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Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers VII

[posted 11/26/22]

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Question 1:

So here's something I personally believe about God, and I'll have to explain something else to make it make sense.

So you know how VS debating is the art of trying to figure out "who would win in a fight between 2 fictional characters"? I don't think I've talked about it with you before. I'm an active vs debater and of course as you know, a fellow believer.

In vs debating, we have these things we use to measure a character's power called "tiers", there being 13 of them in total, with subtiers A, B, and C in all but the highest. Now this is where it might get a bit confusing. There any MANY tiers of infinite power, each one of these infinite ranges being called a "dimension", each higher dimension infinitely Transcending the ones bellow them. The lowest level of infinite power is 3 dimensional, or 3-A, also called Universal. There are infinite of these dimensions, and even infinite levels for Transcending the concept of dimensions...yeah, a lot of fictional stories have higher and lower dimensions in their cosmology, which is why we have the dimensional tiers. And this tiering of infinite infinite infinites...for infinite infinite infinities....this can go on literally forever, is the 2nd highest tier, 1-A, also called Outerversal. And now we FINALLY get to what I was talking about, the tier that transcends this insane hierarchy and reaches the truest, most absolute form of the concept of infinity. In other words, absolute omnipotence. This is called Tier 0, also called Boundless, and is the highest tier is vs debating.

Quite a lot of philosophy just to figure out how strong a fictional character is, huh?

This idea of Boundless is how I interpret God being almighty. Is this in any way right? I mean, reading your Bible basics it seems you believe this too, or at least something similar.

And also, I came to this belief from reading your Bible Basics on Theology, at least part of it. Am I misunderstanding what you say in it?

Why do you say the human imagination is evil and sinful? Is it really so bad to come up with stories in our head and use our God given creativity to create new things? Unless you're actually going to suggest the absurd notion that creativity is demonic.

Response #1: 

When you say, "this belief", do you mean, "This idea of Boundless is how I interpret God being almighty"? If that is the case, you'd have to explain "Boundless" to me. That word and concept is not a biblical one, and I'm not into debating or apologetics myself (this is a Bible teaching ministry). God is infinite in every way. To me, "boundless" might mean something like that, but the pre-Socratic Greek philosophers used that term (to apeiron) to describe something like deity, but part of the physical universe. One has to understand that God is not "bounded" by time and space to (partially) appreciate His infinity.

As to creativity, I don't believe I ever said "the human imagination is evil and sinful". Can you point me to where you found that quotation? I do find the likes of these verses in scripture, however:

The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?
Jeremiah 17:9 KJV

For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh) nothing good dwells; for to will is present with me, but how to perform what is good I do not find.
Romans 7:18 NKJV

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #2:  

Sorry, I guess I misunderstood something you said.

I tried my best to explain Boundless in my email. If you want a simple explanation, it simply means infinite in every way imaginable, and pretty much omnipotent.

BTW, tier 0 characters in vs debating are almost always banned from battles because of this. I mean, how would an omnipotent being exactly lose a fight?

Response #2: 

I don't think it's your fault. One can't expect comic-book writers to understand the infinity and majesty of God . . . when even most believers and many pastors and theologians don't get it.

Question #3:  

Hello--Long time, no write! I hope this finds you well. I am fine. I have a Hebrew grammar question for you. First, here are the verses in question from Genesis 3, NASB 1995:

"And I will put enmity
Between you and the woman,
And between your seed and her seed;
He shall [d]bruise you on the head,
And you shall bruise him on the heel.”

A Roman Catholic I know insists it is the woman who will crush the serpent's head. He wrote on CARM:

"The Hebrew pronoun used can be translated 'he, she or it.'
'She' is grammatically correct."

Anyway, I would like to know what the true pronoun is here, in the bolded part. I know seed--zera--in Hebrew is masculine, isn't it?

Anyway, thanks for your help. God bless!

Response #3: 

Simple one!

The Hebrew MT has hu' (הוּא) here which masculine only in Hebrew with the meaning "he" (feminine "she" is הִיא)/ hiy'); also, the verb has masculine pronoun prefix yodh (יְשוּפְךָ), not the feminine one, which is tav (cf. v.6: תִּקַּח).

So, yes, it has to be "He shall crush"; it can NOT be "she" because the Hebrew says that discretely and differently (no ambiguity here at all).

Incidentally, as can be intuited from the first paragraph above, it's a running joke among English speaking Hebrew students that in Hebrew, "hiy is 'she' and hu' is 'he' ".  Maybe that reversal in sounds is what tripped your correspondent up.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #4:   

Doctor, did Adam and Eve fulfill the Genesis mandate of being fruitful and multiplying after he sinned or before he sinned?

What does the word nephilim mean? What is Moses trying to say by sons of God and daughters of man in Genesis chapter six?

Response #4: 

On "be fruitful and multiply", that was an "Eden command", and our first parents were ejected from Eden before they even began to fulfill it (no pregnancy or birth until after the fall, as it happened). However, the command was repeated to Noah and his family after the flood (Gen.9:1; 9:7), and also to Jacob and his family (Gen.35:11). So anyone who wants to find fault with Christians having children is totally out of bounds with such Marxist, evolutionist, climate-change-babble satanic tripe. Marriage is not easy (1Cor.7:28), but having a family is a large part of the point of getting married and always has been.

As to Genesis chapter six, there is a great deal on this at Ichthys. I'll give you some links below. The gist is that the "sons of God" are fallen angels who cohabited with human women to produce the half-man, half-angel nephilim. The word means "fallen ones" and bespeaks their parentage. This was an attempt by Satan to fatally corrupt the human race by eliminating any trace of true humanity, but Noah (along with his family) was "perfect in his generations", and the flood wiped out that evil strain of half-humans. Since that time, there have been little to no incidents of this sort because the fallen angels involved were confined in the Abyss and no angel wants to be cast into that lightless place (cf. Lk.8:31). However, antichrist is definitely one of these creatures (the devil is his father: "your seed" of Gen.3:15 addressed the serpent possessed by Satan), and I have speculated that the ten kings of Revelation may be so as well (because of their otherwise incomprehensible allegiance to the beast). Here are those links (which will lead to others):

Satan's antediluvian attack on the purity of the human line (the Nephilim), in SR 5

The Nephilim of Gen.6

Doubts about the Nephilim in Genesis 6

The Origin and Fate of the "Giants" of Genesis Chapter Six

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #5: 

I had a fantastic time there and felt quite humbled by the privilege of seeing so many prize specimens of these stunning insects!!

Did you know that some female moths are completely flightless and some do not have wings (or vestigial ones) and so rely on hitching a ride on birds to get from plant to plant! Even some of their ovum survive being eaten (through a shell which cannot be digested) and are also deposited through birds from plant to plant!

How anyone cannot see design in all of this or something beyond evolution boggles the mind, it really does. We truly serve an awesome God. Now that truly is something to boast about!!

Response #5: 

Never seen so many beautiful moths in my life. Nice pictures!

Excellent point about God's design. How can things develop like that "by accident"? You really have to have "drunk the Kool-aid" to think it possible for these incredibly beautiful and complex creations – or any other life on this planet – could be the result of "evolution" (see the link). It defies logic – and also the laws of physics: cf. the 2nd law of thermodynamics, e.g., which states that entropy is ever increasing whereas the development of more complex structures to the point of producing life through natural physical processes ought to be beyond impossible – which it is. Only God can give life.

Keeping you in my prayers, my friend.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #6:  

Hello Bob,

Hoping you are yours are in good health and doing well.

I am just wondering about Genesis 2, where we get the word brooding of the Holy Spirit? And what would be the original Hebrew for it? Or how did we come to use this word? I think if the Holy Spirit is brooding it says a lot about what happened between Genesis 1 and 2.

Many thanks once again

Response #6: 

The verb is merachephet (from rachaph). It's not a common verb in Hebrew. It only occurs elsewhere at Deuteronomy 32:11 where the eagle is said to "stir up" her nest; and in Jeremiah 23:9 where the prophet says that his bones are "trembling". So it means something like "move rhythmically".

What we have here is a very graphic description of the Spirit's restraining ministry (see the link) with this verb indicating total coverage and protection . . . from any further satanic intervention. The judgment leveled upon the universe on account of Satan's revolt was not going to be allowed by God to be changed – until He was willing to change it, and the Spirit's restraining ministry described by this verb guaranteed no further such until the seven days of re-creation. And that reconstruction is exactly what God begins to do in the next verse, on the other side of the Genesis gap (link), untold eons after the original creation.

Hope you are doing well too, my friend!

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #7: 

Thank you so much my most highly esteemed acquaintance. Dear Bob I can barely extract my attention from a third read of your five part series of the Satanic Rebellion. I am currently meditating on Part 2, The Genesis Gap. I don’t know, I guess it’s just the way God made me but I am a big picture guy and I find these obscure subjects such as the Genesis Gap so crucial to understand correctly and you have not neglected to address every word that God that is given to us to understand and believe the breadth of God’s council. Thank you brother and if I can someday break away from this current meditation then I will dive in to your next labor. You are truly a gift to the body of Christ, a teacher well prepared and a kind individual, thanks again Bob for remembering me. God Bless.

Response #7:

Thanks so much for the encouraging words!

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #8: 

Dr. Luginbill,

I am reaching out to you because I discovered Ichthys.com some time ago and have been blessed by its contents and wanted to thank you for taking the time to treat the study of God’s Word both with the academic rigor and childlike wonder it commands.

I especially want to thank you for elucidating the Genesis Gap. I have long suspected that “young earth” vs. “old earth” creationism is a false dichotomy, even one that is used as a tool of division within the body of Christ. The solution to this quandary definitely appears to be the Genesis Gap. What you have put forward regarding the Gap is both well-reasoned and fascinating.

There are many other topics you have broached for which I could elaborate my appreciation, but I will simply say thank you for putting together the wonderful resource that is Ichthys.com

As a side note: I regret to have gone through 4 years of undergraduate work at the University of Louisville without ever having the opportunity to meet you or take your courses. I am surprised – honestly, shocked – that a professor such as yourself who is clearly a true follower of our Lord Jesus Christ is on staff at the university. I am always so floored when I see intellectuals/academics of true faith in Jesus Christ.

It gives me great joy and encouragement to read and be challenged by your work. Maybe we will meet one day when the earth finally experiences the untold blessing of our King Jesus Christ reigning supreme from His throne in Jerusalem. I certainly hope so.

Maranatha,

Response #8: 

Good to make your acquaintance! And thanks so much for your good and encouraging words about this ministry! I'm sorry to have missed out having you as a student as well – I'm sure you'd have been a great one! Do feel free to write back any time, my friend.

In Jesus Christ our dear Lord and Savior,

Bob L.

Question #9:  

Dr. Luginbill,

Thank you for your warm response. I realize now that I misspelled the site name: “ichthys.com” – my apologies for that error.

During my time at the university, I was not a practicing Christian. I was a nominal Christian having made a profession of faith and been baptized, but was not living in active faith. It is a miracle that I did not become a full fledged Marxist in my thinking from my time in the Humanities Dept. I started out in History and switched to English; I had one of the largest possible doses of Marxist critical theory one could take at the university.

I’m not sure I would have appreciated you like I should have then; fortunately, now, I get to appreciate your work having gone through some degree of chastisement and abasement as well as blessing. This blessing includes miraculous answers to both my prayers and the prayers of others. Of all the things that fascinate me about our God, the most astonishing is that He condescends to hear and answer our prayers. I cannot even fathom that reality, but I have lived it and I believe it.

I am grateful for your taking the time to correspond with me and I look forward to any future conversation we may have.

Marantha,

Response #9: 

No worries – "Ichthys" is difficult to spell!

I've never taken any classes at U of L (only taught them here for thirty years). I'd be curious to know what classes / profs gave you those doses of Marxism. I don't hang around with university colleagues after work and haven't for many years, and the ones I work most closely with are teaching language for the most part which is practical and not theoretical.

Prayers answered are great! And of course the Lord hears them all . . . and graciously does NOT answer ones that are ill-considered. God is good in every way.

Happy to hear from you!

In Jesus our dear Savior,

Bob L.

Question #10: 

[From Bibledocs statement of purpose]

Ichthys teaches a doctrine known as the Genesis gap that holds that God blacked out the universe after the rebellion of Satan and his followers between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2, making the creation account in Genesis actually an account of re-creation. (Incidentally, this explains the age of the universe, the age of earth, the bulk of the fossil record, and reconciles Ezekiel 28:11ff. with Satan's already-fallen state in Genesis 3). Contrast this with all the other more-common positions on creation, such as day-age theory, 6,000-year-old young earth creationism, theistic evolution, and so forth.

Response #10: 

An excellent summary, my friend!

Question #11:  

Hi!!!!!Bob, had to use your email mine is not working. What is the difference between Genesis 1:3 and Genesis 1:14-15. Are there two different light sources? Thank you my friend,

Response #11: 

Good to see you haven't worn out your "slammer key" just yet, my friend!!

In Genesis 1:3, the Lord brings light out of total darkness, but it is diffused and not centralized; in Genesis 1:14-15, He gathers the light into discrete places (sun and moon and stars), analogously to His gathering of the universal deep which had flooded everything into similarly discrete places (waters above and waters below, with these latter eventually be gathered into seas). Originally, light was everywhere and, we suppose, there was no water barrier anywhere. And we know that in the eternal state there will be "no more sea" (Rev.21:1) and no more night / lack of light, as the Father and the Son will illuminate everything by their glory (Rev.22:5). So the present, contemporary situation (where there is partial dry land and partial sea, partial light and partial darkness) is only temporary and will only obtain during the present unseen conflict until the end of history when God is "all in all" (1Cor.15:28). At that time there will be no more sea (preventing parts of the earth from being utilized) and no more night (so that all our time may be spent in appreciating the Lord).

How we long for that day!

On the email, I've been having a good deal of trouble lately as well. A number of services have been blocking my emails for some reason (while, of course, actual scammers and spammers have no trouble getting through). BigPond and Live.com are two of these. So if I ever fail to respond, please, do keep resending until I do and I'll get the hint eventually (since yours are getting through) and try a work-around. Also, please let me know if you don't receive this email (LOL).

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #12:  

Hi Bob,

Starting this business has been a lot of fun, but I can tell you it's been my toughest trial yet. I have a competitive spirit that can get sinful all too quickly, and operating in a capitalist environment has been tough to not be covetous and to stay the course. I am working on being more patient and letting the Lord direct me in the best course so as to avoid this deadly trap. Altogether I think this thing is going to the work if I can just be careful to focus on the treasures above and not the transit things on this earth.

Genesis 2:5-9 (NASB) 5 Now no shrub of the field was yet in the earth, and no plant of the field had yet sprouted, for the Lord God had not sent rain upon the earth, and there was no man to cultivate the ground. 6 But a mist used to rise from the earth and water the whole surface of the ground. 7 Then the Lord God formed man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being. 8 The Lord God planted a garden toward the east, in Eden; and there He placed the man whom He had formed. 9 Out of the ground the Lord God caused to grow every tree that is pleasing to the sight and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

Question: Why does this account read so much differently from Chapter 1. It’s almost like there is one creation event and then it is stated in a different order.

I am sure you have answered this one before, but maybe you can direct me to it.

In the grace of our Lord and Savior,

Response #12: 

I'm keeping you in prayer for the business.

On Genesis chapter two, it's typical in literature generally – and the Bible in particular – to give an overview first, and then to return to the subject later in order to flesh out critical parts of it. Otherwise one would have to patch long digressions into the overview or leave it out entirely. In relating any series of events, those really are the only choices. Part of the problem in this particular instance is the misunderstanding (and resultant mistranslation) one finds in many accounts and versions. Here is my translation of that part:

(4) These (i.e., the previous verses from Gen.1:1 to this point) are the generations of the heavens and the earth in their creation (i.e., the history of their fashioning) throughout the entire period that the Lord God fashioned earth and heavens (i.e., from the beginning of original creation through the period of reconstruction during the seven days).
[new paragraph]
(5) Now this (i.e., what was related up to the point of Adam's creation) was before any wild foliage existed on the earth and before any wild herbage had sprouted, for the Lord had not yet caused rain to fall upon the earth, and Man did not exist to till the soil. [what follows is a "flashback", so to speak, to give a more detailed account of events on the sixth day]
Genesis 2:4-5

Here are some links to where this is covered in detail:

The Genesis 2:4 Summary

The Genesis Gap (SR 2)

"Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers VI"

Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers V

Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers IV

Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers III: Creationism, Neanderthals, Fossil Record

Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers II

Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers.

Waters Above, the Firmament, and the Genesis Gap.

In Jesus our dear Lord and Savior,

Bob L.

Question #13:  

Hi Bob and family,

Thank you for your response to my question about stopping annoying ads – as you say it’s not my site so I guess I will have to live with what I’m dealt with. Nevermind.

On another topic that I’m confused about – that is, on which day or days were Adam and Eve created? I understand from Genesis 1: 26, 27 that it would appear to have happened on the sixth day of God’s re-construction of the earth. Then in Genesis 2: 1, it says, Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. And in Psalm 33: 6, there is a reference to the underlined scripture, which adds by the breath of His mouth and would suggest that He simply spoke it into existence. And in Genesis verse 2 it says, And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had made; and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had made. Then in the end of verse 5 it says, there was not a man to till the ground. This is what is confusing – as it is dissimilar, or contrasting with Genesis 1: 26, 27. (I don’t know of a better way to put that.) In verse 7 we read, And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.

The confusing part is, one could mistake or misconstrue that Adam was made on the eighth day, after God rested. How should one connect all this together, are these scriptures both metaphorical and literal? (again, I don’t know of a better way to put that.)

I understand both chapters in the sense that I believe it was so but they are confusing in trying to understand the actual timeline – whether it was before, or after God rested and I want to get it right – and were Adam and Eve both created on the same day?

As always dear Bob,

Response #13: 

Sorry not to have a solution for you on that one. I've never allowed ads on Ichthys.

On your question, Adam and Eve were created on the sixth day, just as it says at Genesis 1:26-27.

Genesis 2:4 is often misunderstood. This verse provides a summary statement of what preceded. What follows in verse five begins a more detailed description of the events on day six.

(4) These (i.e., the previous verses from Gen.1:1 to this point) are the generations of the heavens and the earth in their creation (i.e., the history of their fashioning) throughout the entire period that the Lord God fashioned earth and heavens (i.e., from the beginning of original creation through the period of reconstruction during the seven days).
[new paragraph]
(5) Now this (i.e., what was related up to the point of Adam's creation) was before any wild foliage existed on the earth and before any wild herbage had sprouted, for the Lord had not yet caused rain to fall upon the earth, and Man did not exist to till the soil. [what follows is a "flashback", so to speak, to give a more detailed account of events on the sixth day]
Genesis 2:4-5

This sort of thing is very common in literature or in any relating of a complicated story, namely, to give an overview, and then to go back and concentrate on some part of the period described which needs to be fleshed out in more detail.

You can find what I've written about this at the link: in SR 2: The Genesis 2:4 Summary

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #14:   

Hi Bob,

That’s OK, I will live with it, there are worse things.

Thank you for your valued help on that question – if I had thought more about verse 4 in the way you’ve explained I might have seen it instead of trying to make sense of untangling the information in the two chapters.

As usual, your simple explanation clears it up, so again thank you.

As always my friend,

Response #14: 

No worries! Plenty of translations misunderstand the issue; that is clear from the way they punctuate the verse. Here's the NIV, for example:

[v.4a] This is the account of the heavens and earth when they were created.

[double break in NIV's spacing to indicate new paragraph]

[v.4b] When the Lord God made the earth and the heavens – [v.5] and no shrub of the field had yet appeared . . .

So they split verse four when it shouldn't be split and then apply the second half to what follows when in fact all of verse four looks backward to what has just been said. Therein lies the problem.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #15: 

Sir, I see you are a proponent of the Gap Principle of Genesis. How would you answer the Young Earther who protests that the “Gap Theory cannot be true since there was no death before the fall”? Thank you for your time.

Response #15: 

Good to make your acquaintance.

I think the first thing I would do is ask for clarification.

1) When I hear "death" I'm thinking primarily of us human beings. There were no human beings until after the restoration of the seven days, so there was no one to die before the Genesis gap either. Also, while I have demonstrated many places at Ichthys how modern science makes a lot of incorrect assumptions about cosmology (see the link), there are, in fact fossils – and all fossils are remnants of things once alive, and thus, by definition, now dead. There were dinosaurs, after all (see the link as to speculation about their origin). We would have to stick our heads in the sand analogous to "flat-earthers" – to which "young earthers" are not much different – to deny that these things existed or to attribute them to the great flood, as if there were dinosaurs in Noah's day! Just because evolution is a ridiculous myth does not give us the right to create equally ridiculous myths to which scripture gives no support at all.

2) This is really not the way biblical interpretation works – or should. The medieval period is filled with individuals arguing theology based upon hypothetical principles and the result was gobbledygook. One major reason for that was that the "principles" themselves were usually off or absolutely incorrect, and then these so-called "principles" were misapplied in theoretical ways which are not consistent with sound biblical interpretation. That is just what we have here underlying this question posed to you too. Better is looking at the Bible and seeing what it actually says. If the Bible clearly teaches something, then any contrary person who says "That can't be true because XYZ are then logically impossible" can be dismissed: if the Bible says it is true, then it is true:

Before all else, God created the heavens and the earth. But the earth came to be ruined and despoiled . . .
Genesis 1:1-2a

I've written a great deal about this issue. The most recent link (from which many others will be found) is "Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers VI" (see down in Q/A #5 for more links).

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #16:  

Hi Bob,

I'm currently working on some notes on Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2 as initial content for my ministry. In the process of writing my own material, I've gone back and read some relevant parts of SR2.

I too argue against taking Genesis 1:1 as a summary statement (and quote part of SR2 in support of this). However, it seems to me like SR2 mostly argues against the summary position, and does not address the secondary false position wherein someone accepts that Genesis 1:1 is describing ex nihilo creation (rather than being a summary) but argues that Genesis 1:2ff. is part of the same "creation cycle" as Genesis 1:1 because they don't see a gap between 1:1 and 1:2.

Here's a quote from SR2 hopefully demonstrating what I'm talking about:

A second problem with taking Genesis 1:1 as a summary of what follows rather than an event in its own right is to be found in the grammatical connection between verses one and two. Following the description of God's ex nihilo creation of heaven and earth in verse one, we have, in the Hebrew, a disjunctive construction at the beginning of verse two. The combination of the connective waw and a nominal form (as opposed to a finite verb) indicates strong contrast in the Hebrew. That is to say, what we have beginning in verse two is a "but", not an "and".(4) Grammatically speaking then, we are on much firmer ground in translating "but the earth . . .", rather than "and the earth . . ." (KJV). This rendering to which the actual language of the verse points so insistently (despite all speculation to the contrary) has produced mere head-scratching for those who hold to the summary interpretation. But for those who are willing to follow where the Word of God actually leads, it is an unmistakable sign post, one which points inescapably to a definite gap between the Bible's two initial verses, a hiatus in the action which demands attention and invites investigation. Clearly, something dramatic must have transpired to account for this stark contrast between verses one and two. The Genesis Gap, therefore, is unmistakably present in the original Hebrew, representing a clear interruption in the narrative between God's original, perfect creation of the world, and His subsequent re-creation of a world ruined by Satan's revolt:

Before all else, God created the heavens and the earth. But the earth came to be ruined and despoiled . . .
Genesis 1:1-2a

Logic, grammar and (as we shall see immediately below) context all argue for what by now should be apparent: verse one describes in simple, straight-forward terms God's creation of the world out of nothing, while what follows, beginning with the disjunctive clause of verse two, describes the state of affairs resulting from Satan's revolt. This is followed in turn by God's reconstruction of the world to make it once again habitable for an entirely new species of moral creature through whom it will be God's good pleasure to repudiate the devil's revolt beyond any shadow of a doubt, a species created "a little lower than the angels" (Ps.8:5) but destined to rise above them: mankind.(5)

II. The Context of Judgment in Genesis Chapter 1: If the language of Genesis 1:1-2 argues for a gap between original creation and the seven days of re-creation, the context of what follows the first sentence in the Word of God would seem to demand it. The contextual problems involved in taking Genesis 1:1 as a summary rather than an event in its own right are daunting indeed, especially if one stipulates a grammatically correct translation of the two verses:

Before all else, God created the heavens and the earth. But the earth came to be ruined and despoiled – darkness lay upon the face of the abyss while God's Spirit brooded over the surface of its waters.
Genesis 1:1-2

1. The Description of Earth in Genesis 1:2: The ruination and destruction of the earth under Satan's pre-historic rule is aptly described by the Hebrew phrase tohu wa-bhohu (i.e., "ruined and despoiled": תהו ובהו). Many creative (and misleading) translations have been offered in an effort to remove the difficulties caused by a literal translation of this phrase. For the description of earth in a clearly devastated condition causes obvious problems for the summary-statement interpretation of verse one: since God creates only perfection, how and why and when could the earth have come to be so ravaged if no gap is to be understood between verses one and two?

It's not really that SR2 creates a straw-man out of the summary position, but it does seem to me like it kind of presents it as the only other option; that the options are "Genesis 1:1 as summary position" and "Genesis gap" with no position of "Genesis 1:1 as ex nihilo creation but no Genesis gap" ever described nor explicitly refuted.

Now, by no means am I trying to say that SR2 does not contain enough to refute this third position I am describing. The grammar of the disjunctive waw and meaning of tohu wa-bhohu are still sufficient for arguing that there is a definite disconnect between 1:1 and 1:2.

--------------------------------------------

I am bringing all this up because I wanted to make it crystal clear in my own writing that the Genesis gap does not itself rise and fall on refuting the summary position. That is, even if someone is willing to call the summary position false and accept that Genesis 1:1 speaks of ex nihilo creation, the Genesis gap is still mandated by the grammar, meaning that 1:2ff. must be talking about re-creation.

Does the point I am bringing up make sense? Is there a reason why the summary position is refuted so heavily in SR2 while no mention is made of the position that accepts 1:1 as ex nihilo creation but takes 1:2ff. as conjunctive rather than disjunctive?

I'm not trying to say SR2 is insufficient or anything. Everything it says is 100% true: the observations do refute the summary position. It's just been in my own experience that when I bring up the Genesis gap, usually it's not the distinction between ex nihilo creation vs. Genesis 1:1 as summary position that people live and die on (many seem fine conceding the former), but that there is a strong disconnect betwen 1:1 and 1:2.

Maybe I'm missing the point of SR2's emphasis?

Your brother in Christ,

Response #16: 

As to "the secondary false position wherein someone accepts that Genesis 1:1 is describing ex nihilo creation (rather than being a summary) but argues that Genesis 1:2ff. is part of the same "creation cycle" as Genesis 1:1 because they don't see a gap between 1:1 and 1:2": This position makes no sense so it doesn't rate serious consideration in the main offering, SR 2 (I have dealt with it elsewhere).

1) Verse one says that the heavens and the earth were created.

2) But in verse two they are not created – they already exist.

3) Since verse one is solely about creation, and since verse two describes a situation which has to be after creation, then verse one can't be a summary of verse two (since creation unarguably happens first), nor can verse two be a summary of verse one (since it doesn't describe creation at all, which is the only thing verse one talks about).

Therefore people who subscribe to this "alternative false view" haven't thought out carefully what the verses actually say in any translation that's in print. For that reason I have focused on translating and explaining what the verses actually say, but have also taken pains to debunk the most prominent "scholarly" theory which "explains" Genesis.

Apologies in advance if I've misread your question (wouldn't be the first time!).

In Jesus our dear Savior,

Bob L.

Question #17: 

Hi Bob,

The hard thing about this -- as I've come to realize in now seriously putting together ministry materials -- is that there is an infinite variety of wrong ways to take things... and sometimes the systems of logic people use are inconsistent enough that they are difficult to argue against in the first place.

All this to say, I 100% understand the principle of "address serious (false) alternative interpretations and ignore less serious ones" -- after all, we have such limited time.

So it makes sense to me why you would focus on refuting what seems to you a more plausible alternative theory in SR2 rather than spending precious space on something else that doesn't rate as worthy of debunking in your view.

---------------------------------------------------

With all that being said, I don't really understand the flow of logic from your email (i.e., why the position I mentioned is so preposterous that it is not even worthy of addressing). I've rubbed my eyes and even slept on it, but I still don't get how things are fitting together.

That is to say, I don't see how what you have written makes the "Genesis 1:1 talks about the general creation of the heavens and the earth, and then 1:2 picks up talking about God doing more things to the earth that was just created in 1:1" position completely untenable on the face of it. Here's what you say in point (3):

Since verse one is solely about creation, and since verse two describes a situation which has to be after creation, then verse one can't be a summary of verse two (since creation unarguably happens first), nor can verse two be a summary of verse one (since it doesn't describe creation at all, which is the only thing verse one talks about).

The whole point of the position I am asking about is that people aren't looking at things in terms of summaries. They say that God created the universe (heavens and earth) in verse 1 -- that Genesis 1:1 is a historical statement of ex nihilo creation -- and then that 1:2 picks up right on the heels of this initial creation.

You say in point (2) that the heavens and the earth are not created but "already exist." Is that not the whole point of what I am asking -- that people say that they already exist because God created them just immediately prior (in verse 1)?

Why is this so silly a position?

I feel like I'm not explaining this very well, so I'm sorry for that. I'd be happy to try and explain what I'm asking again if it still doesn't seem clear to you.

Yours in Christ,

Response #17:

Now you've got me "scratching my head".

If someone is saying that Genesis 1:2 follows Genesis 1:1 in chronological sequence, then in no sense is the latter a "summary" of the former; rather the former is a continuation of the latter. That is the normal way to understand these verses – because that is what they say on their face. The problem here, historically, has been the failure to see that the continuation is not instantaneous but follows a long GAP of time. So that mistake is what the study is dedicated to explaining. The alternative theory or "summary" theory, wants understand Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2ff. as covering the same time period (also, there is a problem with the interpretation of Genesis 2:4, but that is another issue).

So I think the "problem" is the use of the word "summary" for what you seem to be asking about in this latest email.

Seeing 1:2 as continuing 1:1 immediately is not "silly" – it's just incorrect and biblically problematic for the many reasons clear even in English versions and outlined in SR 2 and elsewhere.

If that doesn't clear things up, please ask your question again (and please refrain from using the word "summary" if possible since that seems to be at the root of the confusion). It may be that the people you're dealing with are trying to have it both ways (I've seen a lot of sloppy thinking in this regard), but if 1:1 is the creation, then 1:2 is after that and not including that.

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #18: 

Hi Bob,

Sorry for the confusion. I think we're more on the right track now. Trying to refrain from the summary language:

Unless I'm missing something, the bit of SR2 I quoted is not addressing the position that you just described in what I have quoted. As I understand it, this position takes 1:1 and 1:2ff. in sequence but views the continuation as instantaneous -- the issue is in not perceiving the gap.

The position addressed in the bit of SR2 I quoted above (what I have been calling the "summary position" -- although this seems to have just muddled things) is different from the instantaneous continuation position because it is taking 1:1 and 1:2ff. as having overlapping time-frames (so rather than 1:1 preceding 1:2ff. in sequence, they overlap in whatever way).

To pull us back full circle, why I started asking all of this is because it seemed to me in putting together my own writing that the overlapping time-frames position is not the "normal way" to understand these verses, but that some form of continuation position is instead (just as you say). Yet, when things are first-presented in SR2, it seems the overlapping time-frames position is addressed but not the position of instantaneous continuation. (Unless I'm being very dense and the "summary interpretation" mentioned in the quoted SR2 text is the instantaneous continuation position rather than the overlapping time-frames position).

I figured there was a reason for why SR2 is presented in the way it is -- that is, why the instantaneous continuation position is not addressed in that particular quoted part of SR2 where the gap is first introduced. That's more or less what I am trying to figure out.


I'm not sure where the disconnect is, but you seem to be misreading me. I am not asking about any position with overlapping time-frames. I am asking about the position that people take where a) 1:1 and 1:2ff. are taken to be sequential not overlapping (i.e., 1:1 happens first, then 1:2ff.), and b) 1:2ff. is taken to follow directly on the heels of 1:1 with no gap or delay.

I don't think I can put my questions much clearer than I did in my last email, but perhaps reading what I wrote in light of what I just said will help? All my confusion stems from the fact that I agree with you that any "overlapping position" makes no sense -- but it seems to me that SR2 addresses that line of thought much more explicitly than the one I just stated above (which seems to me to be less nonsensical and therefore worthy of refutation).

I'm sorry for dragging this out, but I'm still not sure we are communicating on the same wavelength here.

In Christ,

Response #18: 

Re: "I am asking about the position that people take where a) 1:1 and 1:2ff. are taken to be sequential not overlapping (i.e., 1:1 happens first, then 1:2ff.), and b) 1:2ff. is taken to follow directly on the heels of 1:1 with no gap or delay."

??? Addressing the above is the whole thrust of SR 2, namely, to show that there IS a gap rather than the more prominent (and incorrect) evangelical position which does not see a gap.

I suppose this confusion is a result of starting points. You have come up under this ministry and so it probably seems natural to you that there is a gap plainly present, but most evangelicals willfully ignore it.

The Genesis 1:1 summary theory is the only other major theory out there which is internally consistent (even though it is even fraught with trouble), namely, seeing Genesis as mere literature and seeking to explain away the first verse as a summary in order to cast out ex nihilo creation as a biblical principle. Speiser in his Anchor Bible commentary on Genesis is typical, appealing to Ugaritic literature to prove that such things are possible. The bottom line is that any fair reading of Genesis 1:1 is that it describes creation as instantaneous, but that Genesis 1:2 describes a situation which cannot precede it (since nothing existed prior) but which is not consistent with an instantaneous and perfect creation, and that the seven days which follow are not instantaneous but a process – a process of RE-creation as SR 2 demonstrates (link), the reason for which is the Satanic rebellion which took place during the Gap.

So the thrust of SR 2 deals with problem interpretation #1 ("no gap"); but I also had to deal there with problem interpretation #2 (i.e., "it's only a summary so not proof of ex nihilo creation").

In Jesus,

Bob L.

Question #19:  

Hi Bob,

I think I've finally "got" what's going on here. I asked our friend to take a look at the same thing to hear his thoughts, and here's what he said:

I think I understand. On the one hand, just as you never quite notice the air around you, when something is pretty much the ambience, it's harder to notice it even as you deal with it. Someone who holds the view that there was no gap would instantly notice that the entire study attacks his position. And if he tries to escape from it to the one about summaries, he would instantly find no place of rest either. You, on the other hand, would not notice, because the gap position is normal to you.

So, it seems clear and obvious to me why he wrote the way that he wrote. It was very aggressive against the no-gap position, and it would be very obviously so to anyone reading from that position, as I did myself. You only notice the summaries, because you are at ease with the gap position.

On the other hand, Professor Robert is a scholar too, so he would be very sensitive to scholarly positions that are inimical to the faith. So, his writing can make it obvious that he is taking a deliberate and obvious position as a scholar too.

I think that you did very well to ask him why he did what he did. Understanding the workings of one's mentor's mind can help one to make their own autonomous decisions. So I would encourage you to go on doing so. I don't think he minds.

I've been "on board" with the gap position ever since I first read this stuff back in 2014. At that time, I must have just not registered the summary position as much since it wasn't something on my radar. But now that I'm coming at this from the perspective of a teacher, it registered much more, but the arguments against the gap (that I already fully agree with) just don't pop out as noticeably. I guess.

Mystery solved!

Thanks for sticking with me on this.

In Christ,

Response #19: 

Hooray for our friend! If I could just get him a position on the editorial boards of the journals I publish in, I'd get a lot more in print and a lot more easily too!

Hope the exchange was helpful for you in any case.

Looking forward to your website going live!

Keeping you and your family and your job in my daily prayers.

In Jesus.

Bob L.

Question #20: 

Dr. Luginbill,

I consider myself a babe in Christ, although I do possess some knowledge of the bible and have a title at the church that I attend. Yet as a bible student seeking to teach the word in spirit and in truth, I am puzzled as to the reason why gen.1-2 is never talked about. My question concerning this is why can I not or should I say where can I find information concerning these verses. In other words where can It find information on what happened to cause the world to be flooded, I have gathered that was because of Satan's rebellion, okay, but how long was the gap between verses 1 and 2 about. What about pre-Adamites and periods of ice age that I believe occurred during this time period please help me understand so I may be able to answer questions posed to me concerning these things as I reveal them to the unknowing.

Also I understand that the world was created to be inhabited (before the creation of Adam, hence pre-Adamites) but where can I find information about that. I would appreciate any and all answers, suggestions and comments on this subject.

Response #20: 

Good to make your acquaintance.

First, there is a great deal about all these topics posted at Ichthys and I will give you some of the links below.

Some of these questions are not answerable with specificity. We do know that there was a gap because it is right there in Genesis between verses one and two, fairly obvious in the English of most versions and unmistakable in the Hebrew (link).

We can tell from the evidence of geology and archaeology that the gap between original creation and God's reconstruction of the heavens and the earth during the seven Genesis days appears to have been very long indeed. On the other hand, there are also possible mitigations to this length: 1) "appearance of age", that is to say, when God created Adam and Eve on the sixth day, they appeared to be in their mid-twenties / early thirties it seems, being fully grown and mature physically – but in fact they weren't even a day old; 2) the "solid state assumption fallacy", that is to say, just as we cannot trust carbon 14 dating because we cannot actually predict the actual temporal arc of decay, we can only "project" backwards based upon what has been observed in the last couple of centuries (and there is no reason we should assume that the decay follows a straight line graph), so also we do not know what conditions were like before the Genesis gap. For example, a fossilized tree with ten thousand rings might have grown in conditions where a ring was formed every week in terms of present time (seasons do not predate the great flood, for example; see the link).

In other words, absent specific statements in scripture, we would be wrong to "go beyond what is written" where we have no basis for doing so (1Cor.4:6). We know there was a gap; we have reason to believe it was a long one; but we cannot say how long. Not that it matters. Angels do not age, after all, and they were the only life forms with the image of God around before Adam and Eve.

One thing it would really be irresponsible to assume is that there was any "pre-Adamite" race around before the gap. There is nothing in the Bible about that, and since mankind was created as God's solution to the satanic rebellion, no reason for such. The discovery of a handful of fossils which cannot be unequivocally placed before the gap or which could very well have been some different species of apes is no basis for doubting what scripture has to say (or in this case, building theories on what it does not say).

This is not to say that there is not a great deal of extra-biblical speculation on these matters. People "want to know", but a good Bible teaching ministry will only teach them what can be known through direct statements of scripture or solid interpretation of it, not what can't be known – and believe me there is enough of the former to keep you busy for a life time.

Here are some of those links (which will lead to more):

SR 1:  Satan's revolt and fall from grace

SR 2: The Genesis Gap

Gap and appearance of age

Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers VI

In Jesus,

Bob L.


P.S.:  If you haven't noticed or already done so, please check out the list of wonderful ministry offerings on the Special Topics page, including John Jackson (anyone with questions about the "church-visible" will find this helpful), "Bible Readings by Emma", Bible Reading Log by Christian Vassallo (helps for reading through the English Bible),  The Holocaust: A Biblical and Historical Examination (Future Implications) by Fred London, the Expanded Index to Old Testament translations at Ichthys, Foundational Principles, by Odii Ariwodo, "The Peter series" translated into Kiswahili by Resi Kilambo, Video presentations by Steven Tammen based on the SR series, and Steven's group studies of BB 6A.


*Special Prayer Request

  • *For Michael, for his health and for his livelihood in providing for his family, and for his efforts in leading his family to the truth of the Word. [our friend is currently unemployed and his business is out of operation, so please pray for him for restoration of livelihood; *update 10/1/22 from Michael: "I have lost my livelihood. Please pray for me!"]

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  • For Carrie, recently diagnosed with cancer. She has three daughters. The family has already been through a lot, having lost their husband/father to cancer a few years ago. They are believers.

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  • For our brother Abishai, for the restoration of his livelihood and reconciliation with family.

  • For our friend Gaurav, for encouragement, health, and material deliverance. [n.b., Gaurav was the first one on this list years ago; he writes that he is still "hanging in" and staying faithful to the Lord, but he and his family are in greater material need than ever; please remember them in your prayers]; *please also pray for his health and his mother's health (she recently became blind in one eye from an infection and diabetes complications, neither of which have resolved as yet).
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  • For the empowerment of our friend Curt's ministry.

  • For our friend John's family's deliverance from cult influence [praise for some good news here, but some members are still entrapped]. Please also pray for John's health and that of his wife as well.

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  • *For Becca's mother, for healing from cancer, serious liver disease (requiring transplant which is not possible without recovery from the former), lung problems, and chronic pain.

  • For the salvation of John's two unbelieving sons.
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  • For Chris, for health concerns (memory and fatigue), and for blessing on his job.

  • *For Cary, for deliverance in persecution on the job for sticking up for the Lord and for the truth (special harassment for a Christian teacher in a state school where Mormons are in charge) [have not heard from our friend for quite a while].
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  • For Amber's continued spiritual growth and encouragement, and for her healing.  Please also pray for the salvation of her grandmother.
  • *For Sande, for help getting through his officer cadet program (broken leg healed but plagued by tendonitis). Please pray also for his health and the health of his mother and grandmother.

  • For Jeffery, for the salvation of his two sons.
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  • For Kamil, a new believer, who has been unjustly accused because of his family's political activities.
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  • For Sam, for help and support and encouragement in moving away from a legalistic and controlling environment in order to seek and serve the Lord in a godly way.

  • For Lucille, for complete recovery from "long Covid", along with lung and heart problems related thereto.

  • More E-mails:       Complete archive of previous emails:  Ichthys' Emails

    Church: The Biblical Ideal versus the Contemporary Reality IV

    Old Testament Interpretation XX

    Eschatology Issues CII

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ XIV

    Baptism: Water and Spirit XI

    Biblical Anthropology X

    Eschatology Issues CI

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry V

    Spiritual Warfare VIII

    Eschatology Issues C (100)

    Sin, Faith and Suffering III

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XVI

    Eschatology Issues XCIX

    Eschatology Issues XCVIII

    Eschatology Issues XCVII

    Eschatology Issues XCVI

    Old Testament Interpretation XIX

    Eschatology Issues XCV

    Eschatology Issues XCIV

    Old Testament Interpretation XVIII

    Mutual encouragement in Christ XIII

    Eschatology Issues XCIII

    Eschatology Issues XCII

    Christology Questions XII

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation VI

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XV

    Eschatology Issues XCI

    Christology Questions XI

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations XII

    Eschatology Issues XC

    Biblical Interpretation XV

    Eschatology Issues LXXXIX

    Eschatology Issues LXXXVIII

    Eschatology Issues LXXXVII

    Eschatology Issues LXXXVI

    Fighting the Fight XV

    Eschatology Issues LXXXV

    Fighting the Fight XIV

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XIV

    Eschatology Issues LXXXIV

    Biblical Anthropology IX

    Eschatology Issues LXXXIII

    Prayer Questions V

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XIII

    Cults and Christianity XIII

    Eschatology Issues LXXXII

    Culture and Christianity XXIII

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading VII

    Eschatology Issues LXXXI

    Church: The Biblical Ideal versus the Contemporary Reality III

    Angelic Issues X

    Biblical Interpretation XIV

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ XII

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading VI

    Eschatology Issues LXXX

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading V

    Eschatology Issues LXXIX

    Eschatology Issues LXXVIII

    Eschatology Issues LXXVII

    Eschatology Issues LXXVI

    Eschatology Issues LXXV

    Eschatology Issues LXXIV

    Eschatology Issues LXXIII

    Fighting the Fight XIII

    Marriage and the Bible IX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XII

    Eschatology Issues LXXII

    Eschatology Issues LXXI

    Eschatology Issues LXX

    Eschatology Issues LXIX

    Church History III

    Gospel Questions XVII

    Eschatology Issues LXVIII

    Eschatology Issues LXVII

    Baptism: Water and Spirit X

    Eschatology Issues LXVI

    Eschatology Issues LXV

    Old Testament Interpretation XVII

    Eschatology Issues LXIV

    Eschatology Issues LXIII

    Gospel Questions XVI

    Eschatology Issues LXII

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ XI

    Eschatology Issues LXI

    Biblical Interpretation XIII

    Eschatology Issues LX

    Eschatology Issues LIX

    Eschatology Issues LVIII

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ X

    Eschatology Issues LVII

    Eschatology Issues LVI

    Eschatology Issues LV

    Confronting False Groups and False Teaching V

    Eschatology Issues LIV

    Eschatology Issues LIII

    Sin, Faith and Suffering II

    Eschatology Issues LII

    Eschatology Issues LI

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry XI

    Eschatology Issues XXXXX

    Christian Perspectives on Disease and Death

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ IX

    Eschatology Issues XLIX

    Culture and Christianity XXII

    Eschatology Issues XLVIII

    Eschatology Issues XLVII

    Eschatology Issues XLVI

    Eschatology Issues XLV

    Culture and Christianity XXI

    Eschatology Issues XLIV

    Theology Questions IV

    Eschatology Issues XLIII

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ VIII

    Eschatology Issues XLII

    Isaiah Questions

    Eschatology Issues XLI

    Eschatology Issues XL

    Eschatology Issues XXXIX

    Eschatology Issues XXXVIII

    Eschatology Issues XXXVII

    Eschatology Issues XXXVI

    Confronting False Groups and False Teaching IV

    Eschatology Issues XXXV

    Eschatology Issues XXXIV

    Eschatology Issues XXXIII

    Eschatology Issues XXXII

    Eschatology Issues XXXI

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry X

    Eschatology Issues XXX

    Eschatology Issues XXIX

    Old Testament Interpretation XVI

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief VII

    New Testament Interpretation IX

    Fighting the Fight XII

    Eschatology Issues XXVIII

    Spiritual Warfare VII

    Believers in the World XI

    Revelation Questions II

    Believers in the World X

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation V

    Biblical Interpretation XII

    Old Testament Interpretation XV

    Gospel Questions XV

    Fighting the Fight XI

    Apologetics and Legalism II

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry IX

    Gospel Questions XIV

    The 'Rapture' and other Eschatological Issues

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry VIII

    Marriage and the Bible VIII

    Believers in the World IX

    Biblical Interpretation XI

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief VI

    Cults and Christianity XII

    Eschatology Issues XXVII

    Theological Questions III

    New Testament Interpretation VIII

    Eschatology Issues XXVI

    Old Testament Interpretation XIV

    Politics versus Spiritual Growth IV

    Old Testament Interpretation XIII

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief V

    Biblical Interpretation X

    Fighting the Fight X

    Politics versus Spiritual Growth III

    Baptism: Water and Spirit IX

    Biblical Anthropology VIII

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation IV

    Genesis Questions IV

    Fighting the Fight IX

    Eschatology Issues XXV

    Angelic Issues IX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry VII

    Legalism, Past, Present and Future IV

    New Testament Interpretation VII

    Eschatology Issues XXIV: the 'Rapture' et al.

    Believers in the World VIII: Coping with Family

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief IV

    Believers in the World VII

    Culture and Christianity XX

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations XI

    Cults and Christianity XI

    Spiritual Gifts and False Teaching

    Angelic Issues VIII

    Christology Questions X

    Believers in the World VI

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers VI

    Atheism and Evangelism

    New Testament Interpretation VI

    Old Testament Interpretation XII

    Fighting the Fight VIII

    Spiritual Warfare VI

    Sin, Faith and Suffering

    Prayer, Vows and Confession

    Eschatology Issues XXIII

    Apologetics, Ministry and False Teaching

    Culture and Christianity XIX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry VI

    Church: The Biblical Ideal versus the Contemporary Reality II

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief III

    Fighting the Fight VII

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions VI

    Interpretation, Application, Exegesis and Ministry

    Biblical Anthropology VII

    Baptism: Water and Spirit VIII

    Text and Canon

    New Testament Interpretation V

    Grace versus Law II

    Apathy, Atheism, Cults and False Teaching

    All about Ichthys III

    The Battlefield Within II: Combating anger, fear, blaming God, blaming others

    Salvation Questions III

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation III

    Eschatology Issues XXII

    Cults and Christianity X

    Cults and Christianity IX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry V

    Fighting the Fight VI

    Marriage and the Bible VII

    Culture and Christianity XVIII: Substance Use and Abuse, Tithing, Politics and Environmentalism, Friendship, Self-Defense, and Work

    Paul the Apostle: Aspects of his Life and Ministry II

    Old Testament Interpretation XI

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ VII

    The Transitional Era of the Book of Acts and its Unique Spiritual Gifts

    Old Testament Interpretation X

    Marriage and the Bible VI

    The pre-Trib 'Rapture': so called 'imminence' and other false proofs refuted

    Encouragement, Spiritual Testing and Spiritual Growth III

    Eschatology Issues XXI

    Eschatology Issues XX

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations X

    Legalism, Past and Present III: Sabbath observance, tithing, dietary regulations and other issues

    Believers in the World V: Ministering, Mutually Encouraging, and Coping with Family, Politics, and Health

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief II

    Old Testament Interpretation IX

    Christology Questions IX: Christ and His Church

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ VI: Perseverance

    Science and the Bible III

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation II

    Eschatology Issues XIX

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry IV

    Bible Interpretation IX

    Marriage and the Bible V

    Gospel Questions XIII

    Biblical Anthropology VI

    Cults and Christianity VIII

    Fighting the Fight V: Dispatches from the Laodicean 'Front' II

    Old Testament Interpretation VIII

    Eschatology Issues XVIII

    Spiritual Growth III

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry III

    Sin, Guilt, and Salvation II

    New Testament Interpretation IV

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations IX

    Peace, Reconciliation and Salvation

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ V: Soldiers of the Cross

    Baptism: Water and Spirit VII

    Faith, Forgiveness, Salvation

    Cults and Christianity VII

    Old Testament Interpretation VII

    Sin, Guilt, and Salvation

    Eschatology Issues XVII

    Dangers of the Pre-Trib Rapture False Teaching

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations VIII

    The Infinity, Magnitude, Glory, Providence and Plan of God

    Eschatology Issues XVI

    Gospel Questions XII

    The Bible and the Canon: The Inspired Word of God IV

    Nephilim, Antichrist, the False Prophet and the Mark of the Beast

    Angelic Issues VII

    Prayer Questions II

    The Trinity and Messianic Legalism II

    Annihilationism, Universalism, Hell and Judgment II

    Atheism and Apologetics II

    Politics versus Spiritual Growth II

    Culture and Christianity XVII: Humor, Self-Defense, Pacifism and War

    Culture and Christianity XVI: Alcohol, Money and Dietary Issues

    Dreams, Visions, Miracles, Exorcism, Tongues, and False Prophets

    Calvinism, Catholicism and Ichthys

    Apologetics, Legalism, Cults and Philosophy

    The Law, Legalism, and Rome

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ IV

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers V

    Faith and Free Will in Trial and Testing

    Free Will and God's WILL in Salvation

    Jobs, Money, Finances and Giving: What does the Bible say?

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry II

    Eschatology Issues XV

    Dealing with Sin and Guilt

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ III

    Preparing for Tribulation II

    It is Better on the Other Side

    Family Matters

    Christology Questions VIII: The Deity, Humanity and Life of Christ

    The Lives of the Apostles and the Writing of the New Testament II

    Biblical People and Places: Eve, Cain, Noah, Abraham, Hagar, Esau, Joseph and more

    Biblical Anthropology V: Body, Spirit and 'Soul', Present and Future

    Satan, Antichrist, the False Prophet and the Mark of the Beast

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions V

    Prophets, Prophecy, and False Prophets

    Christology Questions VII: The Life and Spiritual Death of Christ and Holy Communion

    The Bible and the Canon: The Inspired Word of God III

    Culture and Christianity XV: The Bible vs. some Sensitive Social and Political Issues

    Christology Questions VI: Christophany, Deity and the Spiritual Death of Christ

    Encouragement, Spiritual Testing and Spiritual Growth II

    Spiritual Warfare V

    Cults and Christianity VI

    Fighting the Fight IV: Dispatches from the Laodicean 'Front'

    Eschatology Issues XIV

    The Gift of Tongues: Part 3

    The Resurrection Body and our Eternal Future II

    Gospel Questions XI

    Blindness, Disease and Healing

    Ministry and Preparation for Ministry

    Atheism and Apologetics

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations VII

    Church History II

    Salvation Questions II

    Culture and Christianity XIV

    Encouragement, Spiritual Testing and Spiritual Growth

    Judaism and Legalism in the church-visible

    Bible Interpretation VIII

    Apostasy, Sin and Salvation

    Confronting False Groups and False Teaching III

    Eschatology Issues XIII: Time of the Tribulation and the Resurrection, Antichrist and the Mark of the Beast

    Salvation Questions

    Theological Questions II

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions IV

    Old Testament Interpretation VI

    More Questions on the Book of Hebrews: Melchizedek, Esau, and the 'Impossibility' of Being Restored

    Believers in the World IV: Making Godly Choices vs. Following Man-Made Rules

    Guilt, Sin and Victory through Spiritual Growth

    Confronting False Groups and False Teaching II

    Cults and Christianity V

    Politics versus Spiritual Growth

    Christian Struggle, Perseverance and Deliverance

    The Bible and the Natural World

    Sin, Fear and Forgiveness

    An Extended Conversation on the 'Unpardonable' Sin

    Eternal Realities: Real Heaven, Real Hell

    Eschatology Issues XII: Babylon, Armageddon, Israel, 2026

    Ministers, Ministry, and Preparation for Ministry

    Evangelism in Principle and Practice II

    Gospel Questions X: Glory, John the baptist, the hidden talent, the Kingdom of God

    Old Testament Interpretation V: The Flight to Egypt, the Virgin Birth, Jonathan's Choice, Tyre in Prophecy

    Matthew Questions, verse by verse

    Marriage and the Bible IV

    Politics and Political Action on the Eve of the Tribulation

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading IV

    Spiritual Growth II

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ II

    Baptism: Water and Spirit VI

    Science and the Bible II

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers IV

    Culture and Christianity XIII: College, Dating, Marriage and Friendship

    Eschatology Issues XI: Trumpets, the Millennium, the Time of the Tribulation and the Resurrection.

    Sin according to the Bible: Hamartiology II

    Bible Interpretation VII

    Salvation and Sin

    Bible Interpretation VI

    Eschatology Issues X: Strong delusion, blood moons, 2026, imminence, apostasy & the mark of the beast

    Angelic Issues VI: Cherubs, Guardians, Elders and 'gods'

    Sin according to the Bible: Hamartiology I

    Bible Chronology, Aramaic and Interpretation

    Christians and Mental Illness

    Culture and Christianity XII

    Prayer Questions

    The Trinity and Messianic Legalism

    Anger, Anthropopathism, Eternity and Divine Motives

    Unbelievers, Free Will, and the Plan of God II

    Christology Questions V: the Baptism, Temptation and Spiritual Death of Christ

    The Bible and the Canon: The Inspired Word of God II

    Believers in the World III: Prosperity Gospel, Tithing, Cults and Legalism

    Gospel Questions IX

    Faith, Hope and Love: Virtue in Spiritual Warfare

    Trinity Questions II

    Some Sensitive Topics IV

    Finding a Church - or Something Better? II

    New Testament Interpretation III

    Faith vs. History, Archaeology, Philosophy

    Believers in the World II: Confronting False Groups and False Teaching

    The 144,000 and the Two Witnesses of the Tribulation

    Biblical Anthropology IV: Soul and Spirit, Image and Likeness, Book of Life, Life at Birth, Accountability and Infant Salvation.

    Spiritual Growth

    Predestination, Free Will and False Teaching

    Christophany and the Trinity

    Love, Marriage, and Divorce: Marriage and the Bible III

    Interpreting Dreams and Analyzing Prophetic Claims

    Culture and Christianity XI: Lying, Suicide, Tattoos, Investing, Drugs, Music, Family, Dating, Politics

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading III

    Eschatology Issues IX: Amillennialism, Trumpets, and the Seven Days

    Spiritual Warfare IV: Demons, Demonic Influences and Satanic Methodology

    Satan's Fall from Grace

    Atheism and Gnosticism: Denying the Truth about God

    Sin, Salvation and Forgiveness: Claiming the Mental and Spiritual High-Ground

    Struggling with Salvation . . . and Relatives

    Legalism, Past and Present II

    Ministry and the Ichthys Ministry II

     All about Ichthys II: Mutual Encouragement in the Lord

    The Book of Job and Christian Suffering

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers III: Creationism, Neanderthals, Fossil Record

    Christology Questions IV: Jesus' Birth, Baptism, Early Life, and Kenosis

    Third Party Testimony III: Near Death Experiences, Revelations and Tongues

    Third Party Testimony II: Charismatic Claims of Visions, Dreams and Prophecy

    Third Party Testimony I: We Believe God and His Word - Not People

    God Heals - in His way (not our way)

    Sanctification, Separation and Restraint

    Finding a Church - or Something Better?

    Culture and Christianity X:  Military Service, College, Politics, and Race Relations

    Contemporary Churches and Women Preachers

    Culture and Christianity IX: Politics, Tithing, Music, Crucifixes, Alcohol, and Gambling

    Marriage and the Bible II

    Biblical Anthropology III: Soul versus Spirit, "Soul Sleep", and the Interim Body

    New Testament Interpretation II: Who is equal? Grace in vain. Unequally yoked.

    Aspects of the Crucifixion II: Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?

    Aspects of the Crucifixion I: Carrying the cross, trials and rooster crow.

    Salvation Lost and Found

    The Canon: Content, Chronology, and Criticism

    Spiritual Warfare III: Peter's 'Angel', Saul's Death, and Strange Events

    Old Testament Interpretation IV: Gehazi's Leprosy, Tyre's Destruction, and Immanuel

    Nephilim, Fallen Angels, and Genesis 6

    Gospel Questions VIII

    Sin, Atonement and Forgiveness II

    Sin, Atonement and Forgiveness I

    Annihilationism, Universalism, Hell and Judgment

    When is the Rapture?

    Noah, the Flood, and the Nature of Animals

    The Tribulation: Timing of, Preparation for, and Conditions in

    Eschatology Issues VIII: Revelation, Tribulation and Judgment

    Antichrist: the Mark, the Number, and the Identification of the Beast

    Satan's Revolt and the Tribulation to Come

    Old Testament Interpretation III: The Name 'Jacob', the Mark of Cain, Jeshrun.

    Old Testament Interpretation II: Urim and Thummim, the Bronze Serpent, the Ark.

    Being Saved: Security, Apostasy, and the Sin unto Death

    Fighting the Fight III: False Teaching, Local Churches, and the Truth

    Fighting the Fight II: Struggling with Sin, Doubt, and Severe Testing

    Fighting the Fight I: Accountability, Faith, Sin, Forgiveness, and Reward

    Dispensations, Covenants, Israel and the Church II

    Dispensations, Covenants, Israel and the Church I

    Witnessing: Cults and Christianity II

    Witnessing: Cults and Christianity I

    Ministry and the Ichthys Ministry

    Biblical Interpretation V

    Baptism: Water and Spirit V

    Spiritual Growth, Church-Searching and "Discipling"

    Unbelievers, Free Will, and the Plan of God

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations VI

    Baptism: Water and Spirit IV

    Paganism, Idolatry, Mythology and the Occult

    The Lives of the Apostles and the Writing of the New Testament

    The Essence of God and Deity of Christ

    Parables and their Interpretation

    The Meaning and Purpose of True Christian Assembly

    Marriage and the Bible

    Spiritual 'ups' and 'downs'

    1st John: Text and Interpretation

    Eschatology Issues VII

    Perseverance in the latter days of Laodicea

    Babylon USA?

    Baptism: Water and Spirit III

    Prayer: the Persistence, Purpose and Power of.

    Paul the Apostle: Aspects of his Life and Ministry

    Gospel Questions VII: The Wedding at Cana et al.

    Israel, 'Lost Tribes' and the Star of David

    Israel and Antichrist in Eschatology

    Explaining and Defending the Trinity and the Person of Christ II

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions III

    Culture and Christianity VIII

    The Geography of Heaven, Hades and 'Hell'.

    Eschatology Issues VI

    Bible Interpretation IV

    Legalism, Past and Present

    The Resurrection Body and our Eternal Future.

    Christ the First-Born, High Priest in the Order of Melchizedek.

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading II

    Bible Versions, Bible Translation, and Bible Reading

    Hermeneutics, Typology, Christophany, Theophany and Anthropopathism.

    No, Hebrews does not teach that you lost your salvation.

    Gospel Questions VI: the Long Ending of Mark et al.

    Judas and the Betrayal of Christ

    Doubting Salvation and Questions of Sin

    The 144,000: God's Seal vs. the Mark of the Beast

    Atheism: Putting Truth to Death

    War in Heaven II

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions II

    War in Heaven

    The Holy Spirit: Pneumatology Questions I

    The Law, Love, Faith-Rest and Messianism

    Paul and the Law

    Genesis Questions III

    Sin and Salvation, Confession and Forgiveness

    Have I Lost My Salvation? (III)

    The Battlefield Within: Fighting the inner spiritual Struggle.

    Putting Christ in Christmas: Loving Jesus, the Star and the Magi, Wonderful Counselor.

    Old Testament Interpretation: Moses and Zipporah, David's disastrous Census, the Destruction of the Midianites, et al.

    Healing, Miracles, and Dreams: Sorting the Wheat from the Chaff by biblical Means

    153 Fish: Explaining some Difficult New Testament Passages

    Kenosis: Our Lord's Self-Limitation during the 1st Advent

    Biblical Anthropology II: 'Soul sleep', & dichotomy vs. trichotomy

    Biblical Anthropology I: The Nature of Human Beings and Human Life according to the Bible.

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers II.

    Culture and Christianity VII: Jury Duty, Witnessing, Biometry, Military Service et al.

    Culture and Christianity VI: Halloween, Holidays, Aliens, and Christian Applications.

    Angelic Issues V: Michael, the Angel of the Lord, Christophany, demons, cherubs, and Satan's revolt.

    Angelic Issues IV:  Satan's Revolt in the Plan of God.

    New Testament Interpretation: Melchizedek, 'Forsake not Assembly', 'Women Remain Silent', Water-Baptism, Tongues, Prophecy, Intervention of Departed Believers.

    Lost my salvation II?

    All about Ichthys: Mutual Encouragement in the Lord. 

    Genesis Questions.

    Fallen Angels, Demons, Nephilim, and the Devil's Methodology.

    End Times Interpretation II.

    Salvation, the Gospel, and Unbelief.

    The Bible and the Canon: The Inspired Word of God.

    End Times Interpretation.

    Grace versus Law.

    Communion and the Spiritual Death of Christ.

    Sinlessness and 1st John.

    Israelology, Anti-Semitism, the Remnant, Gentiles, Lost Tribes, Jewish Myths.

    "Soul Sleep" versus our true Heavenly State.

    Christology Questions III: The Angel of the Lord, the Lamb Slain, monogenes.

    Angelic Issues III: Demons, Satan, Elders, Female Angels and Guardians.

    Against Universalism III: Unbelievers in the Plan of God.

    Waters Above, the Firmament, and the Genesis Gap.

    Marriage "Matters".

    In Need of Guidance and Encouragement.

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations V.

    Servants, Slaves, Disciples, and Ministers.

    Baptism: Water and Spirit II.

    Bible Interpretation III: David's Anointing, Stephen versus Genesis, Triplets, This People, and more.

    Evangelism in Principle and Practice.

    Scripture versus Personal Experience.

    Calvinism, Covenants and Catholicism.

    Culture and Christianity V: Temporal Authority vs. Biblical Application.

    False Doctrine of Absolute Eternal Security III.

    The Dangers of Messianic Legalism IV: Unclean and Impure?

    Things to Come III: The Wrath of God and the Fate of the Beast's Army.

    God Works All Things Together for Good.

    The 7 Trumpets, the 7 Kings, Nephilim, Antichrist and Revived Rome.

    The Coming Tribulation and the Kingdom of God.

    Sin, Confession and Forgiveness.

    Mutual Encouragement in Christ.

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations IV.

    Culture and Christianity IV: Doing one's job as 'unto the Lord', the peril's of 'heroic medicine', Christian perspectives on legalizing marijuana, when lying is not a sin, and when life begins.

    Eschatology Issues V: "It is not for you to know the times or the seasons".

    Ichthys and Contemporary Christianity.

    Gospel Questions V: Help my Unbelief, Respecting our Enemies, etc.

    The Two Witnesses of the Tribulation: Moses and Elijah.

    The Apostles, the Jerusalem Council, and Legalism then and now.

    Aspects of the Christian Walk: Gambling, Lying, Christmas, Judging, Worrying, et al.

    No Rapture

    Believers in the World: Using our Free Will to Respond to the Lord

    Christology Questions II: The Serpent Lifted and the Cross, Jesus' Infallibility, Destroy this Temple, the Sign Spoken Against, His Glorification, the Spirit's Anointing, and the Necessity for His Humanity.

    Paul's Jerusalem Error, Worshiping Truly, the Priesthood of the Believer, and Peter's Vision of the Impure Food

    Christian Trials and Testing

    Gospel Questions IV: The Prophet, the rich man in Hades, Peter's wife, the 'eleven' and the 'twelve' apostles, 'the world could not contain' (Jn.21:25), and progressive revelation.

    Eschatology Issues IV: Israeli politics, 'This Generation', Signs of the Times, the Beast presently alive?, 'Flee Babylon', Preparing for the Tribulation, and 'was, is not, will be'.

    John's Water-Baptism versus the Baptism of the Holy Spirit

    Eschatology Issues III: Over-focusing on Revelation, the Seven Churches, Enoch versus Elijah, and the Symbolism of the Menorah

    The Purpose of Chronicles, Cyrus the Persian, the Chronology of the Exodus Plagues, Qumran and Isaiah, Nebuchadnezzar's Madness, and Jeremiah 31:22, "A Woman will Embrace a Man".

    Aaron and the Golden Calf, Mount Zion, Moses and Zipporah, the high priest's attire, and the ark of the covenant.

    Aspects of the Genesis Curse on Animals, the Tree of Knowing Good and Evil, Jacob Wrestling with the Angel of the Lord, and Kainam.

    The City of David, the Star of David, Solomon's Wisdom, and the Song of Solomon.

    The Israelites at Kadesh and 'not entering the Land of Promise'.

    Genesis Gap: Questions and Answers.

    Sin and Spiritual Transformation.

    Cults and Christianity IV

    Cults and Christianity III

    Cults and Christianity II

    Cults and Christianity.

    One Baptism: the True Meaning of Peter's Words at Acts 2:38.

    Apostasy and the Sin unto Death, the Conscience and Sanctification.

    The Plan of God and Individual Salvation (excerpt from BB 4B)

    In Your Anger, do not Sin:  Ephesians 4:26 and the Sin Nature

    Bible Interpretation II: Easter, Abiathar, the Hyssop-Blood Cross, Baal, the Scarlet Thread, Names of God, Adiaphoria, and Mezentius.

    Spiritual Warfare II

    Culture and Christianity III

    Have I Lost my Salvation?

    On the Firing Line: Encouragement in Christian Trials

    Eschatology and the Old Testament

    Prayer and our Walk with Jesus.

    Issues of Canonicity II: Aramaic, Enoch, KJV, and the Pastorals

    Bible Vocabulary and Bible Word Studies

    Satan, his Demons, and the Gnostics

    Antichrist: Alive and Well and Living on Planet Earth?

    The Nature of Angels

    Our Eternal Future: Life after Death for Believers in Jesus Christ

    Giants and Nephilim, Sumerian Myths, and Sea Monsters

    Dreams and Visions II

    The Golden Rule

    The Divinity of Jesus Christ

    Free-Will Faith and the Will of God

    Some Sensitive Topics III

    The Spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy: explaining James 4:5.

    Faith: What is it?

    The Seven-Fold Spirit of God.

    Free-Will Faith in the Plan of God.

    Putting the Word of God First.

    Free-Will Faith.

    The False Doctrine of "Soul Sleep" II.

    The False Doctrine of Absolute Eternal Security II.

    The Plan of God

    The Dangers of Messianic Legalism III

    The Dangers of Messianic Legalism II

    The Dangers of Messianic Legalism.

    The Gift of Tongues: Part 2

    The Gift of Tongues: Part 1

    Mega-Churches, Emergent Christianity, Spirituality and Materialism.

    Epignosis, Christian Epistemology, and Spiritual Growth.

    Jephthah's Daughter, Marriage, Divorce, and Remarriage.

    Christian Unity and Divisiveness.

    Death, Martyrdom and Resurrection.

    Blessing, Cursing, and Prayer.

    Freedom and Responsibility.

    Fighting the Good Fight of Faith.

    Only-Begotten, Mother-of-God, On-this-Rock: English-only Interpretation is Dangerous.

    The Greek Text of the New Testament and some Issues of Textual Criticism.

    What does the name 'Christian' mean?

    Some Jewish Issues.

    Christians Beware: Internet Frauds and the Need for Spiritual Discernment (part 2).

    Christians Beware: Internet Frauds and the Need for Spiritual Discernment.

    Sin and Forgiveness.

    Spring Special: The Millennial Regathering and Purging of Israel.

    Life Begins at Birth.

    Culture and Christianity II

    Culture and Christianity I

    The Saved and the Unsaved

    Last Things and Last Judgments

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry IV

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry III

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry II

    The Local Church and Personal Ministry I

    More on Antichrist and his Kingdom

    Antichrist and Babylon

    Prophecy Questions.

    Theological Questions

    Heavenly Things.

    Dysfunctional Churches.

    Some Sensitive Topics II.

    Christmas Special: The Judgment and Reward of the Church.

    What is God's Will?

    Apologetics

    Thanksgiving Leftovers.

    Combating Legalism VI

    Combating Legalism V

    Combating Legalism IV

    Combating Legalism III

    Combating Legalism II

    Combating Legalism I

    Aspects of the False Doctrine of Institutional Security

    Chronological Order of the Books of the Bible II

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations III

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations II

    Biblical Languages, Texts and Translations I

    Gospel Questions III: Least in the kingdom, Millstones, Pennies, Pebbles, Babes, Rhaka, Tallits, and the Crown of Thorns.

    Gospel Questions II: Jesus' Turning Water to Wine, Sweating Blood, Walking on Water, Washing the Disciples' Feet, and the Promise of Freedom."

    Things to Come II: Genesis Rapture, Daniel's Weeks, Seven Kings, Signs of the Apocalypse, Tribulational Suffering, Seven Seals, the Bride of Christ, and Mystery Babylon.

    Things to Come: The Half Hour, the 144,000, the Book of Life, Rewards, the Beast's Kingdom, the Great Apostasy, and the so-called 'Partial Rapture'.

    Satan and the Existence of Evil.

    The Holy Spirit: Blasphemy against, Restraining Ministry, and Gender.

    Spiritual Gifts and Spiritual Growth

    Christian Love, the Golden Rule, Christian Military Service and Self-Defense.

    Issues of Canonicity: Apocrypha, Enoch, and Inspiration.

    Church: The Biblical Ideal versus the Contemporary Reality.

    Numbers, Letters, and the Mark of the Beast.

    Gospel Questions I: Jesus' Life, the Gospels and Cherubs, and who Wrote Matthew.

    More Questions about Genesis.

    Naaman, Nero, Nineveh, and Senacharib.

    The False Doctrine of Absolute Eternal Security.

    Choosing Hell: Questions about Salvation and the Love of God.

    The Chronology of the End.

    The Route of the Israelites in Crossing the Red Sea.

    Some Issues of Transmission, Translation, and Transliteration: The Camel and the Needle, etc.

    Aspects of the Life of Christ: Jesus' siblings, the man born blind, et al.

    Jesus is God and man.

    Jesus is God.

    Redemption, the Blood of Christ, Christ our Passover, and The Passion of the Christ.

    Eschatology Issues II: Angelic bodies, heaven and hell, Satan and the Nephilim, etc.

    The Book of Job and Biblical Interpretation.

    Some Questions about Eternity.

    Who Controls our Thoughts and Emotions?

    The Day of the Lord.

    Sleep as a Euphemism for Death.

    Literal Hell.

    Christ's Preaching to the Spirits in Hell (1Pet.3:18-20), & Michael's Rebuke of Satan (2Pet.2:10-11 ).

    Recovering from Sin.

    The Timing of the Resurrection.

    Dispensations, the Church, the Rapture, and the Destruction of the Universe.

    Christianity versus Contemporary Kitsch.

    Purpose Driven Life, Oprah's New Age Religion, et al.

    Lot, Esau, and Cain: Learning through Negative Examples.

    Against Universalism II: Only Believers are Saved.

    Against Universalism I: Free Will and the Image of God.

    Courage in the Fight.

    Demon Influences.

    Sabbath Questions.

    The Seven Edens and the Eden of Adam and Eve.

    Opposition to the Genesis Gap from the Creation Research Institute et al.

    Mary 'Full of Grace'?

    Changing the Name of God?

    The Beast:  Some Questions about Antichrist.

    The Book of Revelation:  Some Questions.

    Red Hot or Lukewarm? Bible Teaching versus Sermonizing.

    The Last Judgment and the Great White Throne.

    Baptism:  Water and Spirit.

    Spiritual  Marathons.

    Christology:  Some Questions on the Life of Christ.

    Regarding Ichthys.

    Train up a Child in the Way he should Go.

    War, History, and Politics.

    Unbelief and its Consequences.

    Dreams and Visions.

    Explaining and Defending the Trinity and the Person of Christ.

    Free Will and Faith under Pressure.

    Angelic Issues II.

    Science and the Bible.

    Bible Interpretation I:  Academics, Versions et al.

    Faith in the Word of God: the Basis of all True Worship.

    Aspects of the Resurrection II.

    Faith and Encouragement in the midst of Fiery Trials.

    Some Sensitive Topics.

    Jethro, Amenhotep, Iraq, the Catacombs, and the KJV.

    Eschatology Issues: The Fig Tree, Ezekiel 38, Joel 3, and the Trumpets.

    Christ the Rock, the Rooster's Crow, and the Cross.

    Applying Faith II: Production, Forgiveness, Circumcision, Truth over People.

    Applying Faith: Eating, Drinking, and Vacation.

    The Tree of Life, Communion, and the Virgin Birth.

    Grammar Questions.

    Can Prayer Be Offered From Heaven? & Some Genesis Questions.

    Walking the Path of Faith through the Light of the Word of God.

    Salvation on the battlefield, truth revealed to infants, and damnation.

    Preparing for Tribulation.

    Divine Sovereignty and Divine Judgment.

    God's Free Gift of Salvation.

    Should Christians wear Jewelry?

    The Lord's Prayer.

    The Events Surrounding the Birth of Christ.

    Cremation or Burial?

    Zechariah, Demon Possession, Marriage, Spiritual Experiences, and Bible Prophecy.

    No Grounds for Divorce?

    The Shape of the Universe, Hominids, and the Genesis Gap.

    Taking Personal Responsibility: Interest, Bankruptcy, Gambling, and Employment.

    The Seven Churches, the Judgment Seat of Christ,  and other issues in Eschatology.

    The Canonicity of the book of Hebrews.

    Great White Throne, the Last Judgment, and the Outer Darkness.

    Political Action versus Biblical Christianity.

    Study Tools and Methodologies.

    Covenants.

    The Gospel and the Kingdom of God.

    Pursuing a Deeper Relationship with Jesus and Christian Epistemology.

    The Origin and the Danger of the Pre-Tribulational Rapture Theory.

    The Divinity of the Spirit and the Percentage of those who are Saved.

    Should Christians ever consider getting a lawyer?

    Pastoral Authority, Popes, Pat Robertson, and Pelagianism.

    Some Questions on Church Polity.

    Apostles and Evangelism

    Luther, Arminius, Calvin, Kant, Ironside, Tutu and Thieme.

    Angelic Issues.

    Transmutation, Resuscitation, and Resurrection.

    Is the Soul a tertium quid?

    More on the Documentary Hypothesis and More on the Rapture.

    Enoch's Walk with God and Some Questions in the Gospels.

    The Influence of the Renaissance and Rationalism on the Church and Cutting off Arms in Malachi 2:3.

    Sabbath Observance.

    1st John 5:20 & Romans 6:23.

    Eschatology Questions.

    Baptism and Following Jesus.

    Where is Armageddon?

    Assurance of Salvation.

    The Cross, Sin, and the Devil in God's Plan.

    More on: Spiritual Gifts; Hats & Hair; the Age of Accountability.

    Daniel 9:25 and Daniel 11:30.

    Who will populate earth during the Millennium?  and  Asking for Wisdom: James 1:5.

    Was Judas Saved?, The Gospel of Judas, and Issues of Canonicity.

    Is 'My Son' Israel or Jesus in Hosea 11:1?  &  How do you Prove Sin to Someone?

    Did Matthew Write his Gospel in Hebrew?

    Christian Crowns, Pagan Names, and the Time of the Cock-Crow.

    Child-like Faith, Mark vs. Matthew, the Mahdi, and 'Who was with God in the Beginning?

    True Orthodoxy and False Creeds.

    Foot-washing, Bitter Herbs, Baptism, and Borrowed Faith.

    All Things Charismatic.

    Friday versus Thursday Crucifixion.

    Jesus' Cursing of the Fig Tree, Apostasy, and 'Feng Shui'.

    The Genesis Serpent, Using "it" to refer to the baby Jesus, and more on Tattoos.

    Combating Gnosticism.

    Resisting the Devil.

    Why did Jesus choose John over James to take care of His mother Mary?

    Antichrist's 'desire of women' in Daniel 11:37 et al.

    Do recent catastrophes have a divine origin?

    Does God really want us to be sick and poor?  Revisiting the prosperity gospel.

    Why did our Lord Jesus arise from the tribe of Judah?

    What will our relationship be in heaven with children who died young?

    The baptism of the Holy Spirit as distinct from speaking in tongues.

    The Grammar behind the Genesis Gap.

    The Great White Throne Judgment.

    Moses and Zipporah.

    The Victory of Faith.

    Does God's choice of us eliminate our free will?

    Why does God allow bad things to happen?

    The Bible as "divine", roof prayer, and tattoos.

    Character in Hebrews 1:3, et al.

    Exorcism, et al.

    "Are the children of unbelievers lost if they die before receiving Christ?"

    How not to get "left behind".

    "Is baptism necessary for salvation?"

    "The nature of life after death."

    "The personality of the Holy Spirit."

    "The dragon of Revelation 12 and the talking idol of Revelation 13."

    "Bound by Satan in Luke 13:16, language and the Tower of Babel, Daniel's 70th week, and the number 12."

    "Infirmities and Diseases in Matthew 8:17"

    "The Leftover Baskets of Bread and Fish in John 6."

    "Waiting for the Ascension" and "Amos 4:11".

    Why was Canaan cursed?

    Should Christians have a competitive attitude?

    John "leapt for joy" in the womb - or did he?

    Satanic Influence in Video Games and Television.

    Moving Mountains:  Matthew 21:21

    Not a hair shall be lost? Luke 21:16 versus Luke 21:18.

    The reign of antichrist:  7 years or 3 and 1/2 years?

    The Trinity in Scripture.

    The Ark of the Covenant.

    "Doubts about the Nephilim in Genesis 6" and "Ezekiel 9:4 and the Mark of the Beast"

    "Word Counts in the Bible", "Him whom they Pierced (Rev.1:7)", and "Necromancy".

    "Waiting for a Savior" and "The Direction East in the Bible"

    Transubstantiation.

    Is there a purgatory according to the Bible?

    Your desire shall be for your husband: Genesis 3:16.

    Have I committed the unforgivable sin?

    Is the local church meant to be a patriarchy?

    Why doesn't the Bible mention all of the prophets of the children of Israel?

    The True "Victorious Life".

    Tohu in Genesis 1:2 and the Cause of the Darkness.

    Why Doesn't God Prevent All Children from Dying?

    Why were Christians being regarded as "evil-doers" in 1st Peter 2:12?

    The Scofield Reference Bible.

    Phylacteries and the Mark of the Beast, and "What about Joseph?"

    Feeling desperate and alone.

    Is Tithing net or gross?

    Assembly of the local church, and Jesus' use of "I AM" from Exodus 3:14 in John 8:58

    The "burden of the Lord" in Jeremiah 23:32-40, and judgment for idle words in Matthew 12:36-37.

    The importance of spiritual resiliency.

    Does God use disease to discipline us?

    Recovering from Cult Exposure.

    Variability in Christian Testing and Personal Tribulation.

    Is there any value to the Apocrypha?

    The Communion Ceremony outside of the local church.

    The Christian Walk, the End, and Tattoos.

    Should Christians honor Sunday as the new Sabbath?

    Chronological order of the books of the Bible.

    Doubt, light, missed opportunities et al.

    Addicted to Sin.

    Corporate prayer in Matthew 18:19:  "when two agree on earth".

    What does the Bible say about humor?

    The value of cumulative prayer.

    Our Heavenly, Pre-Resurrection, Interim State.

    How could a loving God order the destruction of the Canaanites?

    Should Christians observe the Torah?

    Church Polity and three other passages.

    Walking with Jesus.

    Tongues: does 'no man' understand?

    The few saved, the door in heaven, visions of heavenly realities, and Christmas.

    Spiritual Warfare.

    Christian suffering and spiritual maturity.

    Aliens, antichrist, and eschatology.

    Does exceptionally sinful behavior indicate that a Christian has lost salvation?

    Should Christians celebrate Jewish festivals?

    The Deaths of the 12 Disciples / Apostles of Christ.

    Categories of Sin in Psalm 19.

    Some brief answers on a variety of topics.

    Pastoral Support, Pastoral Preparation, and the Purpose of Assembly.

    Eternal Rewards.

    Encouragement, Isaiah 6:11-13, and the Hope of Repentance.

    Questioning the Genesis Gap.

    Dinosaurs, the Nephilim, Noah, et al.

    How much should we pay our pastor?

    More about Women Preachers.

    Is it wrong for me to celebrate Easter?

    The Remnant in Isaiah 6:13.

    The Big Distinction.

    The Day of the Lord in 2nd Peter 3:10.

    The Day of the Lord. Church History.

    The Sealing of the Holy Spirit.

    Visions of Angels: Colossians 2:18.

    Waiting on God's timing:  patience in testing.

    "Your Throne, O God":  Psalm 45:6.

    Moses striking the Rock.

    Procreation and Creation.

    What is meant by the phrase "the Lord's footstool"?

    1st Peter 3:3-5

    A conversation about divorce and remarriage.

    Faith in the midst of the fiery trial.

    Hebrews 10:26 again, and two other notes on Arthur Pink and the Greek word diakonos.

    What is the correct translation of Isaiah 59:19?

    Is the star of Acts 7:43 the star of David?

    Some questions about Nimrod and Christmas trees, Tongues, and Healing

    Is Jesus the only One ever to restore sight?

    What happens to people who were born and died prior to the birth of Christ?

    Which is better, the King James Version or the New King James Version?

    What is the minimum necessary to be saved?

    How can we know whose interpretation of the Bible is right (Part 2)?

    How can we know whose interpretation of the Bible is right (Part 1)?

    Psalm 22:1, "My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?"

    The "Mind of Christ" in 1st Corinthians 2:16

    Simeon and Simon, and the two crows of the rooster

    Ichthys, saints, and the Last Adam

    Does Hebrews 10:26 teach loss of salvation?

    Eternal security: where does one draw the line?

    Who are Gog and Magog in Ezekiel 38-39?

    How did John the baptist come to doubt Jesus?

    Is Jesus literally seated on the throne at God's right hand?

    Are the Celts the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel?

    Whatever happened to the "Genesis Gap"?

    "The baptism which now saves you":  1st Peter 3:21.

    Hebrew Language Study Tools.

    What type of healing is being discussed in Isaiah 53:5?

    The Origin of the Four Seasons

    2nd Peter 3:5: Doubting the Tribulation

    Tent-making and Galatians 6:6

    A Question about Ichthys books

    Biblical Metaphors and Symbolism

    Faith and the Pre-Tribulational "Rapture".

    Faith Healing.

    Bible translation and John 8:58.

    Melchizedek and the high priesthood of Christ:  two questions et alia.

    In need of encouragement.

    The centurion and the Syro-Phoenician woman.

    Who is the Meshiach?

    A Sadducean Question

    What is "heaven" like according to Christian teachings?

    Acts 20:28: Whose Blood?

    1st Corinthians 11:  Hats or Hair?

    Confession of Sin, Fellowship, and the Filling of the Holy Spirit.

    A Miscellany of Questions and Answers (Nineveh, the beast, tongues, demons, Sadam, etc.)

    Some Greek Questions in the Gospels (John 1:3; 2:19; 8:58; Luke 23:43)

    Is Man trichotomous, and does that mean that salvation is three-tiered?

    Questioning the Trinity

    The blood of Christ

    Christ knocking at the door in Revelation 3:20

    The futility of memory without God and eternal life.

    The meaning of Jesus' words, "I am" in John 8:58

    What does the Bible say about Heaven and Hell?

    Peace in 1st Corinthians 14:33

    Salvation and Church Affiliation.

    Several questions on the book of Hebrews.

    Does the Bible prohibit women from preaching or teaching in the Church?

    Should Christian leaders refrain from drinking in public?

    How to use the Bible translations at Ichthys.

    The Worship of Jesus:  a proof of His divinity?

    An Extended Conversation about the Baptism of the Holy Spirit.

    Is water baptism required for Christians today?

    Are health and wealth a part of the gospel?

    Will those in Hades be able to see Christ's return?

    Feelings of Guilt about Remarriage.

    Who are the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel?

    What does "the Word was with God" mean in John 1:1-2?

    Three questions on three verses in Isaiah (Is.21:4; 28:10, & 66:24).

    How important is education for a pastor?

    Does Hebrews 10:26-35 ("deliberate sinning" etc.) mean that a believer can lose his or her salvation?

    Availability and use of Ichthys materials: several questions.

    Is there any difference between demons and fallen angels?

    Confronting atheism.

    Two questions about Judas Iscariot.

    Three Questions about Tattoos and Salvation.

    The Hebrew word for 'one' (`echadh) and the uniqueness of God.

    Did the witch of Endor really conjure up the spirit of Samuel?

    A Question about the "Waters Above".

    Why did God the Father wait so long to send Jesus into the world?

    How does being "slain in the Spirit" relate to being baptized in the Spirit?

    How do you prove the existence of God?

    Where does the Bible teach that Jesus is God?

    Is it ever Justifiable to Tell a Lie (part 2)?

    Seeing double in Matthew.

    Mary, Joseph, and Nazareth.

    Is the Westminster Catechism a Good Reference Tool?

    What does it mean "the spirit returns to God" in Ecclesiastes 12:7?

    Is there any Connection between biblical Gemstones and Moral Characteristics?

    Are Miraculous Gifts Operational Today?

    Jesus Christ in the Old Testament (Christophany: Gen.3:8).

    Can those in organizations which teach "salvation by works" be saved?

    Is "helpmeet" a wrong translation in Genesis 2:20?

    Our will and God's WILL.

    Cast thy Bread upon the Waters:  What do the seven and eight portions in Ecclesiastes 11:2 mean?

    Was Cain Satan's literal "seed"?

    The Demon Possessed Girl in Acts 16:16.

    The "Sin unto Death" in 1st John 5:16.

    Is death just a natural part of human life?

    Communion and the Blood of Christ.

    What does it mean in 1st Corinthians 7:14, "the unbelieving husband is sanctified"?

    The Re-institution of the Feast of Tabernacles in the Millennium.

    Secular Documentation for the Exodus.

    The false doctrine of "soul sleep".

    The Author of Hebrews and Jesus' Perfect Completion of His Mission.

    The Trinity in Isaiah 63:10-15.

    How old was Jesus at the time of His crucifixion and resurrection?

    Five Smooth Stones: 1st Samuel 17:40

    How can we know the Bible is true?

    The name "Jesus".

    Habakkuk's Prosperity Prayer: Habakkuk 3:17-19.

    Jeremiah 31:22: "A Woman shall Compass a Man".

    The New International Version of the Bible and some issues in Bible translation.

    Is "the Prophet" of Deuteronomy 18:18 Muhammad?

    The One True God and the Trinity in the Old Testament.

    Are those in Hebrews 6:4 who "crucify the Son of God afresh" lost?

    Are New Bible Translations Part of a Conspiracy?

    What exactly is the "red heifer prophecy", and how does it relate to the events of the end times?

    Where did the waters of Genesis 1 go?

    Interpreting Revelation

    Sin, Baptism, and the Book of Revelation

    Tithing and the Book of Life

    The Dangers of the Prosperity Gospel.

    English and the Tower of Babel.

    The "Seven Thunders" of Revelation 10:3-4

    The fate of the unrighteous dead in Isaiah 66:24

    Who are the "sons of the kingdom" in Matthew 18:11-12?

    Why does Judah get greater honor than Jerusalem in Zechariah 12:7?

    Are there Female Angels?

    Longevity in the Millennium.

    How is the date of Easter computed?

    What is the meaning of the 1290 days versus the 1335 days in Daniel 12?

    What Church era are we now in?

    The mark of the beast.

    Christophany in the Exodus.

    Can you explain "help my unbelief!" in Mark 9:24?

    What does it mean to "overcome" in Revelation chapters 2 and 3?

    Are women required to wear veils or hats in church?

    Is the world about to come to an end?

    Does the Bible ever describe the earth as being round?

    Pre-, mid-, or post-Tribulation rapture?

    Pearls before swine.

    Recognizing the Messiah.

    The gift of healing.

    The origin and fate of the "giants" in Genesis chapter six.

    Christian suffering - Christian encouragement.

    Is speaking in tongues biblical?

    Is speaking in tongues a sin?

    Can you recommend a good commentary on the book of Romans?

    Aspects of the resurrection.

    The recipients of Peter's epistles.

    Pre- or Post-Tribulation "rapture"?

    The lives of the prophets.

    The old prophet who lied.

    Animal sacrifice in the millennium.

    Is it ever justifiable to lie?

    Who wrote the King James version?

    The meaning of the divine name יהוה.

    The so-called "documentary hypothesis".

    The relationship between the books of Kings and Chronicles.

    David's disastrous census of Israel.

    Aspects of the Unseen Angelic Warfare and 666, the Mark of the Beast.

    The 200 million strong demon army of Revelation 9:13.

    Deliverance through Childbearing in 1st Timothy 2:15?

    Some questions about the Tribulation.

    More on divorce and remarriage.

    Divorce and remarriage.

    The antecedents of ICHTHYS.

    What does it mean to "remember the Sabbath and keep it holy"?

    The manner of the apostle Peter's death.

    Wasn't Matthias the thirteenth apostle?

    Forward progress necessary for salvation and spiritual growth.

    The "seven days" of human history.

    1st John 1:9 and confessing sin.

    ICHTHYS and the role of traditional Christianity.

    Can you recommend a good survey for the Old and New Testaments?

    Where can I find more information on the "Genesis gap"?

    Is Church membership an issue in salvation?

    Can you recommend a church?

    Are these materials available for purchase as books?

    A bit of autobiography.

    What is your opinion of the Abingdon one-volume Bible Commentary?

    What is the significance of the number "20" in the Bible?

    The 144,000 of Revelation chapters 7 and 14.

    What is your view on predestination?

    Who is "true Israel"?

    The chronology of the date 2026.

    Does baptism play a role in being born again?

    Why does the devil have access to God while man cannot stand in His presence?

    The structure of the book of Revelation.

    What is your view of the rapture?

    What is meant by the "10 days" of Revelation 2:10?

    Dragons in the Bible?

    Are there apostles in the Church today?

    What is the meaning of the word "chosen" in the Bible.

    The Passover.

    What are the most common Bible names?

    What is the biblical significance of the number forty?

    What does the Bible have to say about witchcraft?

    How can I protect myself from false teaching?

    Didn't the devil know he couldn't defeat God?

    Are the Masons wrong according to the Bible?

    Six Questions.

    Can the faith of "backsliders" be restored?

    Are there biblical origins to mythology?

    What does the phrase "sides of the pit" mean in Isaiah 14:15?

    Can prayer be offered in the name of the Son?

    Election and John 6:37?

    Is it valid to celebrate Christmas?

    Can you give me some information on divine names in the Bible?

    What is the significance of name changes in the Bible?

    Is faith a "gift of God"?

    Is there a "gospel of Thomas"?

    Is the nature of Man dichotomous or trichotomous?

    Will the temple be rebuilt in Jerusalem?

    Does the Bible teach a literal Millennium?

    What does the word "good" mean in Genesis?

    Who are "the dead" who "rise first" in 1st Thessalonians 4?

    Are the Greek tenses in John 7:34 correctly translated?

    Is the devil "mad" to oppose God?

    Does the Bible require supporting the pastor financially?

    How can Jesus be a man and God at the same time?

    How did people atone for intentional sin in Old Testament times?

    What is the symbolism of the Lamb of God in Revelation?

    Can you recommend some word study tools for Bible study?

    Can people who commit suicide be saved?

    Are tattoos biblical?

    Is it "ichthys" or "ichthus"?

    What is the difference between wisdom and discernment?

    Marriage of Believers and Unbelievers.

    Is hearing believing in John 6:35?

    How certain a date is 2026?

    Is Paul describing himself in Romans chapter seven?

    Is tithing required for salvation?

    What is the evidence for the "rapture"?

    Is there any validity to the "prosperity gospel"?

    Who are the "Nephilim" in Genesis chapter six?

    Church attendance.

    Is there a literal "devil"?

    What does the Bible have to say about reincarnation?

    What is the unpardonable sin?

    Believing the Bible for Spiritual Growth.

    Why was the New Testament written in Greek?

    What about those who have never heard of Christ?

    What about elders and deacons?

    Eternal Security and "sinless perfection".

    Eternal Security and "salvation by works".

    Does the Bible teach ex nihilo creation?

    When did Jesus first know He was God's Son?

    Are there prophets today?

    Despairing of life.

    How important is baptism?

    How could Christ have been three days and nights in the grave?

    Do Muslims worship the One true God?

    What can I do about spiritual fainting?

     


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