Questions XI

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations XII

    Eschatology Issues XC

    Biblical Interpretation XV

    Eschatology Issues LXXXIX

    Eschatology Issues LXXXVIII

    Eschatology Issues LXXXVII

    Eschatology Issues LXXXVI

    Fighting the Fight XV

    Eschatology Issues LXXXV

    Fighting the Fight XIV

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XIV

    Eschatology Issues LXXXIV

    Biblical Anthropology IX

    Eschatology Issues LXXXIII

    Prayer Questions V

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XIII

    Cults and Christianity XIII

    Eschatology Issues LXXXII

    Culture and Christianity XXIII

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading VII

    Eschatology Issues LXXXI

    Church: The Biblical Ideal versus the Contemporary Reality III

    Angelic Issues X

    Biblical Interpretation XIV

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ XII

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading VI

    Eschatology Issues LXXX

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading V

    Eschatology Issues LXXIX

    Eschatology Issues LXXVIII

    Eschatology Issues LXXVII

    Eschatology Issues LXXVI

    Eschatology Issues LXXV

    Eschatology Issues LXXIV

    Eschatology Issues LXXIII

    Fighting the Fight XIII

    Marriage and the Bible IX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XII

    Eschatology Issues LXXII

    Eschatology Issues LXXI

    Eschatology Issues LXX

    Eschatology Issues LXIX

    Church History III

    Gospel Questions XVII

    Eschatology Issues LXVIII

    Eschatology Issues LXVII

    Baptism: Water and Spirit X

    Eschatology Issues LXVI

    Eschatology Issues LXV

    Old Testament Interpretation XVII

    Eschatology Issues LXIV

    Eschatology Issues LXIII

    Gospel Questions XVI

    Eschatology Issues LXII

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ XI

    Eschatology Issues LXI

    Biblical Interpretation XIII

    Eschatology Issues LX

    Eschatology Issues LIX

    Eschatology Issues LVIII

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ X

    Eschatology Issues LVII

    Eschatology Issues LVI

    Eschatology Issues LV

    Confronting False Groups and False Teaching V

    Eschatology Issues LIV

    Eschatology Issues LIII

    Sin, Faith and Suffering II

    Eschatology Issues LII

    Eschatology Issues LI

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XI

    Eschatology Issues XXXXX

    Christian Perspectives on Disease and Death

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ IX

    Eschatology Issues XLIX

    Culture and Christianity XXII

    Eschatology Issues XLVIII

    Eschatology Issues XLVII

    Eschatology Issues XLVI

    Eschatology Issues XLV

    Culture and Christianity XXI

    Eschatology Issues XLIV

    Theology Questions IV

    Eschatology Issues XLIII

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ VIII

    Eschatology Issues XLII

    Isaiah Questions

    Eschatology Issues XLI

    Eschatology Issues XL

    Eschatology Issues XXXIX

    Eschatology Issues XXXVIII

    Eschatology Issues XXXVII

    Eschatology Issues XXXVI

    Confronting False Groups and False Teaching IV

    Eschatology Issues XXXV

    Eschatology Issues XXXIV

    Eschatology Issues XXXIII

    Eschatology Issues XXXII

    Eschatology Issues XXXI

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry X

    Eschatology Issues XXX

    Eschatology Issues XXIX

    Old Testament Interpretation XVI

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief VII

    New Testament Interpretation IX

    Fighting the Fight XII

    Eschatology Issues XXVIII

    Spiritual Warfare VII

    Believers in the World XI

    Revelation Questions II

    Believers in the World X

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation V

    Biblical Interpretation XII

    Old Testament Interpretation XV

    Gospel Questions XV

    Fighting the Fight XI

    Apologetics and Legalism II

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry IX

    Gospel Questions XIV

    The 'Rapture' and other Eschatological Issues

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry VIII

    Marriage and the Bible VIII

    Believers in the World IX

    Biblical Interpretation XI

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief VI

    Cults and Christianity XII

    Eschatology Issues XXVII

    Theological Questions III

    New Testament Interpretation VIII

    Eschatology Issues XXVI

    Old Testament Interpretation XIV

    Politics versus Spiritual Growth IV

    Old Testament Interpretation XIII

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief V

    Biblical Interpretation X

    Fighting the Fight X

    Politics versus Spiritual Growth III

    Baptism: Water and Spirit IX

    Biblical Anthropology VIII

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation IV

    Genesis Questions IV

    Fighting the Fight IX

    Eschatology Issues XXV

    Angelic Issues IX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry VII

    Legalism, Past, Present and Future IV

    New Testament Interpretation VII

    Eschatology Issues XXIV: the 'Rapture' et al.

    Believers in the World VIII: Coping with Family

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief IV

    Believers in the World VII

    Culture and Christianity XX

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations XI

    Cults and Christianity XI

    Spiritual Gifts and False Teaching

    Angelic Issues VIII

    Christology Questions X

    Believers in the World VI

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers VI

    Atheism and Evangelism

    New Testament Interpretation VI

    Old Testament Interpretation XII

    Fighting the Fight VIII

    Spiritual Warfare VI

    Sin, Faith and Suffering

    Prayer, Vows and Confession

    Eschatology Issues XXIII

    Apologetics, Ministry and False Teaching

    Culture and Christianity XIX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry VI

    Church: The Biblical Ideal versus the Contemporary Reality II

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief III

    Fighting the Fight VII

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions VI

    Interpretation, Application, Exegesis and Ministry

    Biblical Anthropology VII

    Baptism: Water and Spirit VIII

    Text and Canon

    New Testament Interpretation V

    Grace versus Law II

    Apathy, Atheism, Cults and False Teaching

    All about Ichthys III

    The Battlefield Within II: Combating anger, fear, blaming God, blaming others

    Salvation Questions III

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation III

    Eschatology Issues XXII

    Cults and Christianity X

    Cults and Christianity IX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry V

    Fighting the Fight VI

    Marriage and the Bible VII

    Culture and Christianity XVIII: Substance Use and Abuse, Tithing, Politics and Environmentalism, Friendship, Self-Defense, and Work

    Paul the Apostle: Aspects of his Life and Ministry II

    Old Testament Interpretation XI

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ VII

    The Transitional Era of the Book of Acts and its Unique Spiritual Gifts

    Old Testament Interpretation X

    Marriage and the Bible VI

    The pre-Trib 'Rapture': so called 'imminence' and other false proofs refuted

    Encouragement, Spiritual Testing and Spiritual Growth III

    Eschatology Issues XXI

    Eschatology Issues XX

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations X

    Legalism, Past and Present III: Sabbath observance, tithing, dietary regulations and other issues

    Believers in the World V: Ministering, Mutually Encouraging, and Coping with Family, Politics, and Health

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief II

    Old Testament Interpretation IX

    Christology Questions IX: Christ and His Church

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ VI: Perseverance

    Science and the Bible III

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation II

    Eschatology Issues XIX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry IV

    Bible Interpretation IX

    Marriage and the Bible V

    Gospel Questions XIII

    Biblical Anthropology VI

    Cults and Christianity VIII

    Fighting the Fight V: Dispatches from the Laodicean 'Front' II

    Old Testament Interpretation VIII

    Eschatology Issues XVIII

    Spiritual Growth III

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry III

    Sin, Guilt, and Salvation II

    New Testament Interpretation IV

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations IX

    Peace, Reconciliation and Salvation

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ V: Soldiers of the Cross

    Baptism: Water and Spirit VII

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation

    Cults and Christianity VII

    Old Testament Interpretation VII

    Sin, Guilt, and Salvation

    Eschatology Issues XVII

    Dangers of the Pre-Trib Rapture False Teaching

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations VIII

    The Infinity, Magnitude, Glory, Providence and Plan of God

    Eschatology Issues XVI

    Gospel Questions XII

    The Bible and the Canon: The Inspired Word of God IV

    Nephilim, Antichrist, the False Prophet and the Mark of the Beast

    Angelic Issues VII

    Prayer Questions II

    The Trinity and Messianic Legalism II

    Annihilationism, Universalism, Hell and Judgment II

    Atheism and Apologetics II

    Politics versus Spiritual Growth II

    Culture and Christianity XVII: Humor, Self-Defense, Pacifism and War

    Culture and Christianity XVI: Alcohol, Money and Dietary Issues

    Dreams, Visions, Miracles, Exorcism, Tongues, and False Prophets

    Calvinism, Catholicism and Ichthys

    Apologetics, Legalism, Cults and Philosophy

    The Law, Legalism, and Rome

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ IV

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers V

    Faith and Free Will in Trial and Testing

    Free Will and God's WILL in Salvation

    Jobs, Money, Finances and Giving: What does the Bible say?

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry II

    Eschatology Issues XV

    Dealing with Sin and Guilt

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ III

    Preparing for Tribulation II

    It is Better on the Other Side

    Family Matters

    Christology Questions VIII: The Deity, Humanity and Life of Christ

    The Lives of the Apostles and the Writing of the New Testament II

    Biblical People and Places: Eve, Cain, Noah, Abraham, Hagar, Esau, Joseph and more

    Biblical Anthropology V: Body, Spirit and 'Soul', Present and Future

    Satan, Antichrist, the False Prophet and the Mark of the Beast

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions V

    Prophets, Prophecy, and False Prophets

    Christology Questions VII: The Life and Spiritual Death of Christ and Holy Communion

    The Bible and the Canon: The Inspired Word of God III

    Culture and Christianity XV: The Bible vs. some Sensitive Social and Political Issues

    Christology Questions VI: Christophany, Deity and the Spiritual Death of Christ

    Encouragement, Spiritual Testing and Spiritual Growth II

    Spiritual Warfare V

    Cults and Christianity VI

    Fighting the Fight IV: Dispatches from the Laodicean 'Front'

    Eschatology Issues XIV

    The Gift of Tongues: Part 3

    The Resurrection Body and our Eternal Future II

    Gospel Questions XI

    Blindness, Disease and Healing

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry

    Should I go to seminary or not?

    Atheism and Apologetics

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations VII

    Church History II

    Salvation Questions II

    Culture and Christianity XIV

    Encouragement, Spiritual Testing and Spiritual Growth

    Judaism and Legalism in the church-visible

    Bible Interpretation VIII

    Apostasy, Sin and Salvation

    Confronting False Groups and False Teaching III

    Eschatology Issues XIII: Time of the Tribulation and the Resurrection, Antichrist and the Mark of the Beast

    Salvation Questions

    Theological Questions II

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions IV

    Old Testament Interpretation VI

    More Questions on the Book of Hebrews: Melchizedek, Esau, and the 'Impossibility' of Being Restored

    Believers in the World IV: Making Godly Choices vs. Following Man-Made Rules

    Guilt, Sin and Victory through Spiritual Growth

    Confronting False Groups and False Teaching II

    Cults and Christianity V

    Politics versus Spiritual Growth

    Christian Struggle, Perseverance and Deliverance

    The Bible and the Natural World

    Sin, Fear and Forgiveness

    An Extended Conversation on the 'Unpardonable' Sin

    Eternal Realities: Real Heaven, Real Hell

    Eschatology Issues XII: Babylon, Armageddon, Israel, 2026

    Ministers, Ministry, and Preparation for Ministry

    Evangelism in Principle and Practice II

    Gospel Questions X: Glory, John the baptist, the hidden talent, the Kingdom of God

    Old Testament Interpretation V: The Flight to Egypt, the Virgin Birth, Jonathan's Choice, Tyre in Prophecy

    Matthew Questions, verse by verse

    Marriage and the Bible IV

    Politics and Political Action on the Eve of the Tribulation

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading IV

    Spiritual Growth II

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ II

    Baptism: Water and Spirit VI

    Science and the Bible II

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers IV

    Culture and Christianity XIII: College, Dating, Marriage and Friendship

    Eschatology Issues XI: Trumpets, the Millennium, the Time of the Tribulation and the Resurrection.

    Sin according to the Bible: Hamartiology II

    Bible Interpretation VII

    Salvation and Sin

    Bible Interpretation VI

    Eschatology Issues X: Strong delusion, blood moons, 2026, imminence, apostasy & the mark of the beast

    Angelic Issues VI: Cherubs, Guardians, Elders and 'gods'

    Sin according to the Bible: Hamartiology I

    Bible Chronology, Aramaic and Interpretation

    Christians and Mental Illness

    Culture and Christianity XII

    Prayer Questions

    The Trinity and Messianic Legalism

    Anger, Anthropopathism, Eternity and Divine Motives

    Unbelievers, Free Will, and the Plan of God II

    Christology Questions V: the Baptism, Temptation and Spiritual Death of Christ

    The Bible and the Canon: The Inspired Word of God II

    Believers in the World III: Prosperity Gospel, Tithing, Cults and Legalism

    Gospel Questions IX

    Faith, Hope and Love: Virtue in Spiritual Warfare

    Trinity Questions II

    Some Sensitive Topics IV

    Finding a Church - or Something Better? II

    New Testament Interpretation III

    Faith vs. History, Archaeology, Philosophy

    Believers in the World II: Confronting False Groups and False Teaching

    The 144,000 and the Two Witnesses of the Tribulation

    Biblical Anthropology IV: Soul and Spirit, Image and Likeness, Book of Life, Life at Birth, Accountability and Infant Salvation.

    Spiritual Growth

    Predestination, Free Will and False Teaching

    Christophany and the Trinity

    Love, Marriage, and Divorce: Marriage and the Bible III

    Interpreting Dreams and Analyzing Prophetic Claims

    Culture and Christianity XI: Lying, Suicide, Tattoos, Investing, Drugs, Music, Family, Dating, Politics

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading III

    Eschatology Issues IX: Amillennialism, Trumpets, and the Seven Days

    Spiritual Warfare IV: Demons, Demonic Influences and Satanic Methodology

    Satan's Fall from Grace

    Atheism and Gnosticism: Denying the Truth about God

    Sin, Salvation and Forgiveness: Claiming the Mental and Spiritual High-Ground

    Struggling with Salvation . . . and Relatives

    Legalism, Past and Present II

    Ministry and the Ichthys Ministry II

     All about Ichthys II: Mutual Encouragement in the Lord

    The Book of Job and Christian Suffering

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers III: Creationism, Neanderthals, Fossil Record

    Christology Questions IV: Jesus' Birth, Baptism, Early Life, and Kenosis

    Third Party Testimony III: Near Death Experiences, Revelations and Tongues

    Third Party Testimony II: Charismatic Claims of Visions, Dreams and Prophecy

    Third Party Testimony I: We Believe God and His Word - Not People

    God Heals - in His way (not our way)

    Sanctification, Separation and Restraint

    Finding a Church - or Something Better?

    Culture and Christianity X:  Military Service, College, Politics, and Race Relations

    Contemporary Churches and Women Preachers

    Culture and Christianity IX: Politics, Tithing, Music, Crucifixes, Alcohol, and Gambling

    Marriage and the Bible II

    Biblical Anthropology III: Soul versus Spirit, "Soul Sleep", and the Interim Body

    New Testament Interpretation II: Who is equal? Grace in vain. Unequally yoked.

    Aspects of the Crucifixion II: Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?

    Aspects of the Crucifixion I: Carrying the cross, trials and rooster crow.

    Salvation Lost and Found

    The Canon: Content, Chronology, and Criticism

    Spiritual Warfare III: Peter's 'Angel', Saul's Death, and Strange Events

    Old Testament Interpretation IV: Gehazi's Leprosy, Tyre's Destruction, and Immanuel

    Nephilim, Fallen Angels, and Genesis 6

    Gospel Questions VIII

    Sin, Atonement and Forgiveness II

    Sin, Atonement and Forgiveness I

    Annihilationism, Universalism, Hell and Judgment

    When is the Rapture?

    Noah, the Flood, and the Nature of Animals

    The Tribulation: Timing of, Preparation for, and Conditions in

    Eschatology Issues VIII: Revelation, Tribulation and Judgment

    Antichrist: the Mark, the Number, and the Identification of the Beast

    Satan's Revolt and the Tribulation to Come

    Old Testament Interpretation III: The Name 'Jacob', the Mark of Cain, Jeshrun.

    Old Testament Interpretation II: Urim and Thummim, the Bronze Serpent, the Ark.

    Being Saved: Security, Apostasy, and the Sin unto Death

    Fighting the Fight III: False Teaching, Local Churches, and the Truth

    Fighting the Fight II: Struggling with Sin, Doubt, and Severe Testing

    Fighting the Fight I: Accountability, Faith, Sin, Forgiveness, and Reward

    Dispensations, Covenants, Israel and the Church II

    Dispensations, Covenants, Israel and the Church I

    Witnessing: Cults and Christianity II

    Witnessing: Cults and Christianity I

    Ministry and the Ichthys Ministry

    Biblical Interpretation V

    Baptism: Water and Spirit V

    Spiritual Growth, Church-Searching and "Discipling"

    Unbelievers, Free Will, and the Plan of God

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations VI

    Baptism: Water and Spirit IV

    Paganism, Idolatry, Mythology and the Occult

    The Lives of the Apostles and the Writing of the New Testament

    The Essence of God and Deity of Christ

    Parables and their Interpretation

    The Meaning and Purpose of True Christian Assembly

    Marriage and the Bible

    Spiritual 'ups' and 'downs'

    1st John: Text and Interpretation

    Eschatology Issues VII

    Perseverance in the latter days of Laodicea

    Babylon USA?

    Baptism: Water and Spirit III

    Prayer: the Persistence, Purpose and Power of.

    Paul the Apostle: Aspects of his Life and Ministry

    Gospel Questions VII: The Wedding at Cana et al.

    Israel, 'Lost Tribes' and the Star of David

    Israel and Antichrist in Eschatology

    Explaining and Defending the Trinity and the Person of Christ II

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions III

    Culture and Christianity VIII

    The Geography of Heaven, Hades and 'Hell'.

    Eschatology Issues VI

    Bible Interpretation IV

    Legalism, Past and Present

    The Resurrection Body and our Eternal Future.

    Christ the First-Born, High Priest in the Order of Melchizedek.

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading II

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading

    Hermeneutics, Typology, Christophany, Theophany and Anthropopathism.

    No, Hebrews does not teach that you lost your salvation.

    Gospel Questions VI: the Long Ending of Mark et al.

    Judas and the Betrayal of Christ

    Doubting Salvation and Questions of Sin

    The 144,000: God's Seal vs. the Mark of the Beast

    Atheism: Putting Truth to Death

    War in Heaven II

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions II

    War in Heaven

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions I

    The Law, Love, Faith-Rest and Messianism

    Paul and the Law

    Genesis Questions III

    Sin and Salvation, Confession and Forgiveness

    Have I Lost My Salvation? (III)

    The Battlefield Within: Fighting the inner spiritual Struggle.

    Putting Christ in Christmas: Loving Jesus, the Star and the Magi, Wonderful Counselor.

    Old Testament Interpretation: Moses and Zipporah, David's disastrous Census, the Destruction of the Midianites, et al.

    Healing, Miracles, and Dreams: Sorting the Wheat from the Chaff by biblical Means

    153 Fish: Explaining some Difficult New Testament Passages

    Kenosis: Our Lord's Self-Limitation during the 1st Advent

    Biblical Anthropology II: 'Soul sleep', & dichotomy vs. trichotomy

    Biblical Anthropology I: The Nature of Human Beings and Human Life according to the Bible.

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers II.

    Culture and Christianity VII: Jury Duty, Witnessing, Biometry, Military Service et al.

    Culture and Christianity VI: Halloween, Holidays, Aliens, and Christian Applications.

    Angelic Issues V: Michael, the Angel of the Lord, Christophany, demons, cherubs, and Satan's revolt.

    Angelic Issues IV:  Satan's Revolt in the Plan of God.

    New Testament Interpretation: Melchizedek, 'Forsake not Assembly', 'Women Remain Silent', Water-Baptism, Tongues, Prophecy, Intervention of Departed Believers.

    Lost my salvation II?

    All about Ichthys: Mutual Encouragement in the Lord. 

    Genesis Questions.

    Fallen Angels, Demons, Nephilim, and the Devil's Methodology.

    End Times Interpretation II.

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief.

    The Bible and the Canon: The Inspired Word of God.

    End Times Interpretation.

    Grace versus Law.

    Communion and the Spiritual Death of Christ.

    Sinlessness and 1st John.

    Israelology, Anti-Semitism, the Remnant, Gentiles, Lost Tribes, Jewish Myths.

    "Soul Sleep" versus our true Heavenly State.

    Christology Questions III: The Angel of the Lord, the Lamb Slain, monogenes.

    Angelic Issues III: Demons, Satan, Elders, Female Angels and Guardians.

    Against Universalism III: Unbelievers in the Plan of God.

    Waters Above, the Firmament, and the Genesis Gap.

    Marriage "Matters".

    In Need of Guidance and Encouragement.

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations V.

    Servants, Slaves, Disciples, and Ministers.

    Baptism: Water and Spirit II.

    Bible Interpretation III: David's Anointing, Stephen versus Genesis, Triplets, This People, and more.

    Evangelism in Principle and Practice.

    Scripture versus Personal Experience.

    Calvinism, Covenants and Catholicism.

    Culture and Christianity V: Temporal Authority vs. Biblical Application.

    False Doctrine of Absolute Eternal Security III.

    The Dangers of Messianic Legalism IV: Unclean and Impure?

    Things to Come III: The Wrath of God and the Fate of the Beast's Army.

    God Works All Things Together for Good.

    The 7 Trumpets, the 7 Kings, Nephilim, Antichrist and Revived Rome.

    The Coming Tribulation and the Kingdom of God.

    Sin, Confession and Forgiveness.

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ.

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations IV.

    Culture and Christianity IV: Doing one's job as 'unto the Lord', the peril's of 'heroic medicine', Christian perspectives on legalizing marijuana, when lying is not a sin, and when life begins.

    Eschatology Issues V: "It is not for you to know the times or the seasons".

    Ichthys and Contemporary Christianity.

    Gospel Questions V: Help my Unbelief, Respecting our Enemies, etc.

    The Two Witnesses of the Tribulation: Moses and Elijah.

    The Apostles, the Jerusalem Council, and Legalism then and now.

    Aspects of the Christian Walk: Gambling, Lying, Christmas, Judging, Worrying, et al.

    No Rapture

    Believers in the World: Using our Free Will to Respond to the Lord

    Christology Questions II: The Serpent Lifted and the Cross, Jesus' Infallibility, Destroy this Temple, the Sign Spoken Against, His Glorification, the Spirit's Anointing, and the Necessity for His Humanity.

    Paul's Jerusalem Error, Worshiping Truly, the Priesthood of the Believer, and Peter's Vision of the Impure Food

    Christian Trials and Testing

    Gospel Questions IV: The Prophet, the rich man in Hades, Peter's wife, the 'eleven' and the 'twelve' apostles, 'the world could not contain' (Jn.21:25), and progressive revelation.

    Eschatology Issues IV: Israeli politics, 'This Generation', Signs of the Times, the Beast presently alive?, 'Flee Babylon', Preparing for the Tribulation, and 'was, is not, will be'.

    John's Water-Baptism versus the Baptism of the Holy Spirit

    Eschatology Issues III: Over-focusing on Revelation, the Seven Churches, Enoch versus Elijah, and the Symbolism of the Menorah

    The Purpose of Chronicles, Cyrus the Persian, the Chronology of the Exodus Plagues, Qumran and Isaiah, Nebuchadnezzar's Madness, and Jeremiah 31:22, "A Woman will Embrace a Man".

    Aaron and the Golden Calf, Mount Zion, Moses and Zipporah, the high priest's attire, and the ark of the covenant.

    Aspects of the Genesis Curse on Animals, the Tree of Knowing Good and Evil, Jacob Wrestling with the Angel of the Lord, and Kainam.

    The City of David, the Star of David, Solomon's Wisdom, and the Song of Solomon.

    The Israelites at Kadesh and 'not entering the Land of Promise'.

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers.

    Sin and Spiritual Transformation.

    Cults and Christianity IV

    Cults and Christianity III

    Cults and Christianity II

    Cults and Christianity.

    One Baptism: the True Meaning of Peter's Words at Acts 2:38.

    Apostasy and the Sin unto Death, the Conscience and Sanctification.

    The Plan of God and Individual Salvation (excerpt from BB 4B)

    In Your Anger, do not Sin:  Ephesians 4:26 and the Sin Nature

    Bible Interpretation II: Easter, Abiathar, the Hyssop-Blood Cross, Baal, the Scarlet Thread, Names of God, Adiaphoria, and Mezentius.

    Spiritual Warfare II

    Culture and Christianity III

    Have I Lost my Salvation?

    On the Firing Line: Encouragement in Christian Trials

    Eschatology and the Old Testament

    Prayer and our Walk with Jesus.

    Issues of Canonicity II: Aramaic, Enoch, KJV, and the Pastorals

    Bible Vocabulary and Bible Word Studies

    Satan, his Demons, and the Gnostics

    Antichrist: Alive and Well and Living on Planet Earth?

    The Nature of Angels

    Our Eternal Future: Life after Death for Believers in Jesus Christ

    Giants and Nephilim, Sumerian Myths, and Sea Monsters

    Dreams and Visions II

    The Golden Rule

    The Divinity of Jesus Christ

    Free-Will Faith and the Will of God

    Some Sensitive Topics III

    The Spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy: explaining James 4:5.

    Faith: What is it?

    The Seven-Fold Spirit of God.

    Free-Will Faith in the Plan of God.

    Putting the Word of God First.

    Free-Will Faith.

    The False Doctrine of "Soul Sleep" II.

    The False Doctrine of Absolute Eternal Security II.

    The Plan of God

    The Dangers of Messianic Legalism III

    The Dangers of Messianic Legalism II

    The Dangers of Messianic Legalism.

    The Gift of Tongues: Part 2

    The Gift of Tongues: Part 1

    Mega-Churches, Emergent Christianity, Spirituality and Materialism.

    Epignosis, Christian Epistemology, and Spiritual Growth.

    Jephthah's Daughter, Marriage, Divorce, and Remarriage.

    Christian Unity and Divisiveness.

    Death, Martyrdom and Resurrection.

    Blessing, Cursing, and Prayer.

    Freedom and Responsibility.

    Fighting the Good Fight of Faith.

    Only-Begotten, Mother-of-God, On-this-Rock: English-only Interpretation is Dangerous.

    The Greek Text of the New Testament and some Issues of Textual Criticism.

    What does the name 'Christian' mean?

    Some Jewish Issues.

    Christians Beware: Internet Frauds and the Need for Spiritual Discernment (part 2).

    Christians Beware: Internet Frauds and the Need for Spiritual Discernment.

    Sin and Forgiveness.

    Spring Special: The Millennial Regathering and Purging of Israel.

    Life Begins at Birth.

    Culture and Christianity II

    Culture and Christianity I

    The Saved and the Unsaved

    Last Things and Last Judgments

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry IV

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry III

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry II

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry I

    More on Antichrist and his Kingdom

    Antichrist and Babylon

    Prophecy Questions.

    Theological Questions

    Heavenly Things.

    Dysfunctional Churches.

    Some Sensitive Topics II.

    Christmas Special: The Judgment and Reward of the Church.

    What is God's Will?


    Thanksgiving Leftovers.

    Combating Legalism VI

    Combating Legalism V

    Combating Legalism IV

    Combating Legalism III

    Combating Legalism II

    Combating Legalism I

    Aspects of the False Doctrine of Institutional Security

    Chronological Order of the Books of the Bible II

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations III

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations II

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations I

    Gospel Questions III: Least in the kingdom, Millstones, Pennies, Pebbles, Babes, Rhaka, Tallits, and the Crown of Thorns.

    Gospel Questions II: Jesus' Turning Water to Wine, Sweating Blood, Walking on Water, Washing the Disciples' Feet, and the Promise of Freedom."

    Things to Come II: Genesis Rapture, Daniel's Weeks, Seven Kings, Signs of the Apocalypse, Tribulational Suffering, Seven Seals, the Bride of Christ, and Mystery Babylon.

    Things to Come: The Half Hour, the 144,000, the Book of Life, Rewards, the Beast's Kingdom, the Great Apostasy, and the so-called 'Partial Rapture'.

    Satan and the Existence of Evil.

    The Holy Spirit: Blasphemy against, Restraining Ministry, and Gender.

    Spiritual Gifts and Spiritual Growth

    Christian Love, the Golden Rule, Christian Military Service and Self-Defense.

    Issues of Canonicity: Apocrypha, Enoch, and Inspiration.

    Church: The Biblical Ideal versus the Contemporary Reality.

    Numbers, Letters, and the Mark of the Beast.

    Gospel Questions I: Jesus' Life, the Gospels and Cherubs, and who Wrote Matthew.

    More Questions about Genesis.

    Naaman, Nero, Nineveh, and Senacharib.

    The False Doctrine of Absolute Eternal Security.

    Choosing Hell: Questions about Salvation and the Love of God.

    The Chronology of the End.

    The Route of the Israelites in Crossing the Red Sea.

    Some Issues of Transmission, Translation, and Transliteration: The Camel and the Needle, etc.

    Aspects of the Life of Christ: Jesus' siblings, the man born blind, et al.

    Jesus is God and man.

    Jesus is God.

    Redemption, the Blood of Christ, Christ our Passover, and The Passion of the Christ.

    Eschatology Issues II: Angelic bodies, heaven and hell, Satan and the Nephilim, etc.

    The Book of Job and Biblical Interpretation.

    Some Questions about Eternity.

    Who Controls our Thoughts and Emotions?

    The Day of the Lord.

    Sleep as a Euphemism for Death.

    Literal Hell.

    Christ's Preaching to the Spirits in Hell (1Pet.3:18-20), & Michael's Rebuke of Satan (2Pet.2:10-11 ).

    Recovering from Sin.

    The Timing of the Resurrection.

    Dispensations, the Church, the Rapture, and the Destruction of the Universe.

    Christianity versus Contemporary Kitsch.

    Purpose Driven Life, Oprah's New Age Religion, et al.

    Lot, Esau, and Cain: Learning through Negative Examples.

    Against Universalism II: Only Believers are Saved.

    Against Universalism I: Free Will and the Image of God.

    Courage in the Fight.

    Demon Influences.

    Sabbath Questions.

    The Seven Edens and the Eden of Adam and Eve.

    Opposition to the Genesis Gap from the Creation Research Institute et al.

    Mary 'Full of Grace'?

    Changing the Name of God?

    The Beast:  Some Questions about Antichrist.

    The Book of Revelation:  Some Questions.

    Red Hot or Lukewarm? Bible Teaching versus Sermonizing.

    The Last Judgment and the Great White Throne.

    Baptism:  Water and Spirit.

    Spiritual  Marathons.

    Christology:  Some Questions on the Life of Christ.

    Regarding Ichthys.

    Train up a Child in the Way he should Go.

    War, History, and Politics.

    Unbelief and its Consequences.

    Dreams and Visions.

    Explaining and Defending the Trinity and the Person of Christ.

    Free Will and Faith under Pressure.

    Angelic Issues II.

    Science and the Bible.

    Bible Interpretation I:  Academics, Versions et al.

    Faith in the Word of God: the Basis of all True Worship.

    Aspects of the Resurrection II.

    Faith and Encouragement in the midst of Fiery Trials.

    Some Sensitive Topics.

    Jethro, Amenhotep, Iraq, the Catacombs, and the KJV.

    Eschatology Issues: The Fig Tree, Ezekiel 38, Joel 3, and the Trumpets.

    Christ the Rock, the Rooster's Crow, and the Cross.

    Applying Faith II: Production, Forgiveness, Circumcision, Truth over People.

    Applying Faith: Eating, Drinking, and Vacation.

    The Tree of Life, Communion, and the Virgin Birth.

    Grammar Questions.

    Can Prayer Be Offered From Heaven? & Some Genesis Questions.

    Walking the Path of Faith through the Light of the Word of God.

    Salvation on the battlefield, truth revealed to infants, and damnation.

    Preparing for Tribulation.

    Divine Sovereignty and Divine Judgment.

    God's Free Gift of Salvation.

    Should Christians wear Jewelry?

    The Lord's Prayer.

    The Events Surrounding the Birth of Christ.

    Cremation or Burial?

    Zechariah, Demon Possession, Marriage, Spiritual Experiences, and Bible Prophecy.

    No Grounds for Divorce?

    The Shape of the Universe, Hominids, and the Genesis Gap.

    Taking Personal Responsibility: Interest, Bankruptcy, Gambling, and Employment.

    The Seven Churches, the Judgment Seat of Christ,  and other issues in Eschatology.

    The Canonicity of the book of Hebrews.

    Great White Throne, the Last Judgment, and the Outer Darkness.

    Political Action versus Biblical Christianity.

    Study Tools and Methodologies.


    The Gospel and the Kingdom of God.

    Pursuing a Deeper Relationship with Jesus and Christian Epistemology.

    The Origin and the Danger of the Pre-Tribulational Rapture Theory.

    The Divinity of the Spirit and the Percentage of those who are Saved.

    Should Christians ever consider getting a lawyer?

    Pastoral Authority, Popes, Pat Robertson, and Pelagianism.

    Some Questions on Church Polity.

    Apostles and Evangelism

    Luther, Arminius, Calvin, Kant, Ironside, Tutu and Thieme.

    Angelic Issues.

    Transmutation, Resuscitation, and Resurrection.

    Is the Soul a tertium quid?

    More on the Documentary Hypothesis and More on the Rapture.

    Enoch's Walk with God and Some Questions in the Gospels.

    The Influence of the Renaissance and Rationalism on the Church and Cutting off Arms in Malachi 2:3.

    Sabbath Observance.

    1st John 5:20 & Romans 6:23.

    Eschatology Questions.

    Baptism and Following Jesus.

    Where is Armageddon?

    Assurance of Salvation.

    The Cross, Sin, and the Devil in God's Plan.

    More on: Spiritual Gifts; Hats & Hair; the Age of Accountability.

    Daniel 9:25 and Daniel 11:30.

    Who will populate earth during the Millennium?  and  Asking for Wisdom: James 1:5.

    Was Judas Saved?, The Gospel of Judas, and Issues of Canonicity.

    Is 'My Son' Israel or Jesus in Hosea 11:1?  &  How do you Prove Sin to Someone?

    Did Matthew Write his Gospel in Hebrew?

    Christian Crowns, Pagan Names, and the Time of the Cock-Crow.

    Child-like Faith, Mark vs. Matthew, the Mahdi, and 'Who was with God in the Beginning?

    True Orthodoxy and False Creeds.

    Foot-washing, Bitter Herbs, Baptism, and Borrowed Faith.

    All Things Charismatic.

    Friday versus Thursday Crucifixion.

    Jesus' Cursing of the Fig Tree, Apostasy, and 'Feng Shui'.

    The Genesis Serpent, Using "it" to refer to the baby Jesus, and more on Tattoos.

    Combating Gnosticism.

    Resisting the Devil.

    Why did Jesus choose John over James to take care of His mother Mary?

    Antichrist's 'desire of women' in Daniel 11:37 et al.

    Do recent catastrophes have a divine origin?

    Does God really want us to be sick and poor?  Revisiting the prosperity gospel.

    Why did our Lord Jesus arise from the tribe of Judah?

    What will our relationship be in heaven with children who died young?

    The baptism of the Holy Spirit as distinct from speaking in tongues.

    The Grammar behind the Genesis Gap.

    The Great White Throne Judgment.

    Moses and Zipporah.

    The Victory of Faith.

    Does God's choice of us eliminate our free will?

    Why does God allow bad things to happen?

    The Bible as "divine", roof prayer, and tattoos.

    Character in Hebrews 1:3, et al.

    Exorcism, et al.

    "Are the children of unbelievers lost if they die before receiving Christ?"

    How not to get "left behind".

    "Is baptism necessary for salvation?"

    "The nature of life after death."

    "The personality of the Holy Spirit."

    "The dragon of Revelation 12 and the talking idol of Revelation 13."

    "Bound by Satan in Luke 13:16, language and the Tower of Babel, Daniel's 70th week, and the number 12."

    "Infirmities and Diseases in Matthew 8:17"

    "The Leftover Baskets of Bread and Fish in John 6."

    "Waiting for the Ascension" and "Amos 4:11".

    Why was Canaan cursed?

    Should Christians have a competitive attitude?

    John "leapt for joy" in the womb - or did he?

    Satanic Influence in Video Games and Television.

    Moving Mountains:  Matthew 21:21

    Not a hair shall be lost? Luke 21:16 versus Luke 21:18.

    The reign of antichrist:  7 years or 3 and 1/2 years?

    The Trinity in Scripture.

    The Ark of the Covenant.

    "Doubts about the Nephilim in Genesis 6" and "Ezekiel 9:4 and the Mark of the Beast"

    "Word Counts in the Bible", "Him whom they Pierced (Rev.1:7)", and "Necromancy".

    "Waiting for a Savior" and "The Direction East in the Bible"


    Is there a purgatory according to the Bible?

    Your desire shall be for your husband: Genesis 3:16.

    Have I committed the unforgivable sin?

    Is the local church meant to be a patriarchy?

    Why doesn't the Bible mention all of the prophets of the children of Israel?

    The True "Victorious Life".

    Tohu in Genesis 1:2 and the Cause of the Darkness.

    Why Doesn't God Prevent All Children from Dying?

    Why were Christians being regarded as "evil-doers" in 1st Peter 2:12?

    The Scofield Reference Bible.

    Phylacteries and the Mark of the Beast, and "What about Joseph?"

    Feeling desperate and alone.

    Is Tithing net or gross?

    Assembly of the local church, and Jesus' use of "I AM" from Exodus 3:14 in John 8:58

    The "burden of the Lord" in Jeremiah 23:32-40, and judgment for idle words in Matthew 12:36-37.

    The importance of spiritual resiliency.

    Does God use disease to discipline us?

    Recovering from Cult Exposure.

    Variability in Christian Testing and Personal Tribulation.

    Is there any value to the Apocrypha?

    The Communion Ceremony outside of the local church.

    The Christian Walk, the End, and Tattoos.

    Should Christians honor Sunday as the new Sabbath?

    Chronological order of the books of the Bible.

    Doubt, light, missed opportunities et al.

    Addicted to Sin.

    Corporate prayer in Matthew 18:19:  "when two agree on earth".

    What does the Bible say about humor?

    The value of cumulative prayer.

    Our Heavenly, Pre-Resurrection, Interim State.

    How could a loving God order the destruction of the Canaanites?

    Should Christians observe the Torah?

    Church Polity and three other passages.

    Walking with Jesus.

    Tongues: does 'no man' understand?

    The few saved, the door in heaven, visions of heavenly realities, and Christmas.

    Spiritual Warfare.

    Christian suffering and spiritual maturity.

    Aliens, antichrist, and eschatology.

    Does exceptionally sinful behavior indicate that a Christian has lost salvation?

    Should Christians celebrate Jewish festivals?

    The Deaths of the 12 Disciples / Apostles of Christ.

    Categories of Sin in Psalm 19.

    Some brief answers on a variety of topics.

    Pastoral Support, Pastoral Preparation, and the Purpose of Assembly.

    Eternal Rewards.

    Encouragement, Isaiah 6:11-13, and the Hope of Repentance.

    Questioning the Genesis Gap.

    Dinosaurs, the Nephilim, Noah, et al.

    How much should we pay our pastor?

    More about Women Preachers.

    Is it wrong for me to celebrate Easter?

    The Remnant in Isaiah 6:13.

    The Big Distinction.

    The Day of the Lord in 2nd Peter 3:10.

    The Day of the Lord.

    Church History.

    The Sealing of the Holy Spirit.

    Visions of Angels: Colossians 2:18.

    Waiting on God's timing:  patience in testing.

    "Your Throne, O God":  Psalm 45:6.

    Moses striking the Rock.

    Procreation and Creation.

    What is meant by the phrase "the Lord's footstool"?

    1st Peter 3:3-5

    A conversation about divorce and remarriage.

    Faith in the midst of the fiery trial.

    Hebrews 10:26 again, and two other notes on Arthur Pink and the Greek word diakonos.

    What is the correct translation of Isaiah 59:19?

    Is the star of Acts 7:43 the star of David?

    Some questions about Nimrod and Christmas trees, Tongues, and Healing

    Is Jesus the only One ever to restore sight?

    What happens to people who were born and died prior to the birth of Christ?

    Which is better, the King James Version or the New King James Version?

    What is the minimum necessary to be saved?

    How can we know whose interpretation of the Bible is right (Part 2)?

    How can we know whose interpretation of the Bible is right (Part 1)?

    Psalm 22:1, "My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?"

    The "Mind of Christ" in 1st Corinthians 2:16

    Simeon and Simon, and the two crows of the rooster

    Ichthys, saints, and the Last Adam

    Does Hebrews 10:26 teach loss of salvation?

    Eternal security: where does one draw the line?

    Who are Gog and Magog in Ezekiel 38-39?

    How did John the baptist come to doubt Jesus?

    Is Jesus literally seated on the throne at God's right hand?

    Are the Celts the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel?

    Whatever happened to the "Genesis Gap"?

    "The baptism which now saves you":  1st Peter 3:21.

    Hebrew Language Study Tools.

    What type of healing is being discussed in Isaiah 53:5?

    The Origin of the Four Seasons

    2nd Peter 3:5: Doubting the Tribulation

    Tent-making and Galatians 6:6

    A Question about Ichthys books

    Biblical Metaphors and Symbolism

    Faith and the Pre-Tribulational "Rapture".

    Faith Healing.

    Bible translation and John 8:58.

    Melchizedek and the high priesthood of Christ:  two questions et alia.

    In need of encouragement.

    The centurion and the Syro-Phoenician woman.

    Who is the Meshiach?

    A Sadducean Question

    What is "heaven" like according to Christian teachings?

    Acts 20:28: Whose Blood?

    1st Corinthians 11:  Hats or Hair?

    Confession of Sin, Fellowship, and the Filling of the Holy Spirit.

    A Miscellany of Questions and Answers (Nineveh, the beast, tongues, demons, Sadam, etc.)

    Some Greek Questions in the Gospels (John 1:3; 2:19; 8:58; Luke 23:43)

    Is Man trichotomous, and does that mean that salvation is three-tiered?

    Questioning the Trinity

    The blood of Christ

    Christ knocking at the door in Revelation 3:20

    The futility of memory without God and eternal life.

    The meaning of Jesus' words, "I am" in John 8:58

    What does the Bible say about Heaven and Hell?

    Peace in 1st Corinthians 14:33

    Salvation and Church Affiliation.

    Several questions on the book of Hebrews.

    Does the Bible prohibit women from preaching or teaching in the Church?

    Should Christian leaders refrain from drinking in public?

    How to use the Bible translations at Ichthys.

    The Worship of Jesus:  a proof of His divinity?

    An Extended Conversation about the Baptism of the Holy Spirit.

    Is water baptism required for Christians today?

    Are health and wealth a part of the gospel?

    Will those in Hades be able to see Christ's return?

    Feelings of Guilt about Remarriage.

    Who are the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel?

    What does "the Word was with God" mean in John 1:1-2?

    Three questions on three verses in Isaiah (Is.21:4; 28:10, & 66:24).

    How important is education for a pastor?

    Does Hebrews 10:26-35 ("deliberate sinning" etc.) mean that a believer can lose his or her salvation?

    Availability and use of Ichthys materials: several questions.

    Is there any difference between demons and fallen angels?

    Confronting atheism.

    Two questions about Judas Iscariot.

    Three Questions about Tattoos and Salvation.

    The Hebrew word for 'one' (`echadh) and the uniqueness of God.

    Did the witch of Endor really conjure up the spirit of Samuel?

    A Question about the "Waters Above".

    Why did God the Father wait so long to send Jesus into the world?

    How does being "slain in the Spirit" relate to being baptized in the Spirit?

    How do you prove the existence of God?

    Where does the Bible teach that Jesus is God?

    Is it ever Justifiable to Tell a Lie (part 2)?

    Seeing double in Matthew.

    Mary, Joseph, and Nazareth.

    Is the Westminster Catechism a Good Reference Tool?

    What does it mean "the spirit returns to God" in Ecclesiastes 12:7?

    Is there any Connection between biblical Gemstones and Moral Characteristics?

    Are Miraculous Gifts Operational Today?

    Jesus Christ in the Old Testament (Christophany: Gen.3:8).

    Can those in organizations which teach "salvation by works" be saved?

    Is "helpmeet" a wrong translation in Genesis 2:20?

    Our will and God's WILL.

    Cast thy Bread upon the Waters:  What do the seven and eight portions in Ecclesiastes 11:2 mean?

    Was Cain Satan's literal "seed"?

    The Demon Possessed Girl in Acts 16:16.

    The "Sin unto Death" in 1st John 5:16.

    Is death just a natural part of human life?

    Communion and the Blood of Christ.

    What does it mean in 1st Corinthians 7:14, "the unbelieving husband is sanctified"?

    The Re-institution of the Feast of Tabernacles in the Millennium.

    Secular Documentation for the Exodus.

    The false doctrine of "soul sleep".

    The Author of Hebrews and Jesus' Perfect Completion of His Mission.

    The Trinity in Isaiah 63:10-15.

    How old was Jesus at the time of His crucifixion and resurrection?

    Five Smooth Stones: 1st Samuel 17:40

    How can we know the Bible is true?

    The name "Jesus".

    Habakkuk's Prosperity Prayer: Habakkuk 3:17-19.

    Jeremiah 31:22: "A Woman shall Compass a Man".

    The New International Version of the Bible and some issues in Bible translation.

    Is "the Prophet" of Deuteronomy 18:18 Muhammad?

    The One True God and the Trinity in the Old Testament.

    Are those in Hebrews 6:4 who "crucify the Son of God afresh" lost?

    Are New Bible Translations Part of a Conspiracy?

    What exactly is the "red heifer prophecy", and how does it relate to the events of the end times?

    Where did the waters of Genesis 1 go?

    Interpreting Revelation

    Sin, Baptism, and the Book of Revelation

    Tithing and the Book of Life

    The Dangers of the Prosperity Gospel.

    English and the Tower of Babel.

    The "Seven Thunders" of Revelation 10:3-4

    The fate of the unrighteous dead in Isaiah 66:24

    Who are the "sons of the kingdom" in Matthew 18:11-12?

    Why does Judah get greater honor than Jerusalem in Zechariah 12:7?

    Are there Female Angels?

    Longevity in the Millennium.

    How is the date of Easter computed?

    What is the meaning of the 1290 days versus the 1335 days in Daniel 12?

    What Church era are we now in?

    The mark of the beast.

    Christophany in the Exodus.

    Can you explain "help my unbelief!" in Mark 9:24?

    What does it mean to "overcome" in Revelation chapters 2 and 3?

    Are women required to wear veils or hats in church?

    Is the world about to come to an end?

    Does the Bible ever describe the earth as being round?

    Pre-, mid-, or post-Tribulation rapture?

    Pearls before swine.

    Recognizing the Messiah.

    The gift of healing.

    The origin and fate of the "giants" in Genesis chapter six.

    Christian suffering - Christian encouragement.

    Is speaking in tongues biblical?

    Is speaking in tongues a sin?

    Can you recommend a good commentary on the book of Romans?

    Aspects of the resurrection.

    The recipients of Peter's epistles.

    Pre- or Post-Tribulation "rapture"?

    The lives of the prophets.

    The old prophet who lied.

    Animal sacrifice in the millennium.

    Is it ever justifiable to lie?

    Who wrote the King James version?

    The meaning of the divine name יהוה.

    The so-called "documentary hypothesis".

    The relationship between the books of Kings and Chronicles.

    David's disastrous census of Israel.

    Aspects of the Unseen Angelic Warfare and 666, the Mark of the Beast.

    The 200 million strong demon army of Revelation 9:13.

    Deliverance through Childbearing in 1st Timothy 2:15?

    Some questions about the Tribulation.

    More on divorce and remarriage.

    Divorce and remarriage.

    The antecedents of ICHTHYS.

    What does it mean to "remember the Sabbath and keep it holy"?

    The manner of the apostle Peter's death.

    Wasn't Matthias the thirteenth apostle?

    Forward progress necessary for salvation and spiritual growth.

    The "seven days" of human history.

    1st John 1:9 and confessing sin.

    ICHTHYS and the role of traditional Christianity.

    Can you recommend a good survey for the Old and New Testaments?

    Where can I find more information on the "Genesis gap"?

    Is Church membership an issue in salvation?

    Can you recommend a church?

    Are these materials available for purchase as books?

    A bit of autobiography.

    What is your opinion of the Abingdon one-volume Bible Commentary?

    What is the significance of the number "20" in the Bible?

    The 144,000 of Revelation chapters 7 and 14.

    What is your view on predestination?

    Who is "true Israel"?

    The chronology of the date 2026.

    Does baptism play a role in being born again?

    Why does the devil have access to God while man cannot stand in His presence?

    The structure of the book of Revelation.

    What is your view of the rapture?

    What is meant by the "10 days" of Revelation 2:10?

    Dragons in the Bible?

    Are there apostles in the Church today?

    What is the meaning of the word "chosen" in the Bible.

    The Passover.

    What are the most common Bible names?

    What is the biblical significance of the number forty?

    What does the Bible have to say about witchcraft?

    How can I protect myself from false teaching?

    Didn't the devil know he couldn't defeat God?

    Are the Masons wrong according to the Bible?

    Six Questions.

    Can the faith of "backsliders" be restored?

    Are there biblical origins to mythology?

    What does the phrase "sides of the pit" mean in Isaiah 14:15?

    Can prayer be offered in the name of the Son?

    Election and John 6:37?

    Is it valid to celebrate Christmas?

    Can you give me some information on divine names in the Bible?

    What is the significance of name changes in the Bible?

    Is faith a "gift of God"?

    Is there a "gospel of Thomas"?

    Is the nature of Man dichotomous or trichotomous?

    Will the temple be rebuilt in Jerusalem?

    Does the Bible teach a literal Millennium?

    What does the word "good" mean in Genesis?

    Who are "the dead" who "rise first" in 1st Thessalonians 4?

    Are the Greek tenses in John 7:34 correctly translated?

    Is the devil "mad" to oppose God?

    Does the Bible require supporting the pastor financially?

    How can Jesus be a man and God at the same time?

    How did people atone for intentional sin in Old Testament times?

    What is the symbolism of the Lamb of God in Revelation?

    Can you recommend some word study tools for Bible study?

    Can people who commit suicide be saved?

    Are tattoos biblical?

    Is it "ichthys" or "ichthus"?

    What is the difference between wisdom and discernment?

    Marriage of Believers and Unbelievers.

    Is hearing believing in John 6:35?

    How certain a date is 2026?

    Is Paul describing himself in Romans chapter seven?

    Is tithing required for salvation?

    What is the evidence for the "rapture"?

    Is there any validity to the "prosperity gospel"?

    Who are the "Nephilim" in Genesis chapter six?

    Church attendance.

    Is there a literal "devil"?

    What does the Bible have to say about reincarnation?

    What is the unpardonable sin?

    Believing the Bible for Spiritual Growth.

    Why was the New Testament written in Greek?

    What about those who have never heard of Christ?

    What about elders and deacons?

    Eternal Security and "sinless perfection".

    Eternal Security and "salvation by works".

    Does the Bible teach ex nihilo creation?

    When did Jesus first know He was God's Son?

    Are there prophets today?

    Despairing of life.

    How important is baptism?

    How could Christ have been three days and nights in the grave?

    Do Muslims worship the One true God?

    What can I do about spiritual fainting?


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