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Christology Questions XII

[posted 5/12/22]

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Question #1:

Hello Dr. Luginbill,

Was wondering if you could give me the Greek to English interpretation of this verse of scripture, Luke 22:70. There are a number of different versions, so I would like to know the correct one.

The NASB1995 version says:

"And they all said, Are You the Son of God, then? "And He said to them, "Yes, I am."

The KJV and other versions say:

Then said they all, Art thou then the Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am."

The NKJV says:

Then they all said, “Are You then the Son of God?” So He said to them, “You rightly say that I am.”

The brother is still asking me whether Jesus said: I Am the Son of God". I asked him what the point of his question was, but he did not answer me. This is the same brother who believes that suicide is not a sin against God.

Thanks always for your great input.

Blessings to you,

Your friend,

Response #1: 

They're all defensible but the NKJV does the best job of explaining in its translation what is going on in the Greek. After all, we know more about this passage than is obvious from Luke only:

Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said.
Matthew 26: 64 KJV

And Jesus said, I am.
Mark 14:62a KJV

Thus Jesus said two things: 1) "That is what you have said" and 2) "I am" – Luke combines the two with the Greek conjunction hoti ("that") so it matters whether we punctuate with a period or have no punctuation at all with the former meaning "You have said that.  I am" versus "You have said that I am" (n.b., the Greek original does not contain punctuation).

In all of these cases the most important point is that "I am" in Greek is the translation for YHVH, the tetragrammaton translated LORD in the OT by most versions – so that our Lord is confirming that He is LORD by saying this in this context (see the link).

I admire your patience!

In Jesus our dear Savior,

Bob L.

Question #2: 

Hello Dr. Luginbill,

I have an observation I have made, and I want to ask you if I am correct in my assumption. In Exodus 3:14 it is stated "God said to Moses, "I AM WHO I AM", and He said, Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, "I AM" has sent me to you."

I awoke this morning thinking about this phrase, and wondering how it fit in with John 14:6, and Acts 9 when Jesus addresses Saul on the road to Damascus. My thought was, is the I AM used in these verses revealing something. I was thinking about what is said in the scriptures about Jesus referring to Himself as the "I AM".

It is somewhat peculiar I suppose, that He would use this phrase in the above verses, to me anyway. I attempted to find the meaning of "I AM" in Exodus 3:14, and one of the translations said this:

"14And Elohim said to Mosheh, “I am that which I am.”a And He said, “Thus you shall say to the children of Yisra’ĕl, ‘I am has sent me to you.’ ”

The footnote says: This is not HIS Name, but an explanation that leads up to the revelation of His Name.

I know there are different names for God in the Hebrew "El Ohim" Adonai, Yeshua Yahwah, etc. Seems to me, based on this footnote that the same would also apply to Jesus.

They make it all so complicated by using names like LORD, the angel of the LORD, Jehovah, Adonai, Elohim, etc. I know about the fact that the Jews did not use God's Name, but substituted it with a different Name instead.

Obviously, Saul/Paul did not believe that Jesus was God at the time of his meeting with Jesus on the road to Damascus and I think that Jesus was actually telling Saul that the One who was speaking to Him was indeed the Almighty God, by using the phrase "I AM", the same with John 14:6 and others.

What are your thoughts?

Appreciate your comments always,

P.S. I also began to think again about most Christians don't know that Jesus did indeed say that He is God. There are numerous Old and New Testament that proves this.

This little phrase "I AM" intrigues me.

May His blessings be upon you always. Ephesians 3:20-21.

Your friend,

Response #2: 

You are absolutely correct that Jesus refers to Himself as the LORD when He says, on many occasions, "I AM" (e.g., Mk.14:26; Jn.8:24; 8:28; 8:58; 9:9; 13:19; 18:5-6; 18:8), but it is impressive that you picked this up from Acts 9:5; 22:8; 26:15 from the English. Because it is true that in all three places where this incident is related, our Lord says, in response to Paul's question, "Ego eimi" – which is the Greek version of "I AM". Now it is also true that in all three cases there is a predicate, "Jesus", so that most versions translate reasonably enough "I am Jesus", but that doesn't bring out the Ego ("I") which is superfluous except to make the point you are noticing (since there is already an "I" on the verb, the -mi suffix, so that generally the independent pronoun would be omitted).

I'm sure you've seen this before (and I've probably sent it to you before), but just in case, here is the note from BB1 Theology where I discuss the Name:

Then God said to Moses, "I shall be who I am. This is what you will tell the sons of Israel: 'I am sent me to you.'" And God also said to Moses, "Thus you will say to the sons of Israel: 'the Lord [the "is": YHVH], the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, the God of Jacob sent me to you.' This is My Name forever, and this is how you are to think about me for all generations."
Exodus 3:14-15

Jehovah and Jahweh are the two most well-known English vocalizations of what is often called the "tetragrammaton", i.e. the four consonant name for the Lord explained in these verses. In Hebrew, yhvh, (יהוה) is traditionally vocalized as 'adonai, though it occurs in the Old Testament without vowels. The divine name "Lord", explained in these verses as based on "I am/shall be", can potentially be derived from either the Hebrew verb "to be" or the verb "to become" (the two verbs being very close in the Hebrew). Likewise, the form יהוה is a unique form which appears to be a cross between an imperfect (indicating repeated action irrespective of time as in "I shall be/I am") and an infinitive absolute (summing up the meaning of a verb at one throw: i.e., the very essence of "being/becoming"). Thus it is clear enough from the Hebrew context and verbal forms that "the Name" is a declaration that the Lord is the very definition of being and existence without regard to time or phenomena. Q.E.D.

As to "most Christians don't know that Jesus did indeed say that He is God", that is indeed sad, since He says it dozens of times in many different ways – and of course it is said about Him throughout scripture. But then "most Christians" don't bother to read their Bibles, let alone spend any time listening to or reading good Bible teaching. This is the era of Laodicea, after all.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #3: 

Hello Professor,

I had a question that my wife asked that I'm not sure how to answer. We are studying BB1 Theology, and we are doing the last segment, the Trinity in the Old Testament. As it relates to Christophanies, her question is, why if Jesus is God and is the co-equal, co-eternal, con-substantial member of the Trinity were people allowed to see him and still live? Obviously, these are pre-incarnate appearances of Him, and so would not be in his incarnate form. However, I am not sure how to answer that one! Help?

Yours in Christ Jesus

Response #3: 

You're probably thinking of this passage:

Then Moses said, “Now show me your glory.” And the LORD said, “I will cause all my goodness to pass in front of you, and I will proclaim my name, the LORD, in your presence. I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. But,” he said, “you cannot see my face, for no one may see me and live.” Then the LORD said, “There is a place near me where you may stand on a rock. When my glory passes by, I will put you in a cleft in the rock and cover you with my hand until I have passed by. Then I will remove my hand and you will see my back; but my face must not be seen.”
Exodus 33:18-23 NIV

Notice that Moses is told that he WILL see part of the glory of God, but that no one can see God's full glory and live, namely, His "face".

God doesn't have a "face" in the human sense since God is spirit. But before the incarnation God did represent Himself in human form, so that we might learn about Him and fellowship with Him. Sinful people that we are, that fellowship has been limited after the expulsion from Eden but will be fully restored in New Jerusalem (Rev.22:4).

They will see his face, and his name will be on their foreheads.
Revelation 22:4 NIV

So I take "face" as in "face to face" as in the close fellowship of a man talking to his friend (cf. Ex.33:11). We cannot see the extra-material glory of God since we are of this creation. That is true of course even of the angels. So we are dependent upon how God chooses to reveal Himself to us.

For God, who said, “Let light shine out of darkness,” made his light shine in our hearts to give us the light of the knowledge of God’s glory displayed in the face of Christ.
2nd Corinthians 4:6 NIV

What we do have, as this passage reminds us, is access to the truth, the written Word which is the direct reflection of the living Word, the Son of God our Savior, Jesus Christ – whose face we will behold in glory for all eternity.

Praise God for the hope of seeing our dear Lord face to face very soon!

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #4: 

[omitted discussion on reading fiction for relaxation]

But anyway it really is true that none of these so called gods have anything on Him (in terms of goodness or power). And I do feel like He spoils us with that: He is so forbearing and does provide for all and did give us the Bible and doesn't just change like the wind.

*I say modern idea because at one point Eros said love is about how something makes you feel. Which is what I think many modern people (including Christians) do indeed think. But this is an example of them having nothing on His goodness. Because His love is so much better than just that.

Response #4: 

"But this is an example of them having nothing on His goodness. Because His love is so much better than just that." Amen! So everything else suffers by comparison – for us who have that blessed point of comparison because we belong to Him.

Everything down here that is not directly related to the fight we are in is in some respects pointless. In eternity, we're not going to be disadvantaged by, e.g., not having watched 1,000 more football games or not having read 1,000 more novels or not having gone to the beach 1,000 more times.

On the other hand, human beings do need some R&R. Christians are given time. How we use it is up to us. Those who get married obligate a huge amount of any spare time right off the bat. Having to work for a living eats up time and energy. We have to sleep. We have to eat.

Carving out time for the Lord is where the real battle is fought.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #5: 

Dear Bob:

Do you think that the role of Judas Iscariot was essential for the plan of God?

That if he refused to betray Jesus another "Judas Iscariot" has to be found to fulfill that role?

And if Judas didn't kill himself. Could he have gotten forgiveness from Jesus?

Response #5: 

The important thing to remember about the plan of God is that there is only one – one perfect plan. Everything that actually happened or happens in this short stretch of time (short by God's standards) is part of that actual plan. There aren't actually any hypotheticals. The one plan that is playing out, ordained by God in eternity past (for want of a better name for it) is the only plan there is. And it is perfect. It perfectly took into account the free will of every creature created with the image of God. And the result is perfect: salvation and eternal reward for all who respond the way we should; self-selection for condemnation for all who would never in a million hypotheticals submit to God in their heart of hearts.

In Jesus Christ our dear Lord and Savior,

Bob L.

Question #6: 

Dear Bob:

So even if Judas didn't choose to betray Jesus. God's plan wouldn't be derailed in any way?

It's a bit unsettling that it looks like its inevitable. That this one man had to be lost in the perfect plan of God. As he didn't have free will in the end.

Its hard for a mortal for me to understand because I know that my choices make a lot of difference and due to others being human beings as well they themselves also have agency.

And that our actions have repercussions that our modern world would call "The Butterfly effect"

But then again if such a thing were to occur then the prophecy wouldn't have predicted events to have occurred that way..

Such is the sovereignty of God.

And without God there are many scenarios of dystopian realities occurring.

Response #6: 

It's not the easiest thing to explain. Judas had free will, just like we all do. If I were going to engage in hypotheticals, I would say that if he were going to decide not to betray the Lord, then someone else would have "gotten the job" of being "Judas". Goodness knows there are billions of 'good' candidates for that in the world even today!

But in fact, the plan is / was / will be the plan, the only one.

The fact that God is SO wise (for want of a better word) that He knew before hand exactly how the plan He was going to decree would turn out in every single respect – and that He took everything into account to 'factor in' all free will decisions – does not make our will any less free. In fact, without Him doing what He did there could have been no creation and no free will at all – because we wouldn't exist or have a place to use that free will if we did. We decided; He knew what we would decide; that doesn't determine our decisions – all philosophical speculation and argumentation notwithstanding.

Here are some links:

Judas Iscariot

More on Judas

Judas and the Betrayal of Christ

Was Judas saved?  And the so-called "gospel of Judas"

Judas and the plot to kill Jesus

Judas as a type of antichrist

The Manner of Judas' Death

Why didn't the others realize Judas was a traitor?

In Jesus our dear Lord and Savior,

Bob L.

Question #7: 

Hello Dr. Luginbill,

Just wanted to give you a quick update about my Bible study group. I think I told you previously that my group of five that I led through your eschatology study expanded to nine, which I then lead through Hamartiology. I was reluctant about the size, but all went well, and we just finished the study. The group loved it, and they were amazed how little they understood about sin and all its particulars! Praises to the Lord here!!

The group wanted to continue, so we will begin Theology-The study of God this Sunday! Praises for their desire for the truth of God's word, and prayers much appreciated (and needed!) Thanks again for all you amazing work and how your articulate the truth so well in your study's!

I do have a question that came to mind in my Bible reading today. I was reading about the Passover in Matthew Chapter 26. I was using my Scofield study Bible (NIV), and he had a marginal reference about forgiveness that reflected back to John Chapter 13 where Jesus washed the disciple's feet. (Imagine my surprise, he got something kinda right!)

Now as an aside, I was raised in a church that did foot washing services, never really understood the point even then, and the Church that my wife and I attend still do them, minus our attendance! I was excited when I finally found in your studies and emails that Jesus was illustrating forgiveness, our salvation bath, experiential forgiveness, etc. not some pointless ritual exercise that proves nothing!

Anyway, I read at the beginning of John Chapter 13, that the devil had already prompted Judas to betray Jesus, and Matthew 26, Luke 22 and Mark 14 has him going to the Chief Priest and agree to betray him for 30 pieces of silver prior to the Passover meal. I also read in John 13 that he leaves the group after he had dipped the bread, after the foot washing illustration by Jesus.

My question is, do you think that Jesus washed Judas feet along with the other disciples? I know the bible only talks about Peter specifically, and the others in general. The reason I ask this question is, as it relates to the study of Hamartiology we just finished, and that unbelief is the only unforgiveable sin. If Judas was never really a believer and had his salvation bath, how could Christ forgive him experientally? Or do you think he was a believer and had become apostate at some point? Or did Jesus maybe just wash all the disciple's feet as an illustration? Not that any of this matters in the grand scheme of things, I was just curious on your thoughts?

Anyway, hope you have a great day and wonderful weekend! No hurry in reply!

Yours in Christ Jesus our precious Lord and Savior!

Response #7: 

Great news about your Bible study! Well done, my friend! That's very encouraging, I must say.

As to your question, it's a great observation. Yes, of course Jesus must have washed Judas' feet as well. If He had not, that would surely have alerted the other eleven to the fact that something was wrong, but later they have no idea that Judas is the betrayer . . . until the deed is done.

Judas was never a believer. Christ picked him because the Spirit led Him to do so. It was necessary for the fulfillment of the prophecies and also for the plan of God for salvation for there to be a Judas. But we have no indication that he ever actually believed; just the opposite, e.g.:

[Judas] did not say this because he cared about the poor but because he was a thief; as keeper of the money bag, he used to help himself to what was put into it.
John 12:6 NIV

The above indicates a longstanding pattern, and we know that money was the issue in the betrayal. This is not remotely "believer activity" – far less betraying Jesus Christ! As our Lord Himself said,

"Have I not chosen you, the Twelve? Yet one of you is a devil!"
John 6:70 NIV

Here are some links:

Judas Iscariot

More on Judas

Judas and the Betrayal of Christ

Was Judas saved?  And the so-called "gospel of Judas"

Judas and the plot to kill Jesus

Judas as a type of antichrist

The Manner of Judas' Death

Why didn't the others realize Judas was a traitor?

Keep up the good work for Jesus Christ, my friend! And thanks for the great report.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #8:  

Hello Bob,

Matthew 26:48-49 (NASB)
48 Now he who was betraying Him gave them a sign, saying, “Whomever I kiss, He is the one; seize Him.” 49 Immediately Judas went to Jesus and said, “Hail, Rabbi!” and kissed Him.

Question: Why does Judas even need to kiss the one he is going to betray? I would think that he could simply point Jesus out especially since most of the Jewish leaders had already seen Him. Is this an indication of his sick perversity – that he wants to kiss whom he is going to betray?

In our Lord,

Response #8: 

I don't think we need to worry to much about the finer points of Judas' mind-set; given that He betrayed the Lord, this detail and its motivation is the least of his problems.

I suppose one could point out that in the dark and in a confused situation where there were multiple people who all looked pretty much alike in the torchlight, this would be a way of making sure that they 'got the right one'. It does serve to highlight the load that this betrayal must have placed on our Lord, since He had been nothing but good to this man – and was about to die for his sins (to no particular avail in his individual case).

One more indication that none of us could have possibly endured what our Lord endured even getting TO the point of the darkness on the cross, let alone once it fell.

In Jesus Christ our dear Lord and Savior,

Bob L.

Question #9: 

Dear Bob:

If Judas didn't hang himself after betraying Jesus but stuck around like Peter. And showed his face again seeking Jesus' forgiveness would he have remained condemned?

No doubt if it was to happen, Prophecy would have been different.

Pretty sad that he was lost. Even though he deserved everything coming to him.

Yours in Christ

Response #9: 

To be honest, I'm not much on "ifs". There are no "ifs" in the plan of God. The plan of God is absolutely perfect and all-comprehensive. It has taken into account and decreed every human free-will action. If the tiniest thing were to be changed – the smallest "if" admitted – it would be a different plan. But there is no other plan. Only the one we are taking part in right now.

Judas did what he did because he chose to do it. Ultimately, just like Satan, most human beings have no real use for God:

Yet they say to God, "Leave us alone! We have no desire to know your ways."
Job 21:14 NIV (cf. Job 22:17)

Yes, they would love to be in eternity – doing what they wish with no need to regard the Lord or His ways, with no inclination to thank or praise Him, with no respect for Him whatsoever if not coerced to show respect. This is the way the evil are – and most human beings (and one third of angels) are evil. That is true even if they seem nice, and even if they masquerade as angels of light (2Cor.11:14). That was true of Judas; that is true of Satan; that is true of most of the people in the world today, regardless of what a waste it is that they are going to be lost. And it really IS a horrible waste: because Christ died for all of their sins too. And that shows more clearly than anything that there is only one perfect plan of God, because if anyone who is not saved could have been saved they would have been saved – because Jesus paid the ultimate penalty in dying for their sins that they might be.

In Jesus our dear Savior,

Bob L.

Question #10: 

Hello Dr. Luginbill,

According to what I understand from the verse below, no one took Jesus' life, that is no lone killed Him.

John 10:17-18.
" 17Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again. 18No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.

However, the following verse says:

Mark 10:33-34.
" 33Saying, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be delivered unto the chief priests, and unto the scribes; and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles: 34And they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him: and the third day he shall rise again."

These two phrases in the above scriptures don't seem to be translated correctly or ?

John 10:18 says "No man taketh it from me[that is His life].
Mark 10:34 Jesus says "and shall kill Him" speaking of Himself.

Matthew 27:50 says: "And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit".

Help Help.

I don't understand.

Thanks always for your help in these matters.

Blessings to you,

Your friend,

Response #10: 

You are absolutely correct that our Lord died physically by giving up His spirit of His own accord.

However, in the Mark passage, He was talking with His disciples who, at that time, surely wouldn't have understood if He had said to them that He would be crucified and then, after having been judged in the darkness for the sins of the world, give up His spirit on the cross. So He told them what they could understand.

In the history of the ancient world I've never heard of a case where someone was crucified and had not been "killed" as a result. So the intention was to kill Him – and the result was His physical death, albeit it not in the way that the world expected (or that the disciples at this moment would have understood).

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #11: 

Hello Bob,

You said that "the tree of life in the Garden is a picture of our Lord who died on Calvary's tree to give us life". Then you cited Romans 11:11-24 as evidence.

I'm doing a study on Old Testament typology right now and would like some more clarity on this.

In our Savior and coming King,

Response #11: 

Jesus "bore our sins in His body on the tree [of the cross]" and opened back up for us the way into paradise. If Adam and Eve had been able to keep eating of that tree, they would have "lived forever" (Gen.3:22); but we do have the right to eat of it (communion representing our eating) and we will live forever with Jesus Christ.

I'll give you the links (do feel free to write back if you have specific questions):

The Menorah and the Tree of Life

The Golden Lampstand

The Tree of Life in New Jerusalem (in CT 6)

The Tree of Life in the Garden (in SR 3)

In Jesus.

Bob L.

Question #12: 

Hi Bob,

I've been reading over Christology again where it teaches about kenosis and how it is "essentially a set of "ground rules" wherein Jesus voluntarily refrained from using His deity to help His humanity during the first advent in accordance with the Father's will".

Our Lord in His humanity still had to learn truth and grow spiritually the same way we do, He had to go through the normal trials, temptations and obligations that we have in our lives, only the suffering and abuse He went through was far worse than we will ever go through. He still had to prepare for His ministry including the hardest thing He would ever go through when he went to the cross and died for our sins in our place. He had no unfair advantage in anything (due to kenosis) and unlike us He was perfect in everything. He wasted no time, He was committed to spiritual growth every day and made it His top priority. He was completely dedicated to doing the Father's will.

So it got me thinking that if it was necessary for our Lord Jesus to do this then there is no reason for us to think that we don't need to do the same. It's necessary for us to learn, believe and apply the Word to our lives, to grow spiritually, to pass the tests that come our way in preparation for helping others to do the same using the spiritual gifts we have been given. But also in preparation for the Tribulation the hardest thing that we will ever go through in our lives. This will be nowhere near the suffering our Lord went through in dying for us on the cross so that our sins could be forgiven and we could have eternal life with Him. We can't even comprehend exactly what He went through for us or the deep love He has for us. So our Lord deserves nothing less than for us to love Him with all our heart and soul and mind. (Matt.22:37) To give our all for Him even if that means we are one of those to lose our lives - to be martyred for His glory. We are here to please and to glorify Him.

We need the Lord and we can't do anything apart from Him. (John 15:5) We need to draw closer to Him day by day through prayer and studying the Word. (James 4:8, Psalm 145:18) We need to have a deep, personal relationship with Him to the point where He is more real to us than anything we can see or hear or touch in this world. Our Lord will never leave us or forsake us (Deut. 31:6) and He will give us the strength to come through whatever we have to face.

I have the strength to endure all things in the One who empowers me to do so.
Philippians 4:13

Our Lord Jesus is our perfect example in everything and we have the confident hope and expectation that we too will soon be resurrected and be with Him for eternity.

Thanks for your wonderful teaching, Bob. We've spoken a lot about spiritual growth and the Tribulation and I wanted to share with you what has been in my heart today.

In Jesus Christ our dear Lord and Saviour

Response #12: 

That's really wonderful!

Indeed, our Lord is our example in all things.

To this you were called, because Christ suffered for you, leaving you an example, that you should follow in his steps.
1st Peter 2:21 NIV

And you are absolutely right about the importance of being close to Him when the Tribulation begins. To the extent that we are still dependent upon and engaged with this world, we will have troubles as a result; but to the extent that we have considered ourselves crucified to this world (Gal.6:14; cf. Rom.6:3-14) and are seeing Him with us through the eyes of faith (Ps.16:8; 1Pet.1:8-9; Heb.11:27; 12:2), to that extent the fight will be winnable, and we will be able to endure it all with peace, no matter what we are going to have to suffer. That is the sort of thinking, however, that only mature believers who have prepared themselves will be easily able to apply. So failure to prepare now will indeed be a disadvantage then. All the more reason why "pre-Trib" is such a dangerous false doctrine: it may "feel good" now, but it will put us in bad shape then – sort of like sleeping in and foregoing exercise day after day for months, and THEN having to take a USMC PFT test. Not the best approach (of course, they've changed it since I was in, but still)!

I've got no worries about you! Keep fighting the good fight for Jesus Christ!

In Him,

Bob L.

Question #13: 

Thank you Bob! And thanks for all of the verses you wrote for me. I enjoyed reading through all of them today.

Thanks for sharing the article about how the invasion has disrupted relations between Ukrainian and Russian evangelicals. It was shocking to see how the pressures can make people react like that. Is this an example Bob, where their "patriotism" and imprecatory prayers have dragged them into being too engaged with this world rather than being crucified to it - just as you wrote in your last email to me? As you said, it's good for us to take these things into consideration because there will be a time for us in the Tribulation when the pressure really IS on and things really ARE right on our own doorstep.

We don't belong in this world, we're strangers to it just sojourning through. Our true home is waiting for us in the New Jerusalem with our Lord who we love more than anyone or anything else. That's where our focus needs to remain. (Hebrews 11:13-16).

I'm so thankful for the Lord's protection of you and yours (in those recent tornadoes)!

In Jesus

Response #13: 

I do think you're right about that. I love my country too – even though I believe it is going to morph into mystery Babylon just as soon as the Tribulation begins. So I understand both sticking up for it when others think it is doing wrong and also being very much anti- anyone who wants to take it down. But I have learned from scripture that while a certain amount of that is just what a believer should be/do because he/she is a believer, I also know that getting too far "over one's skis" on either of those natural tendencies is a mistake as well. We followers of Christ know that our kingdom is the one which is coming and NOT the one down here (wherever we live), and that should guide all of our actions. So the more we keep ourselves – and our emotions – out of politics, foreign and domestic, the happier we shall be and also the less likely to get too deeply sucked into actions or movements which are not of God at all. As mentioned often, this temptation is going to reach its peak during the first half of the Tribulation. So it's good to start seeing things clearly here and now.

"We don't belong in this world, we're strangers to it just sojourning through. Our true home is waiting for us in the New Jerusalem with our Lord who we love more than anyone or anything else. That's where our focus needs to remain. (Hebrews 11:13-16)" – Amen and Amen!

Keeping you in my prayers.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #14: 

Hello Dr. Luginbill,

Just wondering if you had stand-alone teaching on the subject of Theodicy? Please let me know if you do, and the Website reference. Thanks so much.

One other question that is bugging me. Why did not the translators of the Bible in different versions such as the NASB, make the writing more clear? There is one that my wife ran into this morning while doing our Bible study.

It is in Luke 16 verse 16, where it says: "and everyone is "forcing" his way into it, referring to the Kingdom of God."

Looked this phrase up in Strong's concordance and... oh well, no help at all. We finally figured it out by using the German translation and some commentaries that I am careful to reference from time to time. Again, why make it so difficult for the average person to understand?

Thanks once again for your super help.

Blessings to you always,

Your friend,

Response #14: 

As this is not an apologetics ministry, I don't have anything on Theodicy per se, but I often make the point that people blaming God is always foolish, considering what the Father did in judging His Son in our place. The cross is the best "theodicy" I know of. Plus the Bible has a whole book on this: the book of Job. Free will is also a big part of that, and I cover that throughout Ichthys (you might check what I've written on this score in regard to salvation in BB 4B: "The sacrifice of Christ proof-positive of God's goodwill towards all").

As to Luke 16:16 and translators, one thing a good translator has to do first off is to establish the text. The phrase in KJV, "and every man presseth into it", is not a part of the Bible but is instead a late addition (it's not found in the original of Sinaiticus nor in uncial G for example). The addition seems to be a clumsy attempt to harmonize it with a similar passage in Matthew where the same verb, biazomai, "to use violence" is employed.  The passages, however, are making different points (note that in the second one, the double brackets indicate the false interpolation wherein it is obvious that the verse makes much more sense without it:

Since the days of John the baptist until this present time, the Kingdom of God has been under violent attack, and violent men (biastai) are laying hands upon it (biazomai).
Matthew 11:12

The law and the prophets were until John: since that time (i.e., "since" and not "until" John) the kingdom of God is preached . . . [[and every man presseth (biazomai) into it]].
Luke 16:16 KJV

In Jesus our dear Lord and Savior,

Bob L.

Question #15: 

Hi Bob,

In response to a question about Isaiah 6:7 you said,

"This is the burning fire into which Jesus went to have our sins seared away in His body during the three hours of darkness on Calvary's cross."

Can you point me to an Ichthys link that describes the mechanics of how this worked – I can't wrap my head around it.

Thank you Jesus!,

Response #15: 

We have limited information – for a reason. On the one hand, we can't really understand what it was like for the Lord to bear and be judged for even one single sin; on the other hand, this is the most important thing in all of history to an infinite degree, so that appreciating it has been left for only those who really want to follow Him closely.

The analogy in the quote is from the sacrifices of the Law which represent Him, sacrifices which were burned up completely on the altar (fire always represents judgment).

Here's the best link for the a full discussion: in BB 4A: "The Spiritual Death of Christ".

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #16: 

Hi Bob,

How are we supposed to think about Jesus in our faith-rest? When I think of Him it’s always lower than it should be. He is infinite and perfect, yet my imagination always comes up with something distorted (too low of His glory than what I know it is). In addition, if I think about Him as a Man then that also feels icky because that puts Him on the same level as humankind because imagining a man always has some kind of equalizing factor which also feels wrong. Basically I’m wondering how does one properly visualize God Himself? How do we think about Him and His glory in a humble way. To make this even harder, when I think of Jesus’ glorified state in Revelation 3 then I think of the verse that we will “be like Him” and that is not a humbling thought either. Basically I would like to know how to approach visualizing Jesus in a way that attains humility on our end while also keeping Jesus and His glory in the highest place in our minds at the same time.

Thank you.

In our Lord,

Response #16: 

Getting to the point of seeing / understanding just how small we are is a mark of spiritual maturity. That you are thinking about the issue is a great sign. Human beings that we are, living in bodies infested with sin, even when we know very much better we tend to imagine ourselves as immense – though we are infinitesimally tiny. We don't occupy 1% of the volume of the room we are in at present, a tiny space on a tiny planet in a massive universe that is nothing in comparison to God. And yet our Lord became one with us to save us and to make us His own.

When it comes to this issue and related ones, the Bible is deliberately short of visual details. For example, we are told to set our minds on "the things above" (Col.3:1-2), but even with the descriptions we are given of heaven and New Jerusalem in Revelation, "visualization" is difficult for those, like myself, whose imagination is not very good – and it's no doubt dangerous to "go beyond what is written" in thinking about these things in any case (1Cor.4:6).

So while we have what we have, we have far less than we would like on this score. But there are good reasons for that, but in our visual culture it cuts across the grain of what we are used to. Jesus Christ is the truth. If we have "seen Him", we have seen the Father (Jn.14:9); similarly, if we have seen / heard the truth, we have seen / heard Him. So the solution, as with all things in the Christian life, is the continued pursuit of spiritual growth, and of application of our hearts to the truth and its principles in our daily walk one step at a time. Christ can only "dwell in our hearts" . . . through faith (Eph.3:16-17).

Some links:

Seeing Christ with the eyes of faith

Transforming our thinking

You have God – the Holy Spirit – within you to aid you in being "occupied with Christ" in a godly and humble way. Listen to Him and He will guide you into the right path always (cf. Ps.119).

In Jesus Christ who humbled Himself to the point of death – spiritual death in the darkness on the cross – to save us from all of our sins.

Bob L.

Question #17: 

Hi Dr L,

This past ICHTHYS post: "After all, we must never forget that it is NOT the physical death of our Lord which saves us."

Doesn't 1 Corinthians 15:3 say his death was for our sins. I mean I even looked at the Greek and it seems to say that to me in the Greek too.


Okay back on the original topic (and saying that, it feels kinda wrong to talk about such trivial things right after such an important topic), this is such a common understanding to my knowledge in most denominations. And such a large thing to get wrong. When I read that, I went and tried to find any verse that says His death saves us and it was quite a feeling not finding any (so far) except that one. Please let me know when you have time.

Response #17: 

Apologies for the delay. I post on Saturdays so I don't get to emails.

Did Christ die for us? Indeed! That is an essential part of the gospel. What people get wrong is that they think this means His physical death. But what saves us is His death for our sins, His spiritual death, being judged while hanging on the cross during those three hours of darkness for all of our sins. What that entailed cannot really be fully understood this side of heaven, but suffice it to say that all the pain suffered in the history of the world doubtless would not equal what He suffered in dying for a single sin – and He died for ALL our sins. The best link for this at Ichthys is in BB 4A: Christology, "The Spiritual Death of Christ".

Question #18:  

I don't think it inherently and necessarily follows that since his body wasn't burned then it wasn't his physical death for our sins too. If the language could be symbolic for his spiritual death I don't see what it couldn't also be symbolic for the physical death.

I do see the statement stated twice that salvation was accomplished before he gave up His spirit but the ones I see on that page don't necessarily show that.

Many times in the Bible future things would be described as having already happened, so I don't know that we can for-certain use the 'it is done' as the proof.

The line 'why have You forsaken Me?' could mean that it had begun, but I don't see why that points for certain to when exactly it was finished being accomplished, just that it either started or was just about to start.

And the repetitions of how He had to bear our sins in His body, also seem to point to the necessity of the physical death (or at the very least physical torture, for lack of a better tern) as part of salvation, and not just spiritual.

It may also be possible that as He was bleeding to death, at that last moments of bleeding He gave up His spirit with those words. But even if not, I don't see why that necessarily and inherently means his physical death was not part of our salvation buying.

I meant to say I don't see the proofs for that statement. I mean in everyday situations you will hear people say that something is done when it may not be to the absolute end/finish, but it is almost there.

Response #18: 

I read this in scripture:

And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit.
Matthew 27:50 NKJV

And Jesus cried out with a loud voice, and breathed His last.
Mark 15:37 NKJV

And when Jesus had cried out with a loud voice, He said, “Father, ‘into Your hands I commit My spirit.’ ” Having said this, He breathed His last.
Luke 23:46 NKJV

So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.
John 19:30 NKJV

So all four gospels are in agreement that our Lord voluntarily gave His physical life – after "it was finished". Therefore it was His spiritual death wherein He died for the sins of the world, being judged for them during the three hours of darkness, that saved us, not His expulsion of His spirit after He had already procured salvation for us all. That was "finished" and then He departed.

Again, the best place for the details is at this link: "The Spiritual Death of Christ".

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #19: 

After He said it was finished. You are simply giving the statement that that was also when it was finished. But many times the Bible talks of things happening and being done before they actually happened. And esp since, with the view of the physical death as being part, along with the spiritual death, of what gives us salvation, that the words seem to come directly before physical death-it just seems even more likely. Someone on the last step/doing the last step, could very well say it was finished and then did right after did finish it in absolute terms.

Response #19: 

It's an important doctrine to get right.

When Christ said that He had completed our salvation ("It is finished"; Greek: tetelstai, cf. Ps.22:31), He wasn't referring to the imminent exhaling of His breath – which He could have done easily enough before the three hours of darkness if that is all there was to it. In fact, He suffered fiery judgment for every sin in three hours of darkness that preceded this.

He made Him who had no [personal] experience of sinning [to be] sin (i.e., a sin offering) for us, so that we might have (lit., “become”) God's righteousness in Him.
2nd Corinthians 5:21

He Himself bore our sins in His body on the tree, in order that we might die to sins and live to righteousness. By His wound you are healed.
1st Peter 2:24

His bearing our sins in His body and being judged for us is what saves us. That is what "being made sin for us" means, not merely exhaling His spirit.

It really would help to read the link.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #20: 

The question at hand is if the physical death was part of the sacrifice He made to save us from our sins (directly part of why we are saved), along with the spiritual death. Here is where I am at:

The one verse that seems to bear the closest relation to the whole question without logical jumps was that He said it was finished right before He died physically and after He died spiritually. As I mentioned before: we humans ourselves use the concept of saying something is done right at the end of the act even if it isn't technically completely finished yet (e.g. the example I have previously of being in a fight and saying 'it is over" as one deals the finishing blow.

But the way this logic sets it up (assuming both the spiritual and physical deaths are the principal/salient things that saves us) makes it half finished before He says that line and half after. So it doesn't fit the example of the last part of the act (i.e., say something is done at 50% vs 95%). I suppose one could argue that He was physically dying the whole time, and He said that right at the finish of dying, but the truth is that you're not dead until you are dead (I mean just look at the way we can save lives of people right at the point and bring them back). Even if you are on the way there, the actual dying part is its own thing I think.

Response #20: 

You wrote: "The question at hand is if the physical death was part of the sacrifice He made to save us from our sins (directly part of why we are saved), along with the spiritual death." That is indeed the question, specifically, your parenthetical remark: "directly part of why we are saved".

I suppose one could say that everything about our Lord has to do with salvation. For example, His virgin birth: had He not been born a human being, and one without a sin nature at that, we could not have been saved.

However, scripture does have a technical term for Christ's work on the cross in dying for our sins: "the blood of Christ" (e.g., 1Cor.10:16; Eph.2:13; Heb.9:14):

(18) For you know that it was not with perishable things [like] silver or gold that you were ransomed from the futile manner of life passed down to you by your ancestors, (19) but [you were redeemed] with precious blood, like that of a lamb without spot or blemish, [that is, by the blood] of Christ.
1st Peter 1:18-19

This passage and the passages referenced (and others as well) make it very clear that it is "the blood of Christ" which saves us.

In RC theology, that "blood" is literal blood. However, as our conversation about this has already made clear, Christ exhaled His spirit so as to give up His physical life. He most assuredly did not bleed to death (cf. Jn.19:34 which proves His blood was still in His body after death).

So the question is, if the blood of Christ is not His literal blood, then what is it? The answer is that this is a metaphor for His spiritual death whereby He took away the sins of the world. In the Levitical sacrifices, a lamb is slaughtered and its blood represents what saves us, blood covering our sins – someone else' blood, Christ's "blood", not His literal blood, but Him standing judgment for our sins. The lamb represents Christ; its blood represents His spiritual death for us as it "covers" the sins on which it is poured out.

He Himself bore our sins in His body on the tree, in order that we might die to sins and live to righteousness. By His wound you are healed.
1st Peter 2:24

Christ's body was most definitely involved: our sins could not have been "placed upon Him" unless He had a human body to bear them. Paul describes it this way:

He made Him who had no [personal] experience of sinning [to be] sin (i.e., a sin offering) for us, so that we might have God's righteousness in Him.
2nd Corinthians 5:21

That is to say, Christ stood in as our Substitute, being judged for every one of our sins which He literally "bore" and was judged for. This He did in the three hours of darkness on Calvary.

For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of the heifer sprinkled upon the unclean render a person holy in respect to bodily cleansing, how much more will the blood of Christ, who offered Himself (i.e., His body; cf. 1Pet.3:18) without defect to God through the eternal Spirit, cleanse our conscience from dead works so that we may serve the living God?
Hebrews 9:14

As this passage makes clear, Christ's spiritual death for us, His spiritual death on our behalf, was a supernatural process wherein He did offer His body – to bear our sins and have them judged in Him.

So it's not as if His body was uninvolved. Far from it. And it's not as if the "normal" physical suffering He endured was nothing – no one else could have stood the punishment He took and have lived to do what He did for us. But it is also true that the blood of Christ, the sacrifice He made for us, had to do with something even more important – and even more painful (beyond what we can even imagine). This is what saves us, Jesus being subjected to the judgment for the sins of the world, something only the brutal death of animal sacrifice can come close to representing for us by way of analogy.

But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ.
Ephesians 2:13 NKJV

And they sang a new song, saying, “You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its seals, because you were slain and have purchased with your blood for our God [men] from every tribe and tongue and people and nation, and have made them into a kingdom and priests to our God, and they will rule upon the earth!”
Revelation 5:9-10

In Jesus our dear Savior,

Bob L.

Question #21: 

I am honestly uncertain on that because He didn't bleed to death that it isn't His literal blood. Why couldn't it be His literal blood anyway? I am also not certain we can say for sure that He didn't bleed to death. Is it possible that He was bleeding to death, and at the last breath exhaled His spirit kind of thing? Also I almost feel kind of callous talking about His death like that. I don't mean to. I am not sure how to speak and ask questions about this with the correct gravity and respect.

Response #21: 

"Why couldn't it be His literal blood anyway?"

How would that be? The only way I can see that is if we have a "holy grail" and all the other RC nonsense.

The analogy of the lamb is where the analogy of the blood comes from. Jesus is not literally a lamb. Jesus did not have His throat cut. Jesus' body was not burned up. Jesus did not die from loss of blood as the lamb does. And a lamb cannot actually bear sins – only Christ could do that.

"Is it possible that He was bleeding to death. . ."

Scripture never tells us that He was bleeding at all. And His blood was all in His body after death (Jn.19:34).

Christ's dying for our sins is an amazing thing. It was only possible through the agency of the Spirit (Heb.9:14). What He suffered for us is beyond understanding. But it was much more than merely giving up His physical life. He was "made sin for us" and "bore our sins" in His body on the cross.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #22: 

Hi Dr L,

I don't know anything about this 'holy grail' thing, but you seem to be dismissing it anyway.

It seems clear to me that open wounds from being scourged, the thorns on the head, and hanging on nails would make one bleed. And that you can bleed to death while still having blood in the body after death.

I am not denying that His spiritual death was a principal part. What I am stuck on is whether His physical death was/was not a direct principal part of the saving (in addition to the spiritual). I am sorry if I am frustrating you, I really am just trying to understand.

But I think the answer to help me understand may be in that us dying physically is not considered payment for our sins. Without Him we do have to pay for our sins, and based on His generous and not-cruel nature, and that His actions and words seem to say that we can't just get new sinless bodies after we die, maybe we conclude that our physical death is not enough/or not it at all/not related at all in regards to paying for sins. The people who were brought back into their original sinful bodies and died again I think illustrates this. Because that would just be repeating the payment/punishment if that is what it was. And it isn't like partial payment because you can't make partial payment on what is an infinite amount (eternity) for us and a different, uh degree, for lack of better word (spiritual). So that thinking is applied to His physical death as well, I suppose it follows that His physical death was not related to payment for sin (at least not directly).

Response #22: 

The physical suffering of our Lord was intense, no doubt, and it did involve blood, though certainly nowhere enough to bleed to death (that idea is disproved by John 19:34, and John uses that fact as a proof also of Christ's humanity at 1Jn.5:7-8).

But you are correct: physical suffering of the normal human type does not remit sin, nor does physical death – we all die physically (Heb.9:27), after all, but only believers are saved (Jn.3:18):

And according to the law almost all things are purified with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no remission [of sins].
Hebrews 9:22 NKJV

But why should blood remit sins? Again, this is an analogy wherein the blood of the lamb represents the intensity of the spiritual death Christ suffered to take away the sins of the world (cf. 1Pet.1:19: "like that of a lamb without spot or blemish").

As I have said more than once, dying spiritually for the least human sin was more painful for our Lord than all human suffering throughout all of history put together – and He died for all sins.

So I am loathe to say anything that would diminish in any way the great sacrifice our Lord made for us all.

But I will concede that His physical suffering before He exhaled His spirit does play a role: anyone who reads of His ordeal will have to admit, being honest with themselves, that what Christ suffered before He died for the sins of the world in the three hours of darkness (i.e., His spiritual death, the "blood of Christ") was more than they could ever take. Therefore His physical suffering gives us a small – very small – idea of just how difficult dying for the sins of the world thereafter was going to be.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #23: 

Us talking about His death, I have found I am unable to think about it after our last message. But I was realizing this morning that at least now I don't care who gets offended when someone brings Him up, I mean to say I don't care about that offended person's feelings. It is an insult and narcissism even if you weren't thinking about His death and were only thinking of His position as God. I feel confrontational about it, I mean at the person pulling the 'I'm offended' card and trying to guilt or shame believers.

Response #23: 

Good for you!

I also should have mentioned in our discussion that the communion ritual informs this discussion as well. The bread represents Christ's body – which is His person – while the wine represents His blood – which is His work on the cross (see the link). Clearly in both cases, bread and wine, body and blood, we have to do with symbolism since we don't eat His actual body nor drink His actual blood. That is obvious (to all but religions like the RCs).

In Jesus,

Bob L.

P.S.:  If you haven't noticed or already done so, please check out the list of wonderful ministry offerings on the Special Topics page, including John Jackson (anyone with questions about the "church-visible" will find this helpful), "Bible Readings by Emma", Bible Reading Log by Christian Vassallo (helps for reading through the English Bible),  The Holocaust: A Biblical and Historical Examination (Future Implications) by Fred London, the Expanded Index to Old Testament translations at Ichthys, Foundational Principles, by Odii Ariwodo, "The Peter series" translated into Kiswahili by Resi Kilambo, Video presentations by Steven Tammen based on the SR series, and Steven's group studies of BB 6A.

*Special Prayer Request

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  • For Chris, for health concerns (memory and fatigue), and for blessing on his job.

  • *For Cary, for deliverance in persecution on the job for sticking up for the Lord and for the truth (special harassment for a Christian teacher in a state school where Mormons are in charge) [have not heard from our friend for quite a while].
  • For Alex' and Chris' mother, for her salvation and the opening of her heart to the truth.
  • For Amber's continued spiritual growth and encouragement, and for her healing.  Please also pray for the salvation of her grandmother.
  • *For Sande, for help getting through his officer cadet program (broken leg healed but plagued by tendonitis). Please pray also for his health and the health of his mother and grandmother.

  • For Jeffery, for the salvation of his two sons.
  • For comfort and encouragement for Charles and his family in the recent loss of wife and mother.
  • For Kamil, a new believer, who has been unjustly accused because of his family's political activities.
  • For the spiritual growth and encouragement of Max and his family.
  • For Michael, for his health and for his livelihood in providing for his family, and for his efforts in leading his family to the truth of the Word. [our friend is currently unemployed and his business is out of operation, so please pray for him for restoration of livelihood]

  • For Sam, for help and support and encouragement in moving away from a legalistic and controlling environment in order to seek and serve the Lord in a godly way.

  • More E-mails:       Complete archive of previous emails:  Ichthys' Emails

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation VI

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XV

    Eschatology Issues XCI

    Christology Questions XI

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations XII

    Eschatology Issues XC

    Biblical Interpretation XV

    Eschatology Issues LXXXIX

    Eschatology Issues LXXXVIII

    Eschatology Issues LXXXVII

    Eschatology Issues LXXXVI

    Fighting the Fight XV

    Eschatology Issues LXXXV

    Fighting the Fight XIV

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XIV

    Eschatology Issues LXXXIV

    Biblical Anthropology IX

    Eschatology Issues LXXXIII

    Prayer Questions V

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XIII

    Cults and Christianity XIII

    Eschatology Issues LXXXII

    Culture and Christianity XXIII

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading VII

    Eschatology Issues LXXXI

    Church: The Biblical Ideal versus the Contemporary Reality III

    Angelic Issues X

    Biblical Interpretation XIV

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ XII

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading VI

    Eschatology Issues LXXX

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading V

    Eschatology Issues LXXIX

    Eschatology Issues LXXVIII

    Eschatology Issues LXXVII

    Eschatology Issues LXXVI

    Eschatology Issues LXXV

    Eschatology Issues LXXIV

    Eschatology Issues LXXIII

    Fighting the Fight XIII

    Marriage and the Bible IX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XII

    Eschatology Issues LXXII

    Eschatology Issues LXXI

    Eschatology Issues LXX

    Eschatology Issues LXIX

    Church History III

    Gospel Questions XVII

    Eschatology Issues LXVIII

    Eschatology Issues LXVII

    Baptism: Water and Spirit X

    Eschatology Issues LXVI

    Eschatology Issues LXV

    Old Testament Interpretation XVII

    Eschatology Issues LXIV

    Eschatology Issues LXIII

    Gospel Questions XVI

    Eschatology Issues LXII

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ XI

    Eschatology Issues LXI

    Biblical Interpretation XIII

    Eschatology Issues LX

    Eschatology Issues LIX

    Eschatology Issues LVIII

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ X

    Eschatology Issues LVII

    Eschatology Issues LVI

    Eschatology Issues LV

    Confronting False Groups and False Teaching V

    Eschatology Issues LIV

    Eschatology Issues LIII

    Struggling with Faith and Sin

    Eschatology Issues LII

    Eschatology Issues LI

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XI

    Eschatology Issues XXXXX

    Christian Perspectives on Disease and Death

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ IX

    Eschatology Issues XLIX

    Culture and Christianity XXII

    Eschatology Issues XLVIII

    Eschatology Issues XLVII

    Eschatology Issues XLVI

    Eschatology Issues XLV

    Culture and Christianity XXI

    Eschatology Issues XLIV

    Theology Questions IV

    Eschatology Issues XLIII

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ VIII

    Eschatology Issues XLII

    Isaiah Questions

    Eschatology Issues XLI

    Eschatology Issues XL

    Eschatology Issues XXXIX

    Eschatology Issues XXXVIII

    Eschatology Issues XXXVII

    Eschatology Issues XXXVI

    Confronting False Groups and False Teaching IV

    Eschatology Issues XXXV

    Eschatology Issues XXXIV

    Eschatology Issues XXXIII

    Eschatology Issues XXXII

    Eschatology Issues XXXI

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry X

    Eschatology Issues XXX

    Eschatology Issues XXIX

    Old Testament Interpretation XVI

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief VII

    New Testament Interpretation IX

    Fighting the Fight XII

    Eschatology Issues XXVIII

    Spiritual Warfare VII

    Believers in the World XI

    Revelation Questions II

    Believers in the World X

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation V

    Biblical Interpretation XII

    Old Testament Interpretation XV

    Gospel Questions XV

    Fighting the Fight XI

    Apologetics and Legalism II

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry IX

    Gospel Questions XIV

    The 'Rapture' and other Eschatological Issues

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry VIII

    Marriage and the Bible VIII

    Believers in the World IX

    Biblical Interpretation XI

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief VI

    Cults and Christianity XII

    Eschatology Issues XXVII

    Theological Questions III

    New Testament Interpretation VIII

    Eschatology Issues XXVI

    Old Testament Interpretation XIV

    Politics versus Spiritual Growth IV

    Old Testament Interpretation XIII

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief V

    Biblical Interpretation X

    Fighting the Fight X

    Politics versus Spiritual Growth III

    Baptism: Water and Spirit IX

    Biblical Anthropology VIII

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation IV

    Genesis Questions IV

    Fighting the Fight IX

    Eschatology Issues XXV

    Angelic Issues IX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry VII

    Legalism, Past, Present and Future IV

    New Testament Interpretation VII

    Eschatology Issues XXIV: the 'Rapture' et al.

    Believers in the World VIII: Coping with Family

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief IV

    Believers in the World VII

    Culture and Christianity XX

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations XI

    Cults and Christianity XI

    Spiritual Gifts and False Teaching

    Angelic Issues VIII

    Christology Questions X

    Believers in the World VI

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers VI

    Atheism and Evangelism

    New Testament Interpretation VI

    Old Testament Interpretation XII

    Fighting the Fight VIII

    Spiritual Warfare VI

    Sin, Faith and Suffering

    Prayer, Vows and Confession

    Eschatology Issues XXIII

    Apologetics, Ministry and False Teaching

    Culture and Christianity XIX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry VI

    Church: The Biblical Ideal versus the Contemporary Reality II

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief III

    Fighting the Fight VII

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions VI

    Interpretation, Application, Exegesis and Ministry

    Biblical Anthropology VII

    Baptism: Water and Spirit VIII

    Text and Canon

    New Testament Interpretation V

    Grace versus Law II

    Apathy, Atheism, Cults and False Teaching

    All about Ichthys III

    The Battlefield Within II: Combating anger, fear, blaming God, blaming others

    Salvation Questions III

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation III

    Eschatology Issues XXII

    Cults and Christianity X

    Cults and Christianity IX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry V

    Fighting the Fight VI

    Marriage and the Bible VII

    Culture and Christianity XVIII: Substance Use and Abuse, Tithing, Politics and Environmentalism, Friendship, Self-Defense, and Work

    Paul the Apostle: Aspects of his Life and Ministry II

    Old Testament Interpretation XI

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ VII

    The Transitional Era of the Book of Acts and its Unique Spiritual Gifts

    Old Testament Interpretation X

    Marriage and the Bible VI

    The pre-Trib 'Rapture': so called 'imminence' and other false proofs refuted

    Encouragement, Spiritual Testing and Spiritual Growth III

    Eschatology Issues XXI

    Eschatology Issues XX

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations X

    Legalism, Past and Present III: Sabbath observance, tithing, dietary regulations and other issues

    Believers in the World V: Ministering, Mutually Encouraging, and Coping with Family, Politics, and Health

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief II

    Old Testament Interpretation IX

    Christology Questions IX: Christ and His Church

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ VI: Perseverance

    Science and the Bible III

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation II

    Eschatology Issues XIX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry IV

    Bible Interpretation IX

    Marriage and the Bible V

    Gospel Questions XIII

    Biblical Anthropology VI

    Cults and Christianity VIII

    Fighting the Fight V: Dispatches from the Laodicean 'Front' II

    Old Testament Interpretation VIII

    Eschatology Issues XVIII

    Spiritual Growth III

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry III

    Sin, Guilt, and Salvation II

    New Testament Interpretation IV

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations IX

    Peace, Reconciliation and Salvation

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ V: Soldiers of the Cross

    Baptism: Water and Spirit VII

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation

    Cults and Christianity VII

    Old Testament Interpretation VII

    Sin, Guilt, and Salvation

    Eschatology Issues XVII

    Dangers of the Pre-Trib Rapture False Teaching

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations VIII

    The Infinity, Magnitude, Glory, Providence and Plan of God

    Eschatology Issues XVI

    Gospel Questions XII

    The Bible and the Canon: The Inspired Word of God IV

    Nephilim, Antichrist, the False Prophet and the Mark of the Beast

    Angelic Issues VII

    Prayer Questions II

    The Trinity and Messianic Legalism II

    Annihilationism, Universalism, Hell and Judgment II

    Atheism and Apologetics II

    Politics versus Spiritual Growth II

    Culture and Christianity XVII: Humor, Self-Defense, Pacifism and War

    Culture and Christianity XVI: Alcohol, Money and Dietary Issues

    Dreams, Visions, Miracles, Exorcism, Tongues, and False Prophets

    Calvinism, Catholicism and Ichthys

    Apologetics, Legalism, Cults and Philosophy

    The Law, Legalism, and Rome

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ IV

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers V

    Faith and Free Will in Trial and Testing

    Free Will and God's WILL in Salvation

    Jobs, Money, Finances and Giving: What does the Bible say?

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry II

    Eschatology Issues XV

    Dealing with Sin and Guilt

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ III

    Preparing for Tribulation II

    It is Better on the Other Side

    Family Matters

    Christology Questions VIII: The Deity, Humanity and Life of Christ

    The Lives of the Apostles and the Writing of the New Testament II

    Biblical People and Places: Eve, Cain, Noah, Abraham, Hagar, Esau, Joseph and more

    Biblical Anthropology V: Body, Spirit and 'Soul', Present and Future

    Satan, Antichrist, the False Prophet and the Mark of the Beast

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions V

    Prophets, Prophecy, and False Prophets

    Christology Questions VII: The Life and Spiritual Death of Christ and Holy Communion

    The Bible and the Canon: The Inspired Word of God III

    Culture and Christianity XV: The Bible vs. some Sensitive Social and Political Issues

    Christology Questions VI: Christophany, Deity and the Spiritual Death of Christ

    Encouragement, Spiritual Testing and Spiritual Growth II

    Spiritual Warfare V

    Cults and Christianity VI

    Fighting the Fight IV: Dispatches from the Laodicean 'Front'

    Eschatology Issues XIV

    The Gift of Tongues: Part 3

    The Resurrection Body and our Eternal Future II

    Gospel Questions XI

    Blindness, Disease and Healing

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry

    Atheism and Apologetics

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations VII

    Church History II

    Salvation Questions II

    Culture and Christianity XIV

    Encouragement, Spiritual Testing and Spiritual Growth

    Judaism and Legalism in the church-visible

    Bible Interpretation VIII

    Apostasy, Sin and Salvation

    Confronting False Groups and False Teaching III

    Eschatology Issues XIII: Time of the Tribulation and the Resurrection, Antichrist and the Mark of the Beast

    Salvation Questions

    Theological Questions II

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions IV

    Old Testament Interpretation VI

    More Questions on the Book of Hebrews: Melchizedek, Esau, and the 'Impossibility' of Being Restored

    Believers in the World IV: Making Godly Choices vs. Following Man-Made Rules

    Guilt, Sin and Victory through Spiritual Growth

    Confronting False Groups and False Teaching II

    Cults and Christianity V

    Politics versus Spiritual Growth

    Christian Struggle, Perseverance and Deliverance

    The Bible and the Natural World

    Sin, Fear and Forgiveness

    An Extended Conversation on the 'Unpardonable' Sin

    Eternal Realities: Real Heaven, Real Hell

    Eschatology Issues XII: Babylon, Armageddon, Israel, 2026

    Ministers, Ministry, and Preparation for Ministry

    Evangelism in Principle and Practice II

    Gospel Questions X: Glory, John the baptist, the hidden talent, the Kingdom of God

    Old Testament Interpretation V: The Flight to Egypt, the Virgin Birth, Jonathan's Choice, Tyre in Prophecy

    Matthew Questions, verse by verse

    Marriage and the Bible IV

    Politics and Political Action on the Eve of the Tribulation

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading IV

    Spiritual Growth II

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ II

    Baptism: Water and Spirit VI

    Science and the Bible II

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers IV

    Culture and Christianity XIII: College, Dating, Marriage and Friendship

    Eschatology Issues XI: Trumpets, the Millennium, the Time of the Tribulation and the Resurrection.

    Sin according to the Bible: Hamartiology II

    Bible Interpretation VII

    Salvation and Sin

    Bible Interpretation VI

    Eschatology Issues X: Strong delusion, blood moons, 2026, imminence, apostasy & the mark of the beast

    Angelic Issues VI: Cherubs, Guardians, Elders and 'gods'

    Sin according to the Bible: Hamartiology I

    Bible Chronology, Aramaic and Interpretation

    Christians and Mental Illness

    Culture and Christianity XII

    Prayer Questions

    The Trinity and Messianic Legalism

    Anger, Anthropopathism, Eternity and Divine Motives

    Unbelievers, Free Will, and the Plan of God II

    Christology Questions V: the Baptism, Temptation and Spiritual Death of Christ

    The Bible and the Canon: The Inspired Word of God II

    Believers in the World III: Prosperity Gospel, Tithing, Cults and Legalism

    Gospel Questions IX

    Faith, Hope and Love: Virtue in Spiritual Warfare

    Trinity Questions II

    Some Sensitive Topics IV

    Finding a Church - or Something Better? II

    New Testament Interpretation III

    Faith vs. History, Archaeology, Philosophy

    Believers in the World II: Confronting False Groups and False Teaching

    The 144,000 and the Two Witnesses of the Tribulation

    Biblical Anthropology IV: Soul and Spirit, Image and Likeness, Book of Life, Life at Birth, Accountability and Infant Salvation.

    Spiritual Growth

    Predestination, Free Will and False Teaching

    Christophany and the Trinity

    Love, Marriage, and Divorce: Marriage and the Bible III

    Interpreting Dreams and Analyzing Prophetic Claims

    Culture and Christianity XI: Lying, Suicide, Tattoos, Investing, Drugs, Music, Family, Dating, Politics

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading III

    Eschatology Issues IX: Amillennialism, Trumpets, and the Seven Days

    Spiritual Warfare IV: Demons, Demonic Influences and Satanic Methodology

    Satan's Fall from Grace

    Atheism and Gnosticism: Denying the Truth about God

    Sin, Salvation and Forgiveness: Claiming the Mental and Spiritual High-Ground

    Struggling with Salvation . . . and Relatives

    Legalism, Past and Present II

    Ministry and the Ichthys Ministry II

     All about Ichthys II: Mutual Encouragement in the Lord

    The Book of Job and Christian Suffering

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers III: Creationism, Neanderthals, Fossil Record

    Christology Questions IV: Jesus' Birth, Baptism, Early Life, and Kenosis

    Third Party Testimony III: Near Death Experiences, Revelations and Tongues

    Third Party Testimony II: Charismatic Claims of Visions, Dreams and Prophecy

    Third Party Testimony I: We Believe God and His Word - Not People

    God Heals - in His way (not our way)

    Sanctification, Separation and Restraint

    Finding a Church - or Something Better?

    Culture and Christianity X:  Military Service, College, Politics, and Race Relations

    Contemporary Churches and Women Preachers

    Culture and Christianity IX: Politics, Tithing, Music, Crucifixes, Alcohol, and Gambling

    Marriage and the Bible II

    Biblical Anthropology III: Soul versus Spirit, "Soul Sleep", and the Interim Body

    New Testament Interpretation II: Who is equal? Grace in vain. Unequally yoked.

    Aspects of the Crucifixion II: Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?

    Aspects of the Crucifixion I: Carrying the cross, trials and rooster crow.

    Salvation Lost and Found

    The Canon: Content, Chronology, and Criticism

    Spiritual Warfare III: Peter's 'Angel', Saul's Death, and Strange Events

    Old Testament Interpretation IV: Gehazi's Leprosy, Tyre's Destruction, and Immanuel

    Nephilim, Fallen Angels, and Genesis 6

    Gospel Questions VIII

    Sin, Atonement and Forgiveness II

    Sin, Atonement and Forgiveness I

    Annihilationism, Universalism, Hell and Judgment

    When is the Rapture?

    Noah, the Flood, and the Nature of Animals

    The Tribulation: Timing of, Preparation for, and Conditions in

    Eschatology Issues VIII: Revelation, Tribulation and Judgment

    Antichrist: the Mark, the Number, and the Identification of the Beast

    Satan's Revolt and the Tribulation to Come

    Old Testament Interpretation III: The Name 'Jacob', the Mark of Cain, Jeshrun.

    Old Testament Interpretation II: Urim and Thummim, the Bronze Serpent, the Ark.

    Being Saved: Security, Apostasy, and the Sin unto Death

    Fighting the Fight III: False Teaching, Local Churches, and the Truth

    Fighting the Fight II: Struggling with Sin, Doubt, and Severe Testing

    Fighting the Fight I: Accountability, Faith, Sin, Forgiveness, and Reward

    Dispensations, Covenants, Israel and the Church II

    Dispensations, Covenants, Israel and the Church I

    Witnessing: Cults and Christianity II

    Witnessing: Cults and Christianity I

    Ministry and the Ichthys Ministry

    Biblical Interpretation V

    Baptism: Water and Spirit V

    Spiritual Growth, Church-Searching and "Discipling"

    Unbelievers, Free Will, and the Plan of God

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations VI

    Baptism: Water and Spirit IV

    Paganism, Idolatry, Mythology and the Occult

    The Lives of the Apostles and the Writing of the New Testament

    The Essence of God and Deity of Christ

    Parables and their Interpretation

    The Meaning and Purpose of True Christian Assembly

    Marriage and the Bible

    Spiritual 'ups' and 'downs'

    1st John: Text and Interpretation

    Eschatology Issues VII

    Perseverance in the latter days of Laodicea

    Babylon USA?

    Baptism: Water and Spirit III

    Prayer: the Persistence, Purpose and Power of.

    Paul the Apostle: Aspects of his Life and Ministry

    Gospel Questions VII: The Wedding at Cana et al.

    Israel, 'Lost Tribes' and the Star of David

    Israel and Antichrist in Eschatology

    Explaining and Defending the Trinity and the Person of Christ II

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions III

    Culture and Christianity VIII

    The Geography of Heaven, Hades and 'Hell'.

    Eschatology Issues VI

    Bible Interpretation IV

    Legalism, Past and Present

    The Resurrection Body and our Eternal Future.

    Christ the First-Born, High Priest in the Order of Melchizedek.

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading II

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading

    Hermeneutics, Typology, Christophany, Theophany and Anthropopathism.

    No, Hebrews does not teach that you lost your salvation.

    Gospel Questions VI: the Long Ending of Mark et al.

    Judas and the Betrayal of Christ

    Doubting Salvation and Questions of Sin

    The 144,000: God's Seal vs. the Mark of the Beast

    Atheism: Putting Truth to Death

    War in Heaven II

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions II

    War in Heaven

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions I

    The Law, Love, Faith-Rest and Messianism

    Paul and the Law

    Genesis Questions III

    Sin and Salvation, Confession and Forgiveness

    Have I Lost My Salvation? (III)

    The Battlefield Within: Fighting the inner spiritual Struggle.

    Putting Christ in Christmas: Loving Jesus, the Star and the Magi, Wonderful Counselor.

    Old Testament Interpretation: Moses and Zipporah, David's disastrous Census, the Destruction of the Midianites, et al.

    Healing, Miracles, and Dreams: Sorting the Wheat from the Chaff by biblical Means

    153 Fish: Explaining some Difficult New Testament Passages

    Kenosis: Our Lord's Self-Limitation during the 1st Advent

    Biblical Anthropology II: 'Soul sleep', & dichotomy vs. trichotomy

    Biblical Anthropology I: The Nature of Human Beings and Human Life according to the Bible.

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers II.

    Culture and Christianity VII: Jury Duty, Witnessing, Biometry, Military Service et al.

    Culture and Christianity VI: Halloween, Holidays, Aliens, and Christian Applications.

    Angelic Issues V: Michael, the Angel of the Lord, Christophany, demons, cherubs, and Satan's revolt.

    Angelic Issues IV:  Satan's Revolt in the Plan of God.

    New Testament Interpretation: Melchizedek, 'Forsake not Assembly', 'Women Remain Silent', Water-Baptism, Tongues, Prophecy, Intervention of Departed Believers.

    Lost my salvation II?

    All about Ichthys: Mutual Encouragement in the Lord. 

    Genesis Questions.

    Fallen Angels, Demons, Nephilim, and the Devil's Methodology.

    End Times Interpretation II.

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief.

    The Bible and the Canon: The Inspired Word of God.

    End Times Interpretation.

    Grace versus Law.

    Communion and the Spiritual Death of Christ.

    Sinlessness and 1st John.

    Israelology, Anti-Semitism, the Remnant, Gentiles, Lost Tribes, Jewish Myths.

    "Soul Sleep" versus our true Heavenly State.

    Christology Questions III: The Angel of the Lord, the Lamb Slain, monogenes.

    Angelic Issues III: Demons, Satan, Elders, Female Angels and Guardians.

    Against Universalism III: Unbelievers in the Plan of God.

    Waters Above, the Firmament, and the Genesis Gap.

    Marriage "Matters".

    In Need of Guidance and Encouragement.

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations V.

    Servants, Slaves, Disciples, and Ministers.

    Baptism: Water and Spirit II.

    Bible Interpretation III: David's Anointing, Stephen versus Genesis, Triplets, This People, and more.

    Evangelism in Principle and Practice.

    Scripture versus Personal Experience.

    Calvinism, Covenants and Catholicism.

    Culture and Christianity V: Temporal Authority vs. Biblical Application.

    False Doctrine of Absolute Eternal Security III.

    The Dangers of Messianic Legalism IV: Unclean and Impure?

    Things to Come III: The Wrath of God and the Fate of the Beast's Army.

    God Works All Things Together for Good.

    The 7 Trumpets, the 7 Kings, Nephilim, Antichrist and Revived Rome.

    The Coming Tribulation and the Kingdom of God.

    Sin, Confession and Forgiveness.

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ.

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations IV.

    Culture and Christianity IV: Doing one's job as 'unto the Lord', the peril's of 'heroic medicine', Christian perspectives on legalizing marijuana, when lying is not a sin, and when life begins.

    Eschatology Issues V: "It is not for you to know the times or the seasons".

    Ichthys and Contemporary Christianity.

    Gospel Questions V: Help my Unbelief, Respecting our Enemies, etc.

    The Two Witnesses of the Tribulation: Moses and Elijah.

    The Apostles, the Jerusalem Council, and Legalism then and now.

    Aspects of the Christian Walk: Gambling, Lying, Christmas, Judging, Worrying, et al.

    No Rapture

    Believers in the World: Using our Free Will to Respond to the Lord

    Christology Questions II: The Serpent Lifted and the Cross, Jesus' Infallibility, Destroy this Temple, the Sign Spoken Against, His Glorification, the Spirit's Anointing, and the Necessity for His Humanity.

    Paul's Jerusalem Error, Worshiping Truly, the Priesthood of the Believer, and Peter's Vision of the Impure Food

    Christian Trials and Testing

    Gospel Questions IV: The Prophet, the rich man in Hades, Peter's wife, the 'eleven' and the 'twelve' apostles, 'the world could not contain' (Jn.21:25), and progressive revelation.

    Eschatology Issues IV: Israeli politics, 'This Generation', Signs of the Times, the Beast presently alive?, 'Flee Babylon', Preparing for the Tribulation, and 'was, is not, will be'.

    John's Water-Baptism versus the Baptism of the Holy Spirit

    Eschatology Issues III: Over-focusing on Revelation, the Seven Churches, Enoch versus Elijah, and the Symbolism of the Menorah

    The Purpose of Chronicles, Cyrus the Persian, the Chronology of the Exodus Plagues, Qumran and Isaiah, Nebuchadnezzar's Madness, and Jeremiah 31:22, "A Woman will Embrace a Man".

    Aaron and the Golden Calf, Mount Zion, Moses and Zipporah, the high priest's attire, and the ark of the covenant.

    Aspects of the Genesis Curse on Animals, the Tree of Knowing Good and Evil, Jacob Wrestling with the Angel of the Lord, and Kainam.

    The City of David, the Star of David, Solomon's Wisdom, and the Song of Solomon.

    The Israelites at Kadesh and 'not entering the Land of Promise'.

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers.

    Sin and Spiritual Transformation.

    Cults and Christianity IV

    Cults and Christianity III

    Cults and Christianity II

    Cults and Christianity.

    One Baptism: the True Meaning of Peter's Words at Acts 2:38.

    Apostasy and the Sin unto Death, the Conscience and Sanctification.

    The Plan of God and Individual Salvation (excerpt from BB 4B)

    In Your Anger, do not Sin:  Ephesians 4:26 and the Sin Nature

    Bible Interpretation II: Easter, Abiathar, the Hyssop-Blood Cross, Baal, the Scarlet Thread, Names of God, Adiaphoria, and Mezentius.

    Spiritual Warfare II

    Culture and Christianity III

    Have I Lost my Salvation?

    On the Firing Line: Encouragement in Christian Trials

    Eschatology and the Old Testament

    Prayer and our Walk with Jesus.

    Issues of Canonicity II: Aramaic, Enoch, KJV, and the Pastorals

    Bible Vocabulary and Bible Word Studies

    Satan, his Demons, and the Gnostics

    Antichrist: Alive and Well and Living on Planet Earth?

    The Nature of Angels

    Our Eternal Future: Life after Death for Believers in Jesus Christ

    Giants and Nephilim, Sumerian Myths, and Sea Monsters

    Dreams and Visions II

    The Golden Rule

    The Divinity of Jesus Christ

    Free-Will Faith and the Will of God

    Some Sensitive Topics III

    The Spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy: explaining James 4:5.

    Faith: What is it?

    The Seven-Fold Spirit of God.

    Free-Will Faith in the Plan of God.

    Putting the Word of God First.

    Free-Will Faith.

    The False Doctrine of "Soul Sleep" II.

    The False Doctrine of Absolute Eternal Security II.

    The Plan of God

    The Dangers of Messianic Legalism III

    The Dangers of Messianic Legalism II

    The Dangers of Messianic Legalism.

    The Gift of Tongues: Part 2

    The Gift of Tongues: Part 1

    Mega-Churches, Emergent Christianity, Spirituality and Materialism.

    Epignosis, Christian Epistemology, and Spiritual Growth.

    Jephthah's Daughter, Marriage, Divorce, and Remarriage.

    Christian Unity and Divisiveness.

    Death, Martyrdom and Resurrection.

    Blessing, Cursing, and Prayer.

    Freedom and Responsibility.

    Fighting the Good Fight of Faith.

    Only-Begotten, Mother-of-God, On-this-Rock: English-only Interpretation is Dangerous.

    The Greek Text of the New Testament and some Issues of Textual Criticism.

    What does the name 'Christian' mean?

    Some Jewish Issues.

    Christians Beware: Internet Frauds and the Need for Spiritual Discernment (part 2).

    Christians Beware: Internet Frauds and the Need for Spiritual Discernment.

    Sin and Forgiveness.

    Spring Special: The Millennial Regathering and Purging of Israel.

    Life Begins at Birth.

    Culture and Christianity II

    Culture and Christianity I

    The Saved and the Unsaved

    Last Things and Last Judgments

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry IV

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry III

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry II

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry I

    More on Antichrist and his Kingdom

    Antichrist and Babylon

    Prophecy Questions.

    Theological Questions

    Heavenly Things.

    Dysfunctional Churches.

    Some Sensitive Topics II.

    Christmas Special: The Judgment and Reward of the Church.

    What is God's Will?


    Thanksgiving Leftovers.

    Combating Legalism VI

    Combating Legalism V

    Combating Legalism IV

    Combating Legalism III

    Combating Legalism II

    Combating Legalism I

    Aspects of the False Doctrine of Institutional Security

    Chronological Order of the Books of the Bible II

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations III

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations II

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations I

    Gospel Questions III: Least in the kingdom, Millstones, Pennies, Pebbles, Babes, Rhaka, Tallits, and the Crown of Thorns.

    Gospel Questions II: Jesus' Turning Water to Wine, Sweating Blood, Walking on Water, Washing the Disciples' Feet, and the Promise of Freedom."

    Things to Come II: Genesis Rapture, Daniel's Weeks, Seven Kings, Signs of the Apocalypse, Tribulational Suffering, Seven Seals, the Bride of Christ, and Mystery Babylon.

    Things to Come: The Half Hour, the 144,000, the Book of Life, Rewards, the Beast's Kingdom, the Great Apostasy, and the so-called 'Partial Rapture'.

    Satan and the Existence of Evil.

    The Holy Spirit: Blasphemy against, Restraining Ministry, and Gender.

    Spiritual Gifts and Spiritual Growth

    Christian Love, the Golden Rule, Christian Military Service and Self-Defense.

    Issues of Canonicity: Apocrypha, Enoch, and Inspiration.

    Church: The Biblical Ideal versus the Contemporary Reality.

    Numbers, Letters, and the Mark of the Beast.

    Gospel Questions I: Jesus' Life, the Gospels and Cherubs, and who Wrote Matthew.

    More Questions about Genesis.

    Naaman, Nero, Nineveh, and Senacharib.

    The False Doctrine of Absolute Eternal Security.

    Choosing Hell: Questions about Salvation and the Love of God.

    The Chronology of the End.

    The Route of the Israelites in Crossing the Red Sea.

    Some Issues of Transmission, Translation, and Transliteration: The Camel and the Needle, etc.

    Aspects of the Life of Christ: Jesus' siblings, the man born blind, et al.

    Jesus is God and man.

    Jesus is God.

    Redemption, the Blood of Christ, Christ our Passover, and The Passion of the Christ.

    Eschatology Issues II: Angelic bodies, heaven and hell, Satan and the Nephilim, etc.

    The Book of Job and Biblical Interpretation.

    Some Questions about Eternity.

    Who Controls our Thoughts and Emotions?

    The Day of the Lord.

    Sleep as a Euphemism for Death.

    Literal Hell.

    Christ's Preaching to the Spirits in Hell (1Pet.3:18-20), & Michael's Rebuke of Satan (2Pet.2:10-11 ).

    Recovering from Sin.

    The Timing of the Resurrection.

    Dispensations, the Church, the Rapture, and the Destruction of the Universe.

    Christianity versus Contemporary Kitsch.

    Purpose Driven Life, Oprah's New Age Religion, et al.

    Lot, Esau, and Cain: Learning through Negative Examples.

    Against Universalism II: Only Believers are Saved.

    Against Universalism I: Free Will and the Image of God.

    Courage in the Fight.

    Demon Influences.

    Sabbath Questions.

    The Seven Edens and the Eden of Adam and Eve.

    Opposition to the Genesis Gap from the Creation Research Institute et al.

    Mary 'Full of Grace'?

    Changing the Name of God?

    The Beast:  Some Questions about Antichrist.

    The Book of Revelation:  Some Questions.

    Red Hot or Lukewarm? Bible Teaching versus Sermonizing.

    The Last Judgment and the Great White Throne.

    Baptism:  Water and Spirit.

    Spiritual  Marathons.

    Christology:  Some Questions on the Life of Christ.

    Regarding Ichthys.

    Train up a Child in the Way he should Go.

    War, History, and Politics.

    Unbelief and its Consequences.

    Dreams and Visions.

    Explaining and Defending the Trinity and the Person of Christ.

    Free Will and Faith under Pressure.

    Angelic Issues II.

    Science and the Bible.

    Bible Interpretation I:  Academics, Versions et al.

    Faith in the Word of God: the Basis of all True Worship.

    Aspects of the Resurrection II.

    Faith and Encouragement in the midst of Fiery Trials.

    Some Sensitive Topics.

    Jethro, Amenhotep, Iraq, the Catacombs, and the KJV.

    Eschatology Issues: The Fig Tree, Ezekiel 38, Joel 3, and the Trumpets.

    Christ the Rock, the Rooster's Crow, and the Cross.

    Applying Faith II: Production, Forgiveness, Circumcision, Truth over People.

    Applying Faith: Eating, Drinking, and Vacation.

    The Tree of Life, Communion, and the Virgin Birth.

    Grammar Questions.

    Can Prayer Be Offered From Heaven? & Some Genesis Questions.

    Walking the Path of Faith through the Light of the Word of God.

    Salvation on the battlefield, truth revealed to infants, and damnation.

    Preparing for Tribulation.

    Divine Sovereignty and Divine Judgment.

    God's Free Gift of Salvation.

    Should Christians wear Jewelry?

    The Lord's Prayer.

    The Events Surrounding the Birth of Christ.

    Cremation or Burial?

    Zechariah, Demon Possession, Marriage, Spiritual Experiences, and Bible Prophecy.

    No Grounds for Divorce?

    The Shape of the Universe, Hominids, and the Genesis Gap.

    Taking Personal Responsibility: Interest, Bankruptcy, Gambling, and Employment.

    The Seven Churches, the Judgment Seat of Christ,  and other issues in Eschatology.

    The Canonicity of the book of Hebrews.

    Great White Throne, the Last Judgment, and the Outer Darkness.

    Political Action versus Biblical Christianity.

    Study Tools and Methodologies.


    The Gospel and the Kingdom of God.

    Pursuing a Deeper Relationship with Jesus and Christian Epistemology.

    The Origin and the Danger of the Pre-Tribulational Rapture Theory.

    The Divinity of the Spirit and the Percentage of those who are Saved.

    Should Christians ever consider getting a lawyer?

    Pastoral Authority, Popes, Pat Robertson, and Pelagianism.

    Some Questions on Church Polity.

    Apostles and Evangelism

    Luther, Arminius, Calvin, Kant, Ironside, Tutu and Thieme.

    Angelic Issues.

    Transmutation, Resuscitation, and Resurrection.

    Is the Soul a tertium quid?

    More on the Documentary Hypothesis and More on the Rapture.

    Enoch's Walk with God and Some Questions in the Gospels.

    The Influence of the Renaissance and Rationalism on the Church and Cutting off Arms in Malachi 2:3.

    Sabbath Observance.

    1st John 5:20 & Romans 6:23.

    Eschatology Questions.

    Baptism and Following Jesus.

    Where is Armageddon?

    Assurance of Salvation.

    The Cross, Sin, and the Devil in God's Plan.

    More on: Spiritual Gifts; Hats & Hair; the Age of Accountability.

    Daniel 9:25 and Daniel 11:30.

    Who will populate earth during the Millennium?  and  Asking for Wisdom: James 1:5.

    Was Judas Saved?, The Gospel of Judas, and Issues of Canonicity.

    Is 'My Son' Israel or Jesus in Hosea 11:1?  &  How do you Prove Sin to Someone?

    Did Matthew Write his Gospel in Hebrew?

    Christian Crowns, Pagan Names, and the Time of the Cock-Crow.

    Child-like Faith, Mark vs. Matthew, the Mahdi, and 'Who was with God in the Beginning?

    True Orthodoxy and False Creeds.

    Foot-washing, Bitter Herbs, Baptism, and Borrowed Faith.

    All Things Charismatic.

    Friday versus Thursday Crucifixion.

    Jesus' Cursing of the Fig Tree, Apostasy, and 'Feng Shui'.

    The Genesis Serpent, Using "it" to refer to the baby Jesus, and more on Tattoos.

    Combating Gnosticism.

    Resisting the Devil.

    Why did Jesus choose John over James to take care of His mother Mary?

    Antichrist's 'desire of women' in Daniel 11:37 et al.

    Do recent catastrophes have a divine origin?

    Does God really want us to be sick and poor?  Revisiting the prosperity gospel.

    Why did our Lord Jesus arise from the tribe of Judah?

    What will our relationship be in heaven with children who died young?

    The baptism of the Holy Spirit as distinct from speaking in tongues.

    The Grammar behind the Genesis Gap.

    The Great White Throne Judgment.

    Moses and Zipporah.

    The Victory of Faith.

    Does God's choice of us eliminate our free will?

    Why does God allow bad things to happen?

    The Bible as "divine", roof prayer, and tattoos.

    Character in Hebrews 1:3, et al.

    Exorcism, et al.

    "Are the children of unbelievers lost if they die before receiving Christ?"

    How not to get "left behind".

    "Is baptism necessary for salvation?"

    "The nature of life after death."

    "The personality of the Holy Spirit."

    "The dragon of Revelation 12 and the talking idol of Revelation 13."

    "Bound by Satan in Luke 13:16, language and the Tower of Babel, Daniel's 70th week, and the number 12."

    "Infirmities and Diseases in Matthew 8:17"

    "The Leftover Baskets of Bread and Fish in John 6."

    "Waiting for the Ascension" and "Amos 4:11".

    Why was Canaan cursed?

    Should Christians have a competitive attitude?

    John "leapt for joy" in the womb - or did he?

    Satanic Influence in Video Games and Television.

    Moving Mountains:  Matthew 21:21

    Not a hair shall be lost? Luke 21:16 versus Luke 21:18.

    The reign of antichrist:  7 years or 3 and 1/2 years?

    The Trinity in Scripture.

    The Ark of the Covenant.

    "Doubts about the Nephilim in Genesis 6" and "Ezekiel 9:4 and the Mark of the Beast"

    "Word Counts in the Bible", "Him whom they Pierced (Rev.1:7)", and "Necromancy".

    "Waiting for a Savior" and "The Direction East in the Bible"


    Is there a purgatory according to the Bible?

    Your desire shall be for your husband: Genesis 3:16.

    Have I committed the unforgivable sin?

    Is the local church meant to be a patriarchy?

    Why doesn't the Bible mention all of the prophets of the children of Israel?

    The True "Victorious Life".

    Tohu in Genesis 1:2 and the Cause of the Darkness.

    Why Doesn't God Prevent All Children from Dying?

    Why were Christians being regarded as "evil-doers" in 1st Peter 2:12?

    The Scofield Reference Bible.

    Phylacteries and the Mark of the Beast, and "What about Joseph?"

    Feeling desperate and alone.

    Is Tithing net or gross?

    Assembly of the local church, and Jesus' use of "I AM" from Exodus 3:14 in John 8:58

    The "burden of the Lord" in Jeremiah 23:32-40, and judgment for idle words in Matthew 12:36-37.

    The importance of spiritual resiliency.

    Does God use disease to discipline us?

    Recovering from Cult Exposure.

    Variability in Christian Testing and Personal Tribulation.

    Is there any value to the Apocrypha?

    The Communion Ceremony outside of the local church.

    The Christian Walk, the End, and Tattoos.

    Should Christians honor Sunday as the new Sabbath?

    Chronological order of the books of the Bible.

    Doubt, light, missed opportunities et al.

    Addicted to Sin.

    Corporate prayer in Matthew 18:19:  "when two agree on earth".

    What does the Bible say about humor?

    The value of cumulative prayer.

    Our Heavenly, Pre-Resurrection, Interim State.

    How could a loving God order the destruction of the Canaanites?

    Should Christians observe the Torah?

    Church Polity and three other passages.

    Walking with Jesus.

    Tongues: does 'no man' understand?

    The few saved, the door in heaven, visions of heavenly realities, and Christmas.

    Spiritual Warfare.

    Christian suffering and spiritual maturity.

    Aliens, antichrist, and eschatology.

    Does exceptionally sinful behavior indicate that a Christian has lost salvation?

    Should Christians celebrate Jewish festivals?

    The Deaths of the 12 Disciples / Apostles of Christ.

    Categories of Sin in Psalm 19.

    Some brief answers on a variety of topics.

    Pastoral Support, Pastoral Preparation, and the Purpose of Assembly.

    Eternal Rewards.

    Encouragement, Isaiah 6:11-13, and the Hope of Repentance.

    Questioning the Genesis Gap.

    Dinosaurs, the Nephilim, Noah, et al.

    How much should we pay our pastor?

    More about Women Preachers.

    Is it wrong for me to celebrate Easter?

    The Remnant in Isaiah 6:13.

    The Big Distinction.

    The Day of the Lord in 2nd Peter 3:10.

    The Day of the Lord.

    Church History.

    The Sealing of the Holy Spirit.

    Visions of Angels: Colossians 2:18.

    Waiting on God's timing:  patience in testing.

    "Your Throne, O God":  Psalm 45:6.

    Moses striking the Rock.

    Procreation and Creation.

    What is meant by the phrase "the Lord's footstool"?

    1st Peter 3:3-5

    A conversation about divorce and remarriage.

    Faith in the midst of the fiery trial.

    Hebrews 10:26 again, and two other notes on Arthur Pink and the Greek word diakonos.

    What is the correct translation of Isaiah 59:19?

    Is the star of Acts 7:43 the star of David?

    Some questions about Nimrod and Christmas trees, Tongues, and Healing

    Is Jesus the only One ever to restore sight?

    What happens to people who were born and died prior to the birth of Christ?

    Which is better, the King James Version or the New King James Version?

    What is the minimum necessary to be saved?

    How can we know whose interpretation of the Bible is right (Part 2)?

    How can we know whose interpretation of the Bible is right (Part 1)?

    Psalm 22:1, "My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?"

    The "Mind of Christ" in 1st Corinthians 2:16

    Simeon and Simon, and the two crows of the rooster

    Ichthys, saints, and the Last Adam

    Does Hebrews 10:26 teach loss of salvation?

    Eternal security: where does one draw the line?

    Who are Gog and Magog in Ezekiel 38-39?

    How did John the baptist come to doubt Jesus?

    Is Jesus literally seated on the throne at God's right hand?

    Are the Celts the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel?

    Whatever happened to the "Genesis Gap"?

    "The baptism which now saves you":  1st Peter 3:21.

    Hebrew Language Study Tools.

    What type of healing is being discussed in Isaiah 53:5?

    The Origin of the Four Seasons

    2nd Peter 3:5: Doubting the Tribulation

    Tent-making and Galatians 6:6

    A Question about Ichthys books

    Biblical Metaphors and Symbolism

    Faith and the Pre-Tribulational "Rapture".

    Faith Healing.

    Bible translation and John 8:58.

    Melchizedek and the high priesthood of Christ:  two questions et alia.

    In need of encouragement.

    The centurion and the Syro-Phoenician woman.

    Who is the Meshiach?

    A Sadducean Question

    What is "heaven" like according to Christian teachings?

    Acts 20:28: Whose Blood?

    1st Corinthians 11:  Hats or Hair?

    Confession of Sin, Fellowship, and the Filling of the Holy Spirit.

    A Miscellany of Questions and Answers (Nineveh, the beast, tongues, demons, Sadam, etc.)

    Some Greek Questions in the Gospels (John 1:3; 2:19; 8:58; Luke 23:43)

    Is Man trichotomous, and does that mean that salvation is three-tiered?

    Questioning the Trinity

    The blood of Christ

    Christ knocking at the door in Revelation 3:20

    The futility of memory without God and eternal life.

    The meaning of Jesus' words, "I am" in John 8:58

    What does the Bible say about Heaven and Hell?

    Peace in 1st Corinthians 14:33

    Salvation and Church Affiliation.

    Several questions on the book of Hebrews.

    Does the Bible prohibit women from preaching or teaching in the Church?

    Should Christian leaders refrain from drinking in public?

    How to use the Bible translations at Ichthys.

    The Worship of Jesus:  a proof of His divinity?

    An Extended Conversation about the Baptism of the Holy Spirit.

    Is water baptism required for Christians today?

    Are health and wealth a part of the gospel?

    Will those in Hades be able to see Christ's return?

    Feelings of Guilt about Remarriage.

    Who are the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel?

    What does "the Word was with God" mean in John 1:1-2?

    Three questions on three verses in Isaiah (Is.21:4; 28:10, & 66:24).

    How important is education for a pastor?

    Does Hebrews 10:26-35 ("deliberate sinning" etc.) mean that a believer can lose his or her salvation?

    Availability and use of Ichthys materials: several questions.

    Is there any difference between demons and fallen angels?

    Confronting atheism.

    Two questions about Judas Iscariot.

    Three Questions about Tattoos and Salvation.

    The Hebrew word for 'one' (`echadh) and the uniqueness of God.

    Did the witch of Endor really conjure up the spirit of Samuel?

    A Question about the "Waters Above".

    Why did God the Father wait so long to send Jesus into the world?

    How does being "slain in the Spirit" relate to being baptized in the Spirit?

    How do you prove the existence of God?

    Where does the Bible teach that Jesus is God?

    Is it ever Justifiable to Tell a Lie (part 2)?

    Seeing double in Matthew.

    Mary, Joseph, and Nazareth.

    Is the Westminster Catechism a Good Reference Tool?

    What does it mean "the spirit returns to God" in Ecclesiastes 12:7?

    Is there any Connection between biblical Gemstones and Moral Characteristics?

    Are Miraculous Gifts Operational Today?

    Jesus Christ in the Old Testament (Christophany: Gen.3:8).

    Can those in organizations which teach "salvation by works" be saved?

    Is "helpmeet" a wrong translation in Genesis 2:20?

    Our will and God's WILL.

    Cast thy Bread upon the Waters:  What do the seven and eight portions in Ecclesiastes 11:2 mean?

    Was Cain Satan's literal "seed"?

    The Demon Possessed Girl in Acts 16:16.

    The "Sin unto Death" in 1st John 5:16.

    Is death just a natural part of human life?

    Communion and the Blood of Christ.

    What does it mean in 1st Corinthians 7:14, "the unbelieving husband is sanctified"?

    The Re-institution of the Feast of Tabernacles in the Millennium.

    Secular Documentation for the Exodus.

    The false doctrine of "soul sleep".

    The Author of Hebrews and Jesus' Perfect Completion of His Mission.

    The Trinity in Isaiah 63:10-15.

    How old was Jesus at the time of His crucifixion and resurrection?

    Five Smooth Stones: 1st Samuel 17:40

    How can we know the Bible is true?

    The name "Jesus".

    Habakkuk's Prosperity Prayer: Habakkuk 3:17-19.

    Jeremiah 31:22: "A Woman shall Compass a Man".

    The New International Version of the Bible and some issues in Bible translation.

    Is "the Prophet" of Deuteronomy 18:18 Muhammad?

    The One True God and the Trinity in the Old Testament.

    Are those in Hebrews 6:4 who "crucify the Son of God afresh" lost?

    Are New Bible Translations Part of a Conspiracy?

    What exactly is the "red heifer prophecy", and how does it relate to the events of the end times?

    Where did the waters of Genesis 1 go?

    Interpreting Revelation

    Sin, Baptism, and the Book of Revelation

    Tithing and the Book of Life

    The Dangers of the Prosperity Gospel.

    English and the Tower of Babel.

    The "Seven Thunders" of Revelation 10:3-4

    The fate of the unrighteous dead in Isaiah 66:24

    Who are the "sons of the kingdom" in Matthew 18:11-12?

    Why does Judah get greater honor than Jerusalem in Zechariah 12:7?

    Are there Female Angels?

    Longevity in the Millennium.

    How is the date of Easter computed?

    What is the meaning of the 1290 days versus the 1335 days in Daniel 12?

    What Church era are we now in?

    The mark of the beast.

    Christophany in the Exodus.

    Can you explain "help my unbelief!" in Mark 9:24?

    What does it mean to "overcome" in Revelation chapters 2 and 3?

    Are women required to wear veils or hats in church?

    Is the world about to come to an end?

    Does the Bible ever describe the earth as being round?

    Pre-, mid-, or post-Tribulation rapture?

    Pearls before swine.

    Recognizing the Messiah.

    The gift of healing.

    The origin and fate of the "giants" in Genesis chapter six.

    Christian suffering - Christian encouragement.

    Is speaking in tongues biblical?

    Is speaking in tongues a sin?

    Can you recommend a good commentary on the book of Romans?

    Aspects of the resurrection.

    The recipients of Peter's epistles.

    Pre- or Post-Tribulation "rapture"?

    The lives of the prophets.

    The old prophet who lied.

    Animal sacrifice in the millennium.

    Is it ever justifiable to lie?

    Who wrote the King James version?

    The meaning of the divine name יהוה.

    The so-called "documentary hypothesis".

    The relationship between the books of Kings and Chronicles.

    David's disastrous census of Israel.

    Aspects of the Unseen Angelic Warfare and 666, the Mark of the Beast.

    The 200 million strong demon army of Revelation 9:13.

    Deliverance through Childbearing in 1st Timothy 2:15?

    Some questions about the Tribulation.

    More on divorce and remarriage.

    Divorce and remarriage.

    The antecedents of ICHTHYS.

    What does it mean to "remember the Sabbath and keep it holy"?

    The manner of the apostle Peter's death.

    Wasn't Matthias the thirteenth apostle?

    Forward progress necessary for salvation and spiritual growth.

    The "seven days" of human history.

    1st John 1:9 and confessing sin.

    ICHTHYS and the role of traditional Christianity.

    Can you recommend a good survey for the Old and New Testaments?

    Where can I find more information on the "Genesis gap"?

    Is Church membership an issue in salvation?

    Can you recommend a church?

    Are these materials available for purchase as books?

    A bit of autobiography.

    What is your opinion of the Abingdon one-volume Bible Commentary?

    What is the significance of the number "20" in the Bible?

    The 144,000 of Revelation chapters 7 and 14.

    What is your view on predestination?

    Who is "true Israel"?

    The chronology of the date 2026.

    Does baptism play a role in being born again?

    Why does the devil have access to God while man cannot stand in His presence?

    The structure of the book of Revelation.

    What is your view of the rapture?

    What is meant by the "10 days" of Revelation 2:10?

    Dragons in the Bible?

    Are there apostles in the Church today?

    What is the meaning of the word "chosen" in the Bible.

    The Passover.

    What are the most common Bible names?

    What is the biblical significance of the number forty?

    What does the Bible have to say about witchcraft?

    How can I protect myself from false teaching?

    Didn't the devil know he couldn't defeat God?

    Are the Masons wrong according to the Bible?

    Six Questions.

    Can the faith of "backsliders" be restored?

    Are there biblical origins to mythology?

    What does the phrase "sides of the pit" mean in Isaiah 14:15?

    Can prayer be offered in the name of the Son?

    Election and John 6:37?

    Is it valid to celebrate Christmas?

    Can you give me some information on divine names in the Bible?

    What is the significance of name changes in the Bible?

    Is faith a "gift of God"?

    Is there a "gospel of Thomas"?

    Is the nature of Man dichotomous or trichotomous?

    Will the temple be rebuilt in Jerusalem?

    Does the Bible teach a literal Millennium?

    What does the word "good" mean in Genesis?

    Who are "the dead" who "rise first" in 1st Thessalonians 4?

    Are the Greek tenses in John 7:34 correctly translated?

    Is the devil "mad" to oppose God?

    Does the Bible require supporting the pastor financially?

    How can Jesus be a man and God at the same time?

    How did people atone for intentional sin in Old Testament times?

    What is the symbolism of the Lamb of God in Revelation?

    Can you recommend some word study tools for Bible study?

    Can people who commit suicide be saved?

    Are tattoos biblical?

    Is it "ichthys" or "ichthus"?

    What is the difference between wisdom and discernment?

    Marriage of Believers and Unbelievers.

    Is hearing believing in John 6:35?

    How certain a date is 2026?

    Is Paul describing himself in Romans chapter seven?

    Is tithing required for salvation?

    What is the evidence for the "rapture"?

    Is there any validity to the "prosperity gospel"?

    Who are the "Nephilim" in Genesis chapter six?

    Church attendance.

    Is there a literal "devil"?

    What does the Bible have to say about reincarnation?

    What is the unpardonable sin?

    Believing the Bible for Spiritual Growth.

    Why was the New Testament written in Greek?

    What about those who have never heard of Christ?

    What about elders and deacons?

    Eternal Security and "sinless perfection".

    Eternal Security and "salvation by works".

    Does the Bible teach ex nihilo creation?

    When did Jesus first know He was God's Son?

    Are there prophets today?

    Despairing of life.

    How important is baptism?

    How could Christ have been three days and nights in the grave?

    Do Muslims worship the One true God?

    What can I do about spiritual fainting?


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